Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:

YчебникENGLISH( судовой) для электромехаников

.pdf
Скачиваний:
538
Добавлен:
12.05.2015
Размер:
1.11 Mб
Скачать

2015

Учебное пособие по профессиональноориентированному английскому судовому языку

Министерство транспорта Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство морского и речного транспорта Рыбинский филиал ФБОУ ВПО МГАВТ преподаватель: Щеголева И.Ф

Данное учебное пособие включает тексты и упражнения по развитию навыков чтения и устной речи, усвоению профессионально-ориентированных лексических единиц для студентов речных и морских академий электромеханического отделения.

2

Оглавление

 

Тема На борту судна. В машинном отделении. .................................................

3

Тема Заказ технического снабжения, запасных частей. ....................................

8

Тема Ремонт судна в порту. Ремонт двигателя, котла. ....................................

11

Тема Электрооборудование. Чтение технической документации. .................

14

Тематический словарь по темам..........................................................................

19

Литература. ............................................................................................................

22

3

Тема На борту судна. В машинном отделении.

A FEW UNITS NAMED after FAMOUS SCIENTISTS.

Words lake volt or watt have become part of our language so completely that we sometimes forget that these are the names of famous scientist whose name it bears.

Let us recall a few such units…

An ampere is the unit of electic current in common use. It is that current which, when passed through a solution of silver nitrate in water, will deposit silver at the rate of 0.001118 grams per second. The second unit is named after Andre-Marie Ampere.

A few units named after famous scientists.

A coulomb is a unit of electric charge equal to the quantity of electricity transferred in one second by a current of one ampere. It is named after Charles Augustin de Coulomb.

A farad is a unit of electrical capacitance. It is named after Michael Faraday.

A volt is the difference of potential between two points if one joule of work is required to transport one coulomb of charge from one point to the other. It is named after Alessandro Volta.

ЗАДАНИЕ_EXERCISE:

Here is a list of common abbreviations. Learn them by heart.

Foot-Ft

litre-l

Pound-lb

newton-n

Second-s

kilogramme force-kgf

Square foot-ft²

revolution-rev

Cubic foot-ft³

watt-w

Gallon-gal

volt-v

 

4

Pound force-lbf

kilogramme calorie-kcal

Radian-rad

Fahrenheit temperature-F

Horsepower-hp

Temperature rise

Ampere-A

(Fahrenheit)-deg F

Metre-m

ohm

Gramme-g

Celsius temperature-°C

Kilogramme-kg

British thermal unit-Btu

Minute-min

Coulomb-C

Square metre-m³ Metric horse power-Ps

Cubic metre-m³

THE LAMP

Russian inventors made tremendous contributions to the development of electric illumination.

The first ever man –made electric light illuminated the laboratory of the St. Petersburg physicist Vasily Petrov. The physicist was studying some of the properties of an electric current with the aid of a huge battery of galvanic cells. On November 23 1802 , Petrov had discovered the electric are, a form of the gas discharge.

In 1876 Pavel Y ablochov set to work to invent an are that would burn like a candle, without any adjustment. His work was successful and in 1876 the “Yablochkov candle” was the subject of a report to the

Paris Academy. ЗАДАНИЕ: 1.Прочитайте и переведите текст..

1….battery of galvanic cells-переведите словосочетания

2. gas discharge

3.The kaolin vapour increased the electric conductivity

5

4.an incandescent lamp

MICHAEL FARADAY

An English physicist was lecturing before an audience in London over 150 years ago about some of the tricks that could be performed with magnets and wires. He had a coil of wire connected to a galvanometer. Since there was no current flowing through the wire, the needle of the instrument was motionless. Then the lecturer lowered a bar magnet into the coil. He removed the magnet. The needle jerked again, this time to the left.

The story is told that after the lecture a woman from the audience approached the lecturer and asked him:”But, Mr. Faraday, of what use is the electricity produced for just a split second by this magnet?”

Very politely, Michael Faraday asked in return, ” Madame, of what use is a newborn baby?”

Notes:

1.Lowered a bar magnet

2.2. For just a split secjnd

ЗАДАНИЕ_EXERCISE:

Make up five special questions based on the text .

6

COMMANDS TO THE ENGINE ROOM

Stand by the engine!

Try the engine!

Dead slow ahead!

Slow ahead!

Half ahead!

Full speed ahead!

Stop her!

Dead slow astern!

Slow astern!

Half astern!

Full speed astern!

Faster!

Slower!

Go astern!

Back her!

Finished with the engine!

Learn this dialogues by heart:Задание-выучите команды….

FIRE FIGHTING

WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

TYPES OF FIRE

ТИПЫ ПОЖАРА

Accomodation

 

надстройке

Galley

 

камбузе

Storeroom fire

Пожар

кладовой

 

 

7

Engine room

 

машинном отделении

Cargo spaces

 

грузовых помещениях

Seat of fire

Очаг возгорания

Danger of explosion Risk

Опасность взрыва

Fire alarm (to raise, to sound)

 

Пожарная тревога

Smoke detector (to be activated)

 

Пожарная сигнализация (сработать)

Muster station (point)

 

Пункт сбора по тревоге

To muster

Собираться по тревоге

Fire party (team)

Пожарная партия

Emergency party

Аварийная партия

Reconnaissance party (to make first

 

Развед. группа (первое

определение

 

 

Estination of the extent of fire)

 

причины и степени пожара)

Search party (for missing and injured

 

Поисковая партия (поиск

пропавших раненых)

 

 

persons)

Партия первой мед. помощи

First aid party

 

Партия поддержки (снабжение доп,

оборудованием,

 

 

Supporting party (to supply additional

борьба с дальнейшим

распространением пожара,

 

 

equipment; to prevent spread of fire; to

эвакуация пострадавших)

ЗАДАНИЕ_ЗАПИШИТЕ И ВЫУЧИТЕ СЛОВА.

8

Тема Заказ технического снабжения, запасных частей.

PROTECTIVE MEANS FROM STATIC ELECTRICITY FOR TANK SHIPS

Offered is a wide complex of antistatic means affording high reliable protection of tank ships from static elect city when earring out various technological operations and jobs accompanied by elutriation of medium and materials.

A complex comprises antistatic tips for inlet pipes, cargo wells, groundings and washing agents, as electro isolated units for deck inlet/outlet pipes of shipboard mains.

A complex may be used for different types of shipboard systems and cargo tank structures including submersible cargo pumps systems, crude oil washing systems for tanks, inert gases systems and double bottom tanks.

ЗАДАНИЕ_ПРОЧИТАЙТЕ И ПЕРЕВЕДИТЕ ТЕКСТ!

DESINGN AND APERATIONS OF OIL LEVEL CHEKING RELAY

The relay comprises a relay unit and a detector which are interconnected by means of a length of a high voltage cable.

The detector is a cylindrical capacitor made up of two nickel plated tubes, one mounted in the other concentrically, separated by dialectical insulation. The outer tube is provided with two lengthwise slots for the passage of oil when in immersed condition.

Operation of the detector is based on the abrupt ehange in the electrical capacitance when it becomes immersed in the oil or Diesel fuel. When air flows between the concentrically arrange tubes of the detector , the average when capacitance in air equals 15-18pF

9

Temperature relay pnt-1

The type pnt-1 temperature relay is designed to control the temperature of the cooling liquid, water oil and fuel systems of the diesels by the action of controlled medium upon a temperature-sensitive element.

Basic specifications and results of approval tests.

Parameter

Technical

Actual

 

requirements

value

 

 

 

Range of adjustment, 0

From 0 to 125

Sub-ranger

 

The range contains

From 0 to 60

 

two subranges

From 55 to 125

 

From 0 to 60

 

 

From 55 to 125

 

Operating setting

To order

 

Dead zone, non-

Not over 2

 

adjustable,

 

 

 

At least 40

 

Insulation resistance,

 

 

Mohm

 

 

Fundemental permissible operation error,

 

Per cent of setting range upper limit

 

±1.5

 

 

Permissible pressure of controlled Medium, MPa ( kqf \ sq. sm) 1.5(15)

Permissible temperature of controlled medium, MPa (kgf \ sq.sm)

135 ЗАДАНИЕПрочитайте ,переведите и запишите таблицу.

10

INSTRUCTION FOR CIRCUIT COUPLING

Port propulsion SK Starboard propulsion

Ships mains

A\meter

The voltage and revolutions be balanced before operating coupling swithes.

A.When coupling propulsion motors

1.Put selector switch in No . 1 position.

2.Switch on frequency selector switches “A” and “E”

3.Switch on “S” when coupling ammeter is at zero.

4.Switch off “S”

5.Switch on “SK”

6.Return main selector switch to “off” position.

B. When coupling propulsion motors and ship s mains

After coupling propulsion motors:

1.Put selector switch in No . 2 position

2.Switch on frequency selector switches”B” and “E”

3.Switch on “S” when coupling ammeter is at zero.

4.Switch on “NK”

5.Switch off “S”

6.Return main selector switches to “off” position.

C. When coupling main generators 1.Switch on L1orL2

2. Switch off “S”

3.Return main selector to “off” position.ЗАДАНИЕ-Прочитайте,выучите .