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3.Do you think it was good that the children were safe from any form of reprisal no matter who they criticized?

4.Why was that important for Mr. Florian that the children wrote about what mattered to them?

5.Do you think those Weekly Reviews were a good way to improve the children's written English in terms of spelling, construction and style?

6.Do you think it was pleasant for the teachers when their pupils commented on them?

7.Could in your opinion teachers be careless about their clothing, manners or person?

8.Why do you think the children saw no point in wasting their time and effort writing about their new teacher?

9.Why was the young teacher anxious to discover what kind of figure he cut in front of them?

10.Do you agree that books on the psychology of teaching can be of great help toyoung teachers?

11.Is it really necessary to take great pains in planning lessons?

12.Do you think the children who didn’t join the noisy treatment campaign were in sympathy with the teacher or with those who disrupted the lessons?

13.Why do you think the children used rude words in a voice loud enough for the teacher's ears?

14.How did it happen that the young teacher played into his pupils’ hands?

15.Why do you think the teacher was overcome by anger and disgust and sick at heart?

TASK 8. Match halves of the expressions given below.

 

 

Part 1

1.

to waste

 

time and effort

2.

to observe

 

one’s progress

3.

to brook

 

no interference

4.

to take

 

pains

5.

to make

 

the grade

6.

to meet

 

the needs

7.

to be reasonably

 

fair

8.

a mixture

 

of relief and disappointment

9.

to be safe

 

from reprisal

10.to follow and observe

 

one’s progress

 

 

Part 2

1.

a crude

 

remark

2.

to have no sense

 

of decency

3.

to display

 

disrespect for smb

4.

to encourage

 

one’s participation

5.

to lose

 

one’s temper

6.

to feel

 

sick at heart

7.

conspiracy

 

of indifference

 

 

118

8.

to inveigle smb

Into interest

9.

to fall

flat

10.to play

Into smb’s hands

TASK 9. Fill in the missing derivatives in the table below.

Noun

Verb

Adjective

Adverb

1

school

to school

scholarly

-----

 

 

 

scholastic

 

2

advantage

----

advantageous,

diadvantageousl

 

 

 

disadvantageous

y

3

admittance

to admit

----

admittedly

 

admission

 

 

 

4

waste

to waste

wasteful

-----

 

 

 

wasted

 

5

back

to back

back

back

 

 

 

backward

backwards

6

requirement

to require

required

------

7

reference

to refer

referable

-----

 

referee

 

 

 

8

temper

to temper

temperamental

-----

9

display

to display

---

----

10

decency

----

decent

-----

TASK 10. Fill in the gaps in the sentences below with one of the words from the table. Use the right tense-forms.

‘school’

1.Even now most scholarly journals pay nothing and you are lucky to get a fee if you talk at a conference.

2.For quite a long time scholars have attempted to discover exactly what effects television has on our young.

3.Admitted to Mills College on a full scholarship, she graduated Phi Beta Kappa without a penny of help from her parents.

4.Working-class families, by contrast, are less likely to provide an environment that encourages scholastic skills.

5.She was starting at zero as she had very poor schooling due to ill health.

6.She eased to a more comfortable position against the angle of the ground and schooled herself to wait.

‘advantage’

1.Electronically supported meetings not only solve pressing business problems but offer their own advantages.

2.The expanding region will attract capital for investment and workers will migrate from the less advantageous areas.

3.After his promotion Henry found himself in a more advantageous position.

4.Money may be deposited on terms that make early withdrawal disadvantageous.

119

‘admit’

1.The Senator's admission that he had lied to Congress shocked many Americans.

2.Admittedly, didn't get as much work done as I'd hoped this morning, but it should be finished soon.

3.Gaining admission to this prestigious club was no easy matter.

4.The young men tried to enter a nightclub but were refused admission.

‘waste’

1.The ability to produce waste in greater quantities made this system wasteful and it has given way to a more scientific process.

2.Too much waste has been dumped into the North Sea in the last 50 years.

3.Don't leave the light on – you're wasting electricity.

4.Natural waste is defined as a reduction in the number of workers because of people leaving or retiring and not because they have lost their jobs.

5.I'm sorry you've had a wasted trip. Mr. Newton isn't here.

‘back’

1.Two men were sitting in the back of the car.

‘to require’

1.The job requires a college degree and knowledge of computers.

2.The average daily food requirement for an adult is between 2000 and 3000 calories.

3.Further details will be sent on requirement.

4.All club members are required to attend the annual meeting.

‘to refer’

1.We will need references from your former employers.

2.These symptoms may be referred to virus infection rather than parasites.

3.Articles submitted to the journal are read by several referees.

‘temper’

1.Jill needs to learn to control her temper.

2.Although their love for each other was growing steadily, the emotion was tempered with suspicion.

3.Young children have very different temperaments and so the style of management of one child may not suit another.

4.Jo's car is very temperamental in the mornings. Sometimes it starts and sometimes it doesn’t.

TASK 11. Translate into English using the active vocabulary.

1 conduct, to have moral advantage, 2. to take advantage of 3. standards of requirements, to admit more students4. reluctant admission 5. wasteful people 6. in the background 7. Russian to the backbone, 8. background knowledge 9. on the back of the picture 10. to talk about smb behind smb’s back 11. backbreaking 12. to refer to one’s notes 13. to display one’s bad temper, to show one’s disrespect 14 to be on display 15. not suitable for such solemn occasion, smth more decent.

120

Навчальне видання

Варенко Тетяна Костянтинівна Кузьміна Віра Сергіївна Меркулова Тетяна Костянтинівна Набокова Ірина Юріївна

ПРАЦЮЄМО САМОСТІЙНО

Навчально-методичний посібник для самостійної роботи з англійської мови

для студентів 3 курсу факультету іноземних мов

Відповідальний за випуск: Тепляков І. В.

Коректор: МеліховаА. І.

Підписано до друку 10.03.10. Формат 60x84/16. Ум. друк. арк. 7,68 Обл.-вид. арк. 9,6 Наклад 200 прим. Ціна договірна. Папір офсетний. Друк ризографічний

61077, Харків-77, пл. Свободи 4, Видавництво Харківського національного університету імені В. Н. Каразіна

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