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2. Commercial invoices

invoice рахунок

to issue an invoice виписувати рахунок

shipping documents вантажні документи

vessel судно

port of destination порт призначення

Commercial invoices are usually issued by sellers or sellers' banks after the goods are shipped. Together with shipping documents invoices are usually sent to the buyers' bank for payment. Commercial invoices generally contain the following information:

  • number and date of the invoice

  • number and date of the contract

  • date of delivery

  • number and date of the transport document

  • description of the goods

  • price per unit

  • quantity

  • total amount to be paid

Here is a part of a specimen invoice: Invoice No R04-22 date: 27 November, 1994

Contract Reference: Contract 32-1 of 4 September, 1994

Payment terms: by letter of credit

Sold to: Petro Co., Liverpool, England

Shipped: by Hafta Co., Liverpool, England

Vessel: Alexander Pushkin

Date of shipment: 20 November, 1994

Port of shipment: Riga

Port of destination: Liverpool

Description: Chemicals ST cif Liverpool

Quantity: 5000 kgs.

Unit price: GBP 175.00 per kilo

Total amount: GBP 875, 000. 00

Currency: English Pound Sterling

Bank: United Bank, Liverpool

3. Transportation documents

to attach прикладати

to enable надавати можливисть

road carriage bill автомобільна нак­ладна

mode of transportation спосіб перевозки

consignor/shipper вантажовідправник

consignee вантажоодержувач

measurement розмір

case ящик

contents вміст

damage пошкодження

master капітан (судна)

port of loading/shipment порт навантаження

port of discharge/destination порт розвантаження

gross weight вага брутто

apparent видимий

Transportation documents are usually attached to commercial invoices as a proof of shipment which also enables the buyers to receive the goods. Transportation documents include bills of lading, air waybills, railway bills, road carriage bills and others depending on the mode of transportation used. Since sea and river shipments are considered most economical, they are most often used and bills of lading are thus most popular transportation documents.

Bills of lading usually contain the following details:

• name of consignor

• name of consignee

• name of vessel

• shipping date

• weight

• measurement

• marking

• number of cases

• contents of the cases

Sometimes, when the packing is bad or the cases are damaged, the master of the ship makes a certain note of it on the bill. It makes the bill dirty then. If no notes are made on the bill it is clean. Usually the contracts say that only clean bills of lading can be attached to the commercial invoices and thus considered a proof of shipment.

Here is a part of a specimen bill of lading: Bill of Lading No 156

Shipper: Morflot

Consignee: Petro Co., Liverpool, England

Ocean vessel: Alexander Pushkin

Port of loading: Riga

Port of discharge: Liverpool

Freight payable at: Riga

Description of goods: Chemicals ST

Gross weight: 5100 kgs

Net weight: 5000 kgs

Number of bags: 100 bags

Shipped on board in apparent good order and condition.

Place and date of issue: Riga

19 November, 1994

For the Master: Morflot

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