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Таможенное дело Брюховец-Чахоян 3 курс.doc
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12. Translate into English:

a) - У вас есть разрешение на беспошлинный ввоз оборудования?

- Нет, но мы просим вас оказать нам содействие в получении разрешения на беспошлинный ввоз.

b) - Вы приняли меры по таможенной очистке?

- Да мы подготовили необходимые документы. Наш груз не подлежит обложению таможенными пошлинами.

c) - Вы заполнили таможенную декларацию?

- Да, конечно.

- Предъявите, пожалуйста. У Вас есть вещи, ограниченные для ввоза и вывоза за границу?

- Нет, только личные вещи.

- Это необходимо указать в декларации. Напишите "не имею". Вы неправильно ответили на вопрос пункта 4. Нет, нет, поправки в декларации не разрешаются. Перепишите, пожалуйста.

13. Make up short dialogues discussing the following points:

  • 1) the formalities through which incoming/outgoing passengers must pass;

  • 2) the main points of the declaration;

  • 3) dutiable, prohibited and restricted articles.


Shipping and Forwarding1

A lot of correspondence regarding transport is between firms in the same country: for example, sellers make arrangements with forwarding agents or shipowners, while buyers frequently have to contact agents or carriers in their own country when goods are to be collected from a harbour, airport or railway station.

The seller or buyer - depending upon which party is responsible under the terms of payment for transport arrangements2 - has to know how much it will cost to deliver his goods. If he is going to deal with regular shipments between specific ports, he will know the normal freight rates and will be kept informed about the changes. But in other cases he will have to make enquiries, as in the following letters:

1. Dear Sirs,

Please quote us your freight rate for cased machinery equipment3 for shipment from Liverpool to St.Perersburg and let us know when you will be sailing to Russia during the next two months.

Yours faithfully,...

2. Dear Sirs,

We are about to make up an order for a customer in Naples, and in accordance with the terms of the letter of credit the consignment has to be shipped by 23 June at the latest.

Please inform us whether your "Italica" will be able to meet the requirements and kindly quote us a rate for the voyage.

We are looking forward to hearing from you.

Yours faithfully,...

Habitually, a shipping line issues a sailing card that gives particulars of loading and sailing dates of some cargo vessels sailing between some specific countries. If sailings are infrequent, space has to be reserved in advance.

Further you will find the possible replies to the letters 1) and 2):

1. Dear Sirs,

We have received you enquiry of..., and can advise you that our current freight rate4 for cased machinery equipment, Liverpool - St.Petersburg, is ... per metric tonne or per 10 cubic metre5.

We sail twice a week, and the whole voyage takes five days. We enclose our sailing card for "S.S. Night Star" and our shipping instruction form. We would appreciate it if you would kindly complete and return the latter as soon as possible.

Yours faithfully,...

2. Dear Sirs,

In reply to your letter of ..., we are pleased to inform you that "Italica" will be receiving cargo from 20 to 27 of June inclusive, and is expected to commence loading on 23rd. We see no reason why your goods should not be on board by this date, but suggest that the three containers should be delivered to the ship on the opening date.

We look forward to assisting you. Yours faithfully,...

If the consignor finds the rate acceptable, he will send an advice note6 to the shipowning firm or agents:

Dear Sirs,

Thank you for your letter of ... We have noted that your "S.S. Night Star" is receiving cargo for Liverpool on the 9th of this month, and are making arrangements for our equipment to be delivered to the ship.

We are enclosing your shipping instructions form, duly completed.

Yours faithfully,...

After the arrangements have been made, the senders will inform the customers that the merchandise is on the way. This type of communication is known as an advice of dispatch7, and normally the information is typed on a printed form and sent together with a cover note8.

Vocabulary Notes on the Text

1 shipping and forwarding - перевозка и экспедиторские операции.

2 transport arrangements - обязательства по транспортировке груза.

3 cased machinery equipment - крупное оборудование, упакованное в специальные ящики.

4 freight rate - фрахтовая ставка.

5 per metric tonne or per 10 cubic metres - за метрическую тонну или за 10м3.

6 an advice note - уведомление, извещение.

7 an advice of dispatch - уведомление об отгрузке.

8 a cover note - свидетельство о временной страховке груза, "ковернот".


1. Read and translate the text.

2. Translate the following words and phrases and learn their pronunciation:

machinery equipment; voyage; vessel; merchandise; harbour; freight rates; quote; particulars; shipping instructions form; dates of loading; inclusive; cubic metres; frequently; habitually; current; twice; acceptable

3. Give English equivalents of the following Russian words and expressions:

a) железнодорожная станция; регулярные поставки; фрахтовые ставки; судовое расписание; бланк-инструкция по отгрузке; экспедитор; до 27 июня включительно; дата погрузки; груз; должным образом заполненный; по открытой дате

b) договариваться о чём-л.; зарезервировать заранее место для груза; связаться с экспедитором; начать погрузку; выслать документ о временной страховке груза; сообщить о фрахтовой цене; вложить расписание (движения корабля)

4. Answer the following questions:

1) With whom should arrangements be made regarding transport?

2) How can goods be transported?

3) In what case will you know the normal freight rates?

4) What should you do if you are not informed about the changes in sailing dates?

5) What kind of letter should you send if you want to know the freight rate for the shipment of some special equipment?

6) What kind of letter should you send if you want your consignment to be shipped at the nearest possible date?

7) What is a sailing card?

8) What must you do if the sailings are infrequent?

9) What kind of letter would you receive in reply to your enquiry concerning the freight rates?

10) What kind of reply could you receive to your order of cargo shipment on a certain date?

5. Sum up the contents of the text according to the plan:

  • 1) The regular actions of customers and carriers regarding the transportation of cargo.

  • 2) Different types of enquiry letters.

  • 3) Different types of reply letters.

6. Translate the letter from the shipping agent to the exporter paying attention to the underlined words and expressions:

Dear Sirs,

We have proceeded with the shipments of your goods to Roma as requested but regret to inform you that we have encountered a problem.

It would appear that regulations governing the packing of imported goods have recently been modified. On arrival at the port of entry, local customs authorities impounded the landed cargo because the crates were not standard. The goods will be released only if they are repacked and after payment of a special fee imposed for shipments which are resubmitted for clearance.

In view of the fact that your goods must meet a strict delivery deadline we have proceeded with recrating but must warn you of the additional costs incurred.

Yours faithfully...

7. Translate the letter into English:

Уважаемые господа!

Настоящим подтверждаем получение товаров, которые мы у вас заказывали два месяца тому назад и которые были вчера доставлены на наш склад.

Количество отгруженного товара совпадает с отгрузочной накладной. Товар в отличном состоянии и отвечает нашим требованиям.

Перед тем как оформить новый заказ, мы хотели бы получить заверение, что вы сможете поставить товар в строго оговоренный срок.

Мы хотим подчеркнуть, что задержка в поставке обходится нам дорого, и полагаем, что при создавшихся условиях ваш экспедитор мог бы избежать трудностей с таможенной очисткой груза, выполнив новые правила по упаковке.

Мы также хотим подтвердить, что не готовы оплачивать расходы по хранению на таможенном складе.

С уважением...

8. Write a letter to a firm of shipping agents in Finland and ask them to quote for the collection of some cases of tools from a firm in Helsinki and the shipment of them to your nearest port.

9. As a firm of forwarding agents you have been asked to advise on the forwarding of a consignment of textile machinery parts. Write a letter and ask by what route the merchandise is to be sent; give your advice on the matter.


1. Role-play. Agree or disagree with the following statements. Give your reasons. Use these formulas:

For agreement

For disagreement:

That’s right...

Quite the opposite...


That’s wrong...


I don’t think so...

1) The order cycle while selling goods abroad is complete after a consignee has physically received the consignment.

2) Errors in documentation cost money.

3) The storage charges must be paid in full.

4) A commercial invoice is obtainable from chambers of commerce.

5) The set of shipping documents should be complete with each consignment.

6) Money not declared while going through the customs control is detained and the traveller can collect it on his way back.

7) A customs officer has no right to ask a passenger to show him personal belongings.

8) If the consignor finds the rate of freight acceptable, he will send an advice of despatch.

2. Say a few words about:

  • 1) The formalities through which incoming/outgoing passengers must pass.

  • 2) The main points of the declaration.

  • 3) Dutiable, prohibited and restricted articles.

  • 4) The set of documents necessary to declare goods.

3. Express your views on the following statements:

  • 1) There are too many articles liable to Customs duties.

  • 2) It is very convenient to make previous transport arrangements.

4. Role simulation. Make up dialogues on the topics below and act them out.

1) Your friend is going abroad by air for the first time. Explain to him the system of going through the Customs.

2) You have just returned from a business trip to England. Compare the regulations valid for the English and the Russian Customs concerning luggage and money.

3) Explain to your friends how it is necessary to fill in the customs declaration.



Transport Documentation

Every mode of transport has its own specific document which remains the same irrespective of the method of transportation. For air transport it is the air waybill, referred to as the AWB, while for sea transport it is the bill of lading shortened frequently to the B/L. For international road freight1, the consignment note2 completed by the haulier3 is the CMR note.

The bill of lading is one of the oldest documents used in international trade. Bills of lading used to be issued either by shipping lines4 or by freight forwarders5 and also by the International Federation of Freight Forwarders Association (FIATA). All Bs/L are fairly similar in appearance, the only difference is the name of the shipping line stated at the top. Details of the shipment appear in the body of the document with the space for signatures at the bottom. The reverse side is filled with the detailed description of the conditions of carriage which become important when something goes wrong.

The B/L serves to fulfil three main functions. It’s first function is to act as a receipt of goods6, as it will include full details of the number of packages at the description of the goods.

The B/L is also the contract of carriage7 between the shipper and the shipping line.The bill is completed after the ship has left the port, as only then can the shipping line complete the parts of the bill regarding the name of the vessel and the sailing date.

The third function of the B/L is as a document of title8. This means that anyone who presents the B/L can take delivery of goods.

The CMR is normally completed by the haulier and available for signature by the sender when the goods are collected. The CMR will contain all the relevant information about the load and the details of the trailer and the carrier. The first copy of the CMR remains with the sender, the second accompanies the goods and the third is retained by the carrier. Upon the charge of the goods, the consignee will be asked to sign the CMR. There is space on the CMR for the exporter (or importer) to add any information which might assist the haulier.

The air waybill is used for all airfreight; it is completed either by the airline or the airfreight forwarder who will establish the document9. Unlike the bill of lading, the air waybill is not a document of title; it acts as a consignment note. The number in the top right-hand corner is unique and is used to identify the goods at all stages of their journey as well as when they are collected by the consignee, so it is important to let your customer have the air waybill number as soon as possible.

The waybill is also used as an accounting document with charges added as the goods move through various stages of their journey.

There is one more specific export/import document, which was introduced in January 1988 and replaced many of the existing customs forms. It is called the Single Administrative Document (SAD)10 that acts as a customs declaration. The SAD is used throughout the European Community and, apart from language differences, all member states of the EC use the same form. The SAD is an eight-part document which accompanies the goods from door to door; some parts of this form are filled by the exporter, some by the freight forwarder at the time of export and other parts - by the freight forwarder handling the import.

Vocabulary Notes on the Text

1 international road freight - международные автодорожные перевозки.

2 the consignment note - транспортная накладная.

3 a haulier - владелец грузовика (трейлера).

4 a shipping line - судоходная линия.

5 a freight forwarder - транспортный агент, экспедитор.

6 a receipt of goods - грузовая квитанция.

7 the contract of carriage - контракт на перевозку.

8 a document of title - товарораспорядительный документ.

9 to establish a document - дать юридическое подтверждение документу.

10 the Single Administrative Document - Единый административный документ.

Exercises on the Text

1. Read and translate the text.

2. Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases in English:

a CMR form; a bill of lading; an air waybill; a carrier; a consignment note; a haulier; a freight forwarder; a document of title; a trailer

3. Translate into English:

автодорожная накладная; коносамент; транспортная накладная; авиагрузовая накладная; грузовая квитанция; товарораспорядительный документ; международные перевозки (2варианта); перевозчик; владелец грузовика; трейлер (автоприцеп); транспортный агент (агент по погрузке и отправке товаров); судоходная линия

4. Answer the following questions:

  • 1) What modes of transportation do you know?

  • 2) What are the specific documents for each mode of transportation?

  • 3) By whom are bills of lading issued?

  • 4) What is the only difference in their appearance?

  • 5) How should the bill of lading be filled?

  • 6) What functions does the bill of lading fulfil?

  • 7) By whom is the CMR completed?

  • 8) What information does the CMR contain?

  • 9) What is the air waybill?

  • 10) What is the function of the air waybill?

  • 11) What document was introduced in 1988?

  • 12) Where does SAD function?

  • 13) Of how many parts does SAD consist?

  • 14) By whom are the different parts of SAD filled in?

5. Sum up the contents of the text according to the plan:

  • 1) The bill of lading.

  • 2) The CMR.

  • 3) The air waybill.

  • 4) The SAD.

Vocabulary and Speech Exercises

6. Complete the following sentences using the appropriate words and word expressions from the box below:

commodity; import or export documents; penalty; the Customs; duties and taxes; restrictions; importing or exporting; Customs authorities; importable; customs regulations; for control; violation; delivered; customs clearance; customs tariff; receipts; declared; customs declaration

1) If your line of business involves__ __ __of goods, you will come into contact with the__ __. All goods must be__and presented__ __.

2) Declaring a__involves giving the Customs authorities information about the commodity, which they need in order to determine the correct__ __for the commodity. This information which includes weight, quantity, value and etc., forms the basis for calculating customs__ __ __.

3) Some goods, for example foodstuffs, clothes or flowers may be subject to__; the other types of goods, such as narcotics are not __at all. __of these regulations can result in severe__.

4) As the importer or exporter it is your responsibility to fill in a__ __and present it to__ __for__ __. When you declare goods, you submit the necessary__ __ __ __to the Customs. The goods will not be__until invoice, freight document, licences, permits and other documents demanded by the Customs and__ __have been presented.

5) Before you can sell or make use of the goods, you need__from the Customs, showing that customs duties and taxes have been paid.

7. Give English equivalents of:

сфера коммерческой деятельности; войти в контакт с кем-л.; представить на контроль; таможенные органы; таможенные сборы и пошлины; ограничения; наркотические и лекарственные средства; заполнить декларацию; лицензия; таможенная служба; ввозимый; нарушение; наказание; таможенная очистка

8. Make up questions in English to which the following Russian sentences would be the answers. Do a two-way translation, using both the statements and the questions:

1) Если вы занимаетесь экспортно-импортными операциями, вам необходим контакт с таможенной службой, поскольку весь товар должен быть задекларирован и представлен для таможенного контроля.

2) Задекларировать товар означает снабдить информацией, которая необходима таможенным органам для правильного определения таможенного тарифа.

3) Основой для исчисления таможенных сборов и пошлин являются данные о весе товара, его количестве, стоимости и т.д.

4) Под нарушением таможенных правил имеется в виду импорт товаров, ввоз которых или запрещен или строго ограничен.

5) Для того чтобы пройти таможенную очистку, необходимо заполнить декларацию и представить ее таможенным властям.

6) Вместе с декларацией таможенной службе должна быть представлена вся экспортно-импортная документация.

7) Как правило, экспортно-импортная документация включает в себя коммерческий инвойс, транспортную накладную, разного вида сертификаты, лицензии и разрешения.

8) Для того чтобы можно было торговать импортным товаром, необходимо иметь квитанцию, удостоверяющую, что все таможенные сборы и налоги уплачены.

9. Say a few words about:

  • 1) the declaring of goods;

  • 2) the violation of customs regulations;

  • 3) the export-import documentation.

10. Give a free translation of the following:

Транспортные средства (vehicles), временно ввозимые в Российскую Федерацию, должны быть вывезены за пределы Российской Федерации не позднее дня установленного таможенным органом Российской Федерации. В противном случае они должны быть либо заявлены к иному таможенному режиму (other customs regime), либо помещены на склады временного хранения

(temporary storage warehouses) владельцами которых являются таможенные органы Российской Федерации. При этом оформленные на данные транспортные средства удостоверения изымаются таможенными органами и в трехдневный срок пересылаются в таможенные органы, их выдавшие, для снятия с контроля.

При неполучении таможенным органом, который произвел оформление удостоверения, в течение 15 дней после окончания срока, на который оно было выписано, экземпляра удостоверения либо извещения об его изъятии другим таможенным органом сведения о таких транспортных средствах передаются региональному таможенному управлению (Regional Customs Department), в регионе деятельности которого расположен таможенный орган. Таможенное управление в недельный срок извещает письменно по оперативным каналам связи таможенные органы, расположенные в регионе деятельности, а также другие региональные таможенные управления и подразделения ГАИ (State automobile inspection) МВД (the Ministry of Inner Affairs) России о нарушении сроков обратного вывоза таких транспортных средств с территории Российской Федерации. Материалы на транспортные средства, ввезенные физическими лицами, постоянно проживающими на территории Российской Федерации, направляются в таможенные органы, в регионе деятельности которых проживают указанные лица постоянно, для принятия мер, предусмотренных таможенным законодательством Российской Федерации.

11. Speak on:

  • 1) The role of the Customs in importing and exporting goods.

  • 2) The problem of FEZs in the Russian Federation.


A Fresh Look At Customs Intelligence1

An Interview with the Director of the Intelligence Office2 of the U.S. Customs Service.

Interviewer: Since assuming the helm of3 Customs Intelligence last year, what is your perception of the role of the Office of Intelligence within the Customs?

Director: I see the role of the Office of Intelligence as providing national guidance4 and functional direction while the field intelligence managers5 provide direct management.

Interviewer: What are some of your long-term objectives for the Office of Intelligence?

Director: The most important long-term objective is to develop our analysts, through training, as experts in specific subjects. These experts would have deep knowledge not only of the intelligence process, but also of the particular Customs program - drugs, fraud, technology transfer, etc.

Interviewer: Since your appointment as the Director of Intelligence, has the Intellegence Program made any impact on the Customs enforcement mission6?

Director: Intelligence is totally integrated into the Customs enforcement mission. The following example of this integration comes immediately to mind. The Intelligence Operations Centre7 received the information that the vessel "RIO" had departed from Colombia for Belgium with cocaine hidden in a shipment of bananas. The Resident Agent in Charge confirmed the information and the vessel was placed on lookout8 in the TECS9. Intelligence analysts noticed similarities in modus operandi10 with another vessel also reported to be smuggling cocaine. After a thorough research and analysis, information emerged which described a possible technique that the smuggling organisation would use. Intelligence reported the information to the Customs Attache in Paris, who then passed it to the Belgian Customs. On July 25 the Belgian Customs inspected "RIO"and discovered 75 kilograms of cocaine secreted in ashipment of bananas.

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