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The nature of English

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The nature of English-speaking countries

Handout 1

continent

area

capital

population

inhabitant

indigenous

border (to border on)

to be washed by

to locate (to be located in)

hemisphere

strait

mountain range

peak

Handout 2

Give the corresponding words for the following definitions.

  1. … - a person who lives in a town or country

  2. … - situate in a particular place

  3. … - a person born in a specified place or associated with a place by birth

  4. … - a line separating two countries

  5. … - a narrow passage of water connecting two seas

  6. … - a chain of mountains

  7. … - one of the earth's large land masses (Asia, Australia, Africa, Europe, North and South America, and Antarctica)

  8. … - a region or part of a town, a country, or the world

  9. … - all the persons inhabiting a country, city, or other specified place

  10. … - a half of a sphere (the earth)

  11. … - the pointed top of a mountain

  12. … - the most important city or town of a country or region, usually its seat of government and administrative center

Handout 3 Fact file

The UK

The USA

Canada

Australia

New Zealand

Official name of the country

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

the United States of America

Canada is a country in North America.

the Commonwealth of Australia

New Zealand

Capital city

London

Washington

Ottawa

Canberra

Well­ington

Large cities

Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Perth

New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Philadelpia

Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver

Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth

are Auckland, Well­ington, Christchurch, Dunedin, Nelson.

Borders

Republic of Ireland

Canada to the north, and Mexico to the south.

USA

Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea 

New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga.

Washed by seas and oceans

Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, English Channel, and the Irish Sea.

Atlantic Ocean. Pacific Ocean

Pacific Ocean. Atlantic Ocean. Arctic Ocean

The total area

243,610 square kilometers

more than 3.5 million square miles

At 9.98 million square kilometers in total

The area of this country is 7,687,000 square kilometers.

The total land area is around 270 550 square kilometres

Population

The total population of the United Kingdom is around 63,182,000

The population is 317 million people

The population of Canada is about 25 million people

Nearly 20 million people live in Australia.

The total population of New Zealand is 4.5.

Inhabitants

Mountains

Pennine

The Appalachians

The Cordillera region

Kimbеrley. Hamerslay

Southern Alps.

The highest peak

Ben Nevis

Alaska's Mount McKinley

Logan. Mount McKinley (Denali).

Kosciusko

Cook

Rivers

Thames

Colorado, Columbia, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio and the Rio Grande. 

the Great Bear Lake, the Great Slave Lake and the Great Lakes District. The largest rivers are the Nelson, the Ottawa, the Mackenzie and the Yukon.

Murray. Darling

Clutha Waikato.

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