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What is engineering

In general, engineering is a science that deals with design, construction and operation of structures, machines, engines and other devices. An engineer is a person who has higher technical education. An engineer should have a profound knowledge in his branch and a basic knowledge in some other fields as engineering problems are complex and interrelated. The word “engineering” has a lot of meanings and can be translated into Russian in many ways.

6.7 Match the English and Russian words and word combinations.

1.

machinery of all types

a)

изготавливать продукцию, изделия

2.

is divided into

b)

конструирование механизмов

3.

field n

c)

станки

4.

machine-tools

d)

отрасль, сфера (исследования, применения)

5.

machine design

e)

все типы механизмов

6.

to make products

f)

подразделяется на

6.8 Read the text and answer the questions. . What do mechanical engineers do? In what spheres should mechanical engineers have profound knowledge?

Mechanical engineering

Engineers in this field design, build, test and operate machinery of all types. The field is divided into:

  1. machine-tools, mechanisms, materials, hydraulics and pneumatics;

  2. work and energy, heating, ventilation and air conditioning.

A mechanical engineer must be trained in mechanics and hydraulics, metallurgy and machine design. A mechanical engineer designs not only the machines that make products but the products themselves.

6.9 Read and translate the text. Answer the questions: What do engineers design and supervise? What requirements should newly built ships meet?

Why should naval architects have profound knowledge of higher mathematics?

construction of ships

строительство судов

stability n

остойчивость

strength n

прочность

floatability n

плавучесть

reliability n

надежность

determine v

определять

shape n

форма, обводы судна

hull structure

конструкция корпуса

a ship hull

корпус судна

welding n

сварка

intended for them

предназначенную для них

principal dimensions

главные измерения

Naval engineering

Naval architects are engineers who design and supervise the construction of ships and ship repair. Ships must be designed to meet certain requirements such as stability, strength, floatability, reliability and many others in order to perform the type of work intended for them. Naval architects determine the shape and principal dimensions of the ship. They also carry out research work and develop calculating methods of strength and optimal parameters of the ship structure, noise reduction of the ship hull and machinery. Naval architects must be familiar with the variety of techniques in modern shipbuilding. They develop basic technologies; supervise welding operations and installation of equipment.

6.10 Match the English and Russian words and word combinations.

supervise

проводить исследовательскую работу

to meet requirements

основные технологии

to carry out research work

отвечать требованиям

calculating methods

наблюдать, контролировать

optimal parameters

методы вычислений

noise reduction

уменьшение шума

variety of techniques

сварочные работы

basic technologies

оптимальные величины

welding operations

установка оборудования

installation of equipment

разнообразие, множество методов, приемов

6.11 Study the words and word combinations on the text .

ship power plant

судовая силовая установка

steam turbine

паровая турбина

gas turbine

газовая турбина

diesel engine

дизельный двигатель

nuclear power plant

ядерная энергетическая установка

ship internal combustion engine

судовой двигатель внутреннего сгорания

steam generator

парогенератор

mounting n

монтаж, сборка, установка

control n

управление, контроль

fuel consumption

6.12 Read and translate the text. Write a 3-4 sentence abstract.

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