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Summary of the text «……..»

  1. The title of the text is ...

  • The article “ …” is written by …, a famous Belarusian scientist.

  1. The text is devoted to … / considers … / focuses on ...

  • the problem of...

  • the question of...

  • different aspects of...

  • the research of...

  1. The aim of the text (article) is...

  • to study …

  • to explain the differences between …

  • to give the general idea of ... and consider …

  • to compare … with ...

  • to criticize the major approaches to …

  • to provide the systematic coverage of...

  • to investigate the issues of...

  • to analyze pros & cons of …

  • to highlight some key features of …

  1. The key words of the text (article) are …

  1. The text (article) consists of 1(2,3,4...) passage(s), but logically it can be divided into … parts.

  1. The first (second, third...) part deals with … / is about …

  • First the author introduces us into … / defines the term … / touches upon …

  • The author goes on to explain … / to consider … / to compare …

  • The next point considered in the text is …

  • One way to understand … is ...; thus the author provides the data on …

  1. The author stresses (points out, states) the significance of…

  • The author concludes that...

  1. Summing up, it should be stressed that the text (article)

  • provides the systematic study of …

  • considers the main pros and cons of … (factors of … / classifications of … / criteria for …)

The practical implications of the text are …

The text is of interest (of use) for students of law department as far as it concerns … / explains … / provides … .

* Additional words and phrases to be used:

- firstly, to begin with, secondly, further, since, finally;

- but, still, although, however, on the one (other) hand, on the contrary, in spite of the fact that, in other words;

- of course, therefore, thus, in brief, in conclusion, to sum up, in fact, on the whole;

- as stated above, as shown, as described;

- also, in addition to, besides;

- for example, for instance, a good example of … is … .

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