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The Oxford Thesaurus - An A-Z Dictionary Of Synonyms

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outlet n. 1 way out, exit, egress, loophole, relief, escape, escape hatch, vent, opening, release, safety-valve, discharge: There seemed to be no outlet for his anger but to throw the cushion at her. The main outlet of the Great Lakes is the St Lawrence river. 2 retailer, shop, store, market: The company is having difficulty finding outlets that will stock its products.

outline n. 1 profile, silhouette, contour, periphery, boundary, footprint: This outline is of the desk area occupied by the keyboard and monitor. 2 pr‚cis, synopsis, r‚sum‚, summary, digest, abstract, conspectus, survey, overview, run-down, recapitulation, review, (thumbnail) sketch, skeleton, (overall) plan, layout, framework, draft, scenario: O'Brien presented an outline of what his company planned to do after the take-over.

--v. 3 trace, draft, sketch, rough out, profile, block (out), plan (out), lay out, define, delineate: None of the divers was particularly enthusiastic about the procedure outlined for bringing up the wreckage.

outlook n. 1 view, position, point of view, viewpoint, prospect, perspective, slant, angle, standpoint, attitude, opinion: His outlook on the situation in the Middle East is bound to be somewhat biased. 2 prospect, forecast, expectation(s): What is the outlook for the value of the pound sterling over the next year?

outlying adj. distant, far-off, far-flung, outer, outermost, out-of-the-way, remote, far-away, peripheral, furthest or farthest: In those days it took weeks for the news to reach the outlying parts of the empire.


adj. 1 untravelled, unfrequented, isolated, lonely, outlying, obscure, hidden, secluded, inaccessible: She now lives in some out-of-the-way village in the Himalayas. 2 unusual, odd, peculiar, extraordinary, far-fetched, remarkable, outr‚, exceptional, outlandish, strange, rare, uncommon, exotic, unheard-of, unconventional, queer, weird, bizarre: His latest book is a treatise on some out-of-the-way subject.


n. effusion, outflow, flow, outburst, flood, deluge, torrent, spate, emanation, spouting, spurt, gushing, efflux, effluence, outrush, tide, cascade, cataract, Niagara, Technical debouchment: We scarcely expected such an outpouring of grief at her death. This writing appears to reflect the outpourings

of his soul.

output n. 1 production, result, yield, crop, harvest: Nobody was quite ready for such a massive output. 2 productivity, achievement, efficiency: Job insecurity has diminished her output.

--v. 3 put out, produce, generate, create, manufacture, yield, achieve: Our new laser printer outputs about ten pages a minute.

outrage n. 1 violence, atrocity, inhumanity, barbarism, enormity, evil, barbarity, savagery, brutality, malignity, malefaction, wrongdoing, evil-doing, maltreatment, abuse, cruelty, injury, harm, damage: Wherever there is war there is misery and outrage. 2 resentment, affront, bitterness, indignation, hurt, shock, anger, wrath, ire: The minister felt outrage at being given a parking ticket. 3 insult, indignity, slight:

Contributors to the charity considered it an outrage that the fund-raisers should keep so much of the money.

--v. 4 offend, insult, affront, vex, displease, distress, nettle, chafe, infuriate, anger, enrage, madden, make one's

blood boil, raise (someone's) hackles, rile: He was outraged to discover that the wretch had proposed to his daughter. 5 violate, desecrate, defile, do violence to, injure, harm, abuse, damage: Such deeds outrage human feelings. 6 rape, violate, ravage, ravish, deflower, attack: He seized the unhappy girl and outraged her.


adj. 1 excessive, extravagant, immoderate, exorbitant, enormous, unreasonable, preposterous, shocking, extreme, unwarranted, exaggerated, unconscionable, inordinate, intolerable, disgraceful, shameful, scandalous: The prices at that restaurant are absolutely outrageous. 2 vicious, cruel, heinous, atrocious, barbaric, inhuman, abusive, beastly, horrible, horrid, horrendous, iniquitous, villainous, wicked,

evil, egregious, flagrant, grievous, infamous, execrable, abominable, grisly, hideous, monstrous, vile, unthinkable, foul, awful, unspeakable, appalling, offensive, indecent: The captives suffered the most outrageous treatment at the hands of their conquerors. 3 indecent, offensive, immoral, rude, indelicate, obnoxious, profane, obscene, dirty, filthy, lewd, salacious, foul, smutty, scatological, pornographic, objectionable, repellent, repulsive, nauseating, nauseous, nasty, gross, revolting, shocking, repugnant, disgusting, fulsome, perverted, depraved, dissolute, degenerate, dissipated, debauched, profligate; explicit, unrestrained; foul-mouthed, thersitical, insulting; unseemly, inappropriate, indecorous,

improper, naughty, appalling, embarrassing; Literary Fescennine, US shy-making: The sermon denounced the outrageous films, books, magazines, and television programmes to which children are exposed. Warren sometimes says the most outrageous things.

outr‚ adj. unconventional, unusual, extravagant, bizarre, weird, strange, odd, peculiar, grotesque, outlandish, freakish, out-of-the-way: The attention of the media was turned upon the singer's outr‚ behaviour on stage.

outright adj. 1 unqualified, total, unreserved, unrestricted, full, complete, unconditional, unequivocal, clear, direct, definite, unmistakable or unmistakeable: The duke is the outright owner of the property. 2 undisguised, unmitigated, utter, consummate, pure, out-and-out, all-out, sheer, absolute, stark, bald,

thorough, arrant, thoroughgoing, through-and-through, downright, direct, definite, unmistakable or unmistakeable: Her outright refusal to provide further help was met with dismay.

--adv. 3 directly, at once, immediately, instantaneously, instantly, then and there or there and then, straight or right away, on the spot, right off: One passenger was killed outright, the other died later in hospital. 4 completely, entirely, exactly, precisely, totally, in toto, utterly, baldly, starkly, consummately, purely, thoroughly, directly, unhesitatingly, quite, absolutely, explicitly, categorically, straightforwardly, plainly, openly, forthrightly, unequivocally, unambiguously, candidly: I wish that Henry wasn't so reticent and would say outright what he means. 5 unrestrictedly,

unqualifiedly, unreservedly, unconditionally: The duke owns the property outright.


n. beginning, start, inauguration, inception, first, Colloq

kick-off: Had you let them know who you were at the outset,

this wouldn't have happened.


n. 1 exterior, face, facing, shell, skin, case, casing,

surface, front; fa‡ade: What is that on the outside of the box? The outside of the house is painted white. 2 aspect, appearance, look, demeanour, face, front, fa‡ade, mien, mask, disguise, false front, pretence: One cannot tell what people are really like from the outside they present to the world. 3 extreme, limit, most, maximum, utmost, best, worst, longest: At the outside, you shouldn't pay more than half your income for housing. I'll wait for her for an hour at the outside. 4 the

world at large: We had to bring in someone from the outside to complete the work.

--adj. 5 exterior, external, out of doors, outdoor: They have added an outside swimming-pool to the house. 6 maximum, maximal, highest, best, worst, greatest, most, largest, longest, furthest or farthest: What was their outside estimate for replacing the roof? The outside time for driving here from London is about an hour. 7 private, home, cottage, secondary, peripheral, independent, freelance: Her outside job pays more than her regular work. 8 unlikely, remote, faint, Colloq slim: He has an outside chance of beating the world record. 9 foreign, alien, outward; unconnected, excluded, uninvolved, disinvolved, independent, separate, different: I'm worried that Phil might be subject to outside influences. An outside contractor is doing the work.

--adv. 10 outdoors, out of doors: Perhaps you'd like to step outside to discuss the matter further?

outsider n. non-member, non-initiate, foreigner, alien, outlander, stranger, newcomer, guest, visitor, trespasser, interloper, intruder, squatter, invader, Colloq gatecrasher: The others always treated Peter as an outsider. Why do I feel an outsider in my own home?

outskirts n.pl. periphery, edge, environs, outer reaches, vicinity, border(s), suburb(s), exurb(s), general area or neighbourhood, purlieus, fringes, vicinage, faubourg(s): The university is on

the outskirts of the city.

outsmart v. outwit, outfox, out-think, outmanoeuvre, outmanipulate, outplay, steal a march on, get the better or best of, trick,

dupe, hoodwink, fool, deceive, hoax, gull, make a fool of; swindle, cheat, defraud, cozen, Colloq put one over on, pull a fast one on, take in, make a monkey (out) of, bamboozle, con, Brit nobble, Slang slip or put one or something over on (someone): 'I have been outsmarted by bigger fools than you!', Mr White shouted.

outspoken adj. candid, frank, open, free, direct, unreserved, unreticent, straightforward, forthright, explicit, specific, plain-spoken, plain-speaking, unequivocal, unceremonious, unambiguous, unsubtle, uninhibited, unshrinking, blunt, bold, brusque, brash, undiplomatic, tactless, crude: Linda was always quite outspoken in her opinions of her neighbours. Her outspoken observations are a fruitful source of gossip.


adj. 1 prominent, eminent, renowned, famous, famed, unforgettable, memorable, celebrated, distinguished, special, choice, noteworthy, notable, noted, important, conspicuous, exceptional, excellent, superior, first-class, first-rate, superb, remarkable, extraordinary, marvellous, sensational, Colloq smashing, super: Liszt was the outstanding pianist-composer of his time. 2 unsettled, on-going,

unresolved, unpaid, due, owed or owing, receivable or payable; remaining, leftover: The company has a few outstanding debts.

outstrip v. overcome, surpass, outdo, outperform, outshine, outclass, better, beat, transcend, best, worst, exceed, excel,

outdistance, overtake, top, cap, put in the shade, eclipse: Bannister again outstripped everyone in the race.

outward adj. external, exterior, outer, outside, outlying, manifest, obvious, evident, apparent, visible, observable; superficial, surface, extrinsic, skin-deep, shallow, pretended, false, ostensible, formal, physical, bodily, fleshly, carnal, mundane, worldly, secular, temporal, terrestrial, material, non-spiritual: She gave every outward sign of being the

bereaved widow. Whatever outward trappings money may buy, A man's true wealth lies deep inside.

outwardly adv. externally, apparently, visibly, superficially, ostensibly, evidently, seemingly, on the surface, to all appearances, to all intents and purposes: Though the town was outwardly quiet, we had a feeling of ominous foreboding.

outwards adv. outward, outside, away, out, without: The towns of the early twentieth century centred on the railway station and radiated outwards.

outweigh v. overcome, outbalance, overbalance, overweigh, tip the scales, preponderate (over), surpass, prevail (over), override, take precedence (over), compensate (for), make up for: His feeling for his wife outweighed all else in his life.

outwit v. See outsmart, above.

15.18 oval...



adj. egg-shaped, ovoid, ovate, oviform, obovoid, obovate;

elliptical, ellipsoid(al): His mother's picture hung in an oval

frame over the mantel.


n. applause, acclamation, acclaim, plaudits, cheers, cheering,

clapping, laudation, praise, kudos, Colloq (big) hand: At the


conclusion of the concerto, the pianist was given a standing




prep. 1 above, on, upon, on top of, atop (of): She spread a


tarpaulin over the boat to protect it. 2 more than, greater


than, upwards or upward of, in excess of, (over and) above,


(over and) beyond; exceeding: Of the 2000 people questioned in


our survey, over half said they think prunes are funny. The


thieves took over œ50,000-worth of paintings. 3 across, to or


from or on the other side of; beyond: The children crossed over


the river to play in the woods on the other side. 4 for, during,


in or over or during the course of, through, throughout: Over


the next week she will be working in the Paris office. 5 (all)


through, throughout, (all) about, all over: We travelled over


the entire country in the course of our holiday. Have you gone


over the manuscript I left with you?

--adj. 6 done (with), finished, terminated, concluded, ended, past, settled, closed, at an end, over with: I'm afraid it's

all over between us, Carrie.

--adv. 7 to, onto, past, beyond, across: This room looks out over the sea. 8 remaining, as a remainder, as surplus, outstanding: When we finished eating, there wasn't much left over. 9 (once) again, once more, one more time: This pot will have to be cleaned over again. 10 down, to the ground or floor: You almost knocked over the lamp.

overall adj. total, complete, comprehensive, all-inclusive, inclusive, whole, entire, all-embracing, blanket: The overall cost, including materials and labour, came to more than I had expected.

overawe v. overwhelm, intimidate, cow, daunt, awe, bully, hector, browbeat, dominate, domineer, frighten, scare, terrify, disconcert, discomfit, upset, abash: The children were overawed by their father's slightest sign of displeasure.


adj. repressive, domineering, bullying, imperious, officious, high and mighty, high-handed, overweening, magisterial, lordly, authoritarian, wilful, despotic, dogmatic, autocratic,

tyrannical, dictatorial, peremptory, arbitrary, assertive, arrogant, cavalier, haughty, superior, supercilious, pretentious, Colloq bossy, pushy, hoity-toity, highfalutin or hifalutin, snooty, Slang snotty: His temper was harsh and severe, his manner haughty and overbearing.

overcast adj. cloudy, clouded, sunless, moonless, starless, murky, grey, louring or lowering, dull, dark, darkened, dreary, sombre, gloomy, dismal, threatening, menacing: The sky was overcast this morning, but the sun is now beginning to shine through.

overcome v. 1 beat, defeat, conquer, overpower, subdue, worst, best, triumph over, win (out) (over), prevail (over), overthrow, overwhelm, vanquish, get the better or best of, whip, drub, rout, break, subjugate, suppress, crush, master, Colloq lick:

If we do not overcome these temptations, they will overcome us. The superior force easily overcame the tiny group of defenders.

--adj. 2 beaten, defeated, overwhelmed, subdued, worsted, bested; affected, speechless, swept off one's feet, rendered helpless, overpowered, moved, influenced, at a loss (for words), Colloq bowled over: The victim's parents were overcome with grief when the casualty list was published. Colin was too overcome to speak at the award presentation.


adj. 1 brash, arrogant, cocksure, cocky, brazen, hubristic, swaggering, audacious, overbearing, vainglorious, Colloq pushy: It is harmful for a sportsman's morale to be overconfident of winning. 2 heedless, foolhardy, thoughtless, short-sighted, hasty: Rock-climbers should not be overconfident and rely entirely on their ropes.


adj. supercritical, hypercritical, captious, carping, niggling, cavilling, querulous, fault-finding, finicky, fussy, hair-splitting, difficult, fastidious, harsh, severe, demanding,

exacting, small, small-minded, US and Canadian picayune, Colloq picky, nit-picking, pernickety or US also persnickety: You should not be overcritical of Maddy - she's only a child.


adj. jammed, packed, congested, populous, over-populous, jam-packed, overpopulated; swarming, crawling, choked, packed to the gunwales: The planet is becoming overcrowded. We squeezed into an already overcrowded train.

overdo v. 1 carry to excess, overindulge, be intemperate, go or carry to extremes, overact, exaggerate, carry or go too far,

overreach, not know when to stop, paint the lily, gild refined gold, out-Herod Herod, Colloq go overboard, do to death, lay it on thick, lay it on with a trowel; go off the deep end:

Exercise a little judgement and try not to overdo it. 2 overwork, do too much, overtax, exhaust, fatigue, overload, overburden, Colloq bite off more than one can chew, burn the candle at both ends: Don't overdo it or you'll feel the results tomorrow.

overdue adj. late, tardy, behindhand, behind, unpunctual, belated, US past due: As it is now December, payment is long overdue. I've

got an overdue library book to return.

overeat v. gorge, binge, gormandize, stuff oneself, overindulge, guzzle, feast, wolf down, overfeed, do the gavage, Colloq pack away, Brit pig, US pig out: People not only overeat but they tend to eat the wrong foods.

overgrown adj. covered, overrun, overspread, luxuriant, weedy, abundant: The walls are all overgrown with ivy.

overhang v. 1 jut (out), beetle, bulge (out), project (out), protrude, stick out, loom (out), extend (out), hang (out) over: The balcony overhangs the sea. 2 impend, threaten, menace, imperil, loom: His life was overhung by the threat of blackmail.

--n. 3 ledge, projection, bulge, protrusion, extension: A swallow nested under the overhang of the roof.

overhaul v. 1 overtake, pass, gain on or upon, draw ahead of, catch up with, get ahead of, outstrip, outdistance, leave behind, lap:

We overhauled the ketch and were beginning to close on the yawl when the squall hit us. 2 renovate, refurbish, recondition,

rebuild, restore, repair, service, adjust, patch (up), mend, fix (up): The car engine needs to be thoroughly overhauled.

--n. 3 reconditioning, overhauling, refurbishing, rebuilding, renovation, servicing, adjustment, mending, fixing (up): The overhaul of the die-stamping machine will require two months to complete.

overhead adv. 1 (up) above, (up) in the air or sky, high up, on high, aloft, skyward: The aeroplanes passed overhead at dawn.

--adj. 2 elevated, raised, upper: The crane travels on an overhead track.

--n. 3 Brit overheads, US overhead. (basic or fixed) costs, operating cost(s), expense(s), outlay, disbursement(s), running cost(s), expenditure(s), maintenance, cost(s) of doing business: One way to increase profits is by reducing overheads.

overjoyed adj. delighted, ecstatic, elated, happy, rapturous, euphoric, jubilant, thrilled, cock-a-hoop, transported, Colloq tickled

pink, in seventh heaven, on cloud nine, Brit over the moon: We were overjoyed to hear your news and to receive the invitation to your wedding.

overlap v. 1 lap (over), overlie, overlay, shingle, Technical imbricate, strobilate: Note how the upper tiles overlap the lower to keep the rain out. 2 coincide, correspond, intersect: Our work shifts overlap by four hours.

--n. 3 lap, flap, overlay, fly (front) or Brit flies, imbrication: The overlap conceals the buttons that close the skirt on the side.

overload v. 1 weigh down, burden, overburden, load (up), overtax, saddle with, tax, strain, impede, handicap, oppress, encumber, cumber, overcharge: They overloaded me with so much work that I'll

never finish.

--n. 2 surcharge, overcharge, overburden, dead weight, oppression, handicap, tax, load, encumbrance, impediment, hindrance: We had to hire extra people at Christmas to help deal with the overload.

overlook v. 1 miss, slip up on, omit, neglect, slight, disregard, fail to notice, ignore, pass over, leave out, forget, Colloq pass up: You overlooked an error on the first page. 2 blink at, wink at, let go (by), let pass, let ride, turn a blind eye to, shut

(one's) eyes to, pretend not to notice, take no notice of, ignore, disregard, forgive, pardon, excuse, permit, allow, forget about, write off, condone, make allowances (for), let

bygones be bygones, gloss over: I shall overlook your slowness if you will work late to compensate for it. 3 front on (to),

face, give upon, command or afford a view of, look out on or over, have as a vista or view: My room overlooks the lake.

overly adv. excessively, too, exceedingly, immoderately, disproportionately, unduly, inordinately, extraordinarily, very, Colloq damned: She seemed overly anxious for us to leave.

overpower v. 1 overcome, overwhelm, beat, vanquish, conquer, defeat, crush, put down, worst, best, prevail, master, quell, subdue, subjugate: The thugs easily overpowered the elderly couple and took their money. 2 overcome, overwhelm, dumbfound or dumfound,

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