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Snapshots of britain fact file

Flag

Royal coat of arms

Government

Parliamentary system and Constitutional monarchy

Motto

"Dieu et mon droit" (French)

"God and my right"

Legislature

Parliament

Anthem

"God Save the Queen"

Upper House

House of Lords

Capital

London

Lower House

House of Commons

Official languages

English

Area

244,820 km² (79th)

94,526 sq mi 

Recognised regional languages

Welsh, Irish, Ulster Scots, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Cornish

Population (2007)

60,975,000

Ethnic groups (2001)

92.1% White, 4.0% South Asian, 2.0% Black, 1.2% Mixed Race, 0.80% East Asian

Currency

Pound sterling

Symbols The Statue of Britannia in Plymouth

Britannia is a national personification of the United Kingdom, originating from Roman Britain. Britannia is symbolized as a young woman with brown or golden hair, wearing a Corinthian helmet and white robes. She holds Poseidon's three-pronged trident and a shield, bearing the Union Flag. Sometimes she is depicted as riding the back of a lion. At and since the height of the British Empire, Britannia has often associated with maritime dominance.

Symbols within the United Kingdom

Country

Patron saint

Flower

England

St. George

Tudor rose

Scotland

St. Andrew

Thistle

Wales

St. David

Leek/Daffodil

Northern Ireland

St. Patrick

Shamrock/Flax

Public holidays in the united kingdom

These are the public holidays observed in the countries of the United Kingdom. Workers in the United Kingdom are not automatically entitled to time off on a public holiday. Time off can be provided for in an employment agreement or by expending annual leave.

When an anniversary day that is usually a bank holiday falls on a weekend, the date of the bank holiday is postponed and declared for a following weekday. In this way, public holidays are not 'lost' on years when they coincide with weekends (which will already be a day off for many people).

England and Wales

Scotland

1 January – New Year's Day

21 March – Good Friday

24 March – Easter Monday

5 May – May Day Bank Holiday

26 May – Spring Bank Holiday (Victoria Day)

25 August – Summer Bank Holiday

25 December – Christmas Day

26 December – Boxing Day

1 January – New Year's Day

2 January – 2 January

21 March – Good Friday

5 May – May Day Bank Holiday

26 May – Spring Bank Holiday

4 August – Summer Bank Holiday

1 December – Bank Holiday in Lieu of St. Andrew's Day

25 December – Christmas Day

26 December – Boxing Day

Northern Ireland

1 January – New Year's Day

17 March – St Patrick's Day

21 March – Good Friday

24 March – Easter Monday

5 May – May Day Bank Holiday

26 May – Spring Bank Holiday

12 July – Bank Holiday in Lieu of Battle of the Boyne (Orangeman's Day)

25 August – Summer Bank Holiday

25 December – Christmas Day

26 December – Boxing Day / St. Stephen's Day

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