Добавил:
Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:

Oxford Thesaurus - An A-Z Dictionary Of Synonyms

.pdf
Скачиваний:
214
Добавлен:
10.08.2013
Размер:
3.79 Mб
Скачать

to arrive five minutes apart. 23 schedule, set, organize, adjust, fix: She timed her entrance to coincide exactly with the crash of the cymbals.

time-honoured

adj. established, traditional, habitual, customary, rooted, conventional, age-old, set, fixed; venerable, venerated, respected, revered, honoured: We observed the time-honoured custom of kissing the Blarney Stone.

timeless adj. eternal, everlasting, immortal, undying, endless, unending, ceaseless, abiding, deathless, ageless, changeless,

unchanged, immutable, unchanging, permanent, indestructible: He was enraptured by the timeless beauty of the heavens.

timely adj. punctual, prompt, well-timed, propitious, opportune, convenient, favourable, auspicious: We welcomed the timely arrival of our rescuers.

time-serving

adj. self-seeking, self-serving, selfish, self-indulgent, ambitious, mercenary, venal, greedy, profit-oriented, fortune-hunting, gold-digging, opportunistic, hypocritical, obsequious, sycophantic, toadying, toad-eating, boot-licking, subservient, Colloq on the make, on the take, Slang US out for

numero uno, Taboo slang brown-nosing: Members of the party were known to be time-serving and untrustworthy.

timetable n. schedule, calendar, curriculum, programme, agenda, Chiefly Brit diary: My timetable doesn't allow for long lunches.

time-worn adj. ageing, old, tired, worn, time-scarred, decrepit, dilapidated, tumbledown, ramshackle, run-down, dog-eared, ragged, moth-eaten, threadbare, seedy, shabby, archaic, antique, well-worn, worn out, pass‚, broken-down, old-fashioned, out-dated, dated, antiquated, ancient, obsolescent, obsolete, stereotyped, stereotypic(al), hackneyed, stale, trite, overused, Colloq old hat: She went into her time-worn routine about two living as cheaply as one.

timid adj. shy, retiring, modest, coy, bashful, diffident, timorous, fearful, apprehensive, mousy, scared, frightened, nervous, cowardly, pusillanimous, craven, Colloq chicken-hearted, yellow,

 

yellow-bellied, chicken, chicken-livered, lily-livered, gutless:

 

I knew this strapping marine when he was a timid little boy.

tinker

v. trifle, dabble, meddle, mess (around or about), toy, fool or

 

play (around or about), Brit potter or US putter (about or

 

around), Colloq fiddle or monkey or muck (about or around):

 

Graham has always enjoyed tinkering with engines.

tinny

adj. 1 shabby, flimsy, flimsily or poorly made, shoddy,

 

inferior, cheap, tawdry: He bought himself a tinny old

 

rattletrap of a car. 2 metallic, harsh, twangy: She plays that

 

tinny old trumpet day and night.

tint

n. 1 tincture, wash, hue, colour, cast; tinge, touch, hint,

 

trace, dash, colouring, shade, tone, suggestion: In the west a

 

tint of pink lingered in the sky. I thought I detected a tint of

 

anger in his voice. 2 dye, rinse, wash, stain, tincture,

 

colourant, colouring, touch-up: What's the harm in granny's

 

using blue hair tint?

 

--v. 3 dye, stain, colour, rinse, tinge, touch up: Sandra

 

tints her hair to give it a coppery sheen. 4 tinge, colour,

 

influence, affect, taint, stain: A deep pessimism tints all his

 

writing.

tiny

adj. microscopic, infinitesimal, minute, minuscule, diminutive,

 

wee, small, little, miniature, micro, mini, pocket,

 

pocket-sized, bantam, pygmy or pigmy, midget, Lilliputian,

 

petite, delicate, dainty, elfin, slight, insignificant,

 

negligible, trifling, paltry, inconsequential, puny, Colloq

 

pint-sized, teeny, teeny-weeny, teensy-weensy, itty-bitty,

 

itsy-bitsy: She wore the tiniest bikini I had ever seen. When I

 

saw them together I realized how tiny she is. Forgetting my

 

birthday was only a tiny thing.

tip°

n. 1 end, extremity, peak, apex, summit, vertex, cap, top,

 

pinnacle, tiptop, crown, head, terminal, ferrule or ferule,

 

finial, nib or neb, point: The tip of the mountain showed above

 

the clouds. He broke off the tip of the billiard cue.

 

--v. 2 top, cap, crown, surmount: The foil is tipped with a

 

rubber button to prevent injury.

tipý

v. 1 Often, tip over. upset, overthrow, knock or cast or throw

 

down, up-end, knock over, overturn, topple (over), capsize: His

 

elbow tipped the lamp, which fell with a crash. 2 slant, lean,

 

incline, slant, tilt, cant: The statue is tipped a bit off the

 

vertical. 3 empty, unload, dump, deposit, Slang Brit ditch:

 

They tipped their load of gravel all over my driveway.

 

--n. 4 (rubbish or US garbage) dump, rubbish or refuse or trash

 

heap, dumping-ground: This old chair belongs in the tip.

tip°

n. 1 gratuity, baksheesh, pourboire, douceur, lagniappe or

 

lagnappe, present, gift, Colloq little something: That waiter

 

didn't deserve a tip. 2 tip-off, (inside) information, warning,

 

advice, suggestion, clue, hint, pointer, forecast, prediction,

 

Colloq Brit gen: Louie had a tip that the police were coming.

 

Her tip was 'Flapdoodle' to win the fifth race.

 

--v. 3 reward: Why did you tip the barmaid? 4 Usually, tip

 

off. advise, warn, caution, alert, forewarn, notify, let

 

(someone) know, Colloq let (someone) in on: The thieves were

 

tipped off and never arrived.

tirade

n. declamation, harangue, diatribe, philippic, outburst,

 

onslaught, screed, jeremiad, denunciation, stream of abuse,

 

invective: He let loose with such a vituperative tirade that I

 

walked out.

tire

v. 1 weary, tire out, fatigue, exhaust, wear out, drain, sap,

 

enervate, drain, wear out, debilitate, weaken, Colloq take it

 

out of, fag (out), take it out of: The long climb tired me. 2

 

bore, exasperate, weary, irk, irritate, annoy, bother: I wish

 

you wouldn't tire me with your accounts of your shopping

 

expeditions.

tired

adj. 1 exhausted, tired out, worn out, weary, fatigued, spent,

 

drained, Colloq all in, (dead) beat, knocked out, fagged (out),

 

dog-tired, ready to drop, dead tired, done in, Brit knackered,

 

whacked, US bushed, pooped, wiped out: I was really tired after

 

that ten-hour flight. 2 Usually, tired of. bored with,

 

exasperated by, weary of, irked or irritated or annoyed or

 

bothered by, sick (and tired) of, Colloq fed up (to here) with:

 

Perhaps she's tired of your constant nagging. 3 overworked,

 

overused, clich‚d, stereotyped, stereotypic(al), hackneyed,

unimaginative, trite, stale, worn out, unoriginal, commonplace, Colloq bromidic: The gossip columns are filled with the same old tired rubbish day after day.

tireless adj. energetic, vital, vigorous, dynamic, spirited, lively, indefatigable, hardworking, industrious, untiring, unflagging, unfaltering, unfailing, persistent, dogged, tenacious, pertinacious, persevering, staunch, sedulous, unwavering, unswerving, undeviating, steady, steadfast, resolute, determined: We all appreciate the honorary secretary's tireless efforts on behalf of our fund-raising this year.

tiresome adj. 1 boring, dull, fatiguing, humdrum, monotonous, flat, tedious, wearisome, tiring, uninteresting, insipid, bland, dry-as-dust, fatiguing, soporific, hypnotic: Ibsen wrote plays that actors love and audiences find tiresome. 2 irritating, irksome, vexing, vexatious, annoying, bothersome, exasperating, trying, disagreeable, troublesome, unpleasant: I wish she would take her tiresome problems elsewhere.

tissue

n. fabric, network, web, interweaving, combination, chain,

 

series, accumulation, conglomeration, concatenation, pile, mass,

 

pack: Their entire testimony was a tissue of lies.

titbit

n. delicacy, (dainty) morsel, treat, choice item, bonne bouche,

 

US tidbit, Colloq goody: Sally likes to steal little titbits

 

off my plate. I heard a juicy titbit of gossip this morning.

title

n. 1 name: You cannot tell much from a book's title. 2

 

designation, appellation, epithet: Aubrey is now an earl, but

 

he rarely uses his title. 3 caption, inscription, headline,

 

head, subtitle, legend, subhead, rubric: The title on this

 

picture has nothing to do with its subject. 4 championship,

 

crown: He holds the world heavyweight boxing title. 5 right,

 

interest, privilege, entitlement, ownership, possession, tenure;

 

(title-)deed, documentation of ownership: My aunt has sole

 

title to these lands.

 

--v. 6 name, call, designate, style, label, term, entitle,

 

christen, baptize, nickname, denominate, tag, dub: Harold was

 

titled King of the Revels.

titter v. 1 chuckle, snicker, chortle, giggle; snigger: He told the

most awful jokes at which his staff would titter politely.

--n. 2 chuckle, snicker, giggle, (suppressed) laughter, chortle, snigger: A titter ran through the audience.

titular adj. nominal, so-called, so-designated, so-styled, self-styled, soi-disant, token, putative, theoretical: He may be the titular head of the company, but his brother is really the boss.

20.5 toast...

=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-

toast n. 1 tribute, pledge, salutation(s), greeting(s), felicitations, honour, good wishes, appreciation,

remembrance(s), cheers: The speaker proposed a toast to the editor-in-chief. 2 heroine, hero, favourite, darling, idol: Jenny was the toast of the town.

--v. 3 pay tribute to, salute, drink to, honour, greet, congratulate, felicitate: We toasted our fallen comrades.

toilet n. 1 (water) closet, WC, men's (room), ladies' (room), (public) convenience, facility or facilities, washroom, bathroom, lavatory, privy, outhouse, urinal, (in France) pissoir, vespasienne; Nautical head, Chiefly military latrine, Chiefly US rest room, New England necessary, Colloq the Gents, the Ladies('), powder-room, little girls' room, little boys' room,

Brit loo, smallest room (in the house), Military ablutions,

Slang Brit bog, karzy, US and Canadian john, can, crapper: They excused themselves to go to the toilet. 2 Formal or literary grooming, dressing, making up, Brit toilette: She was still at

her toilet when we arrived.

toilsome adj. arduous, laborious, tough, hard, difficult, strenuous, burdensome, onerous, back-breaking, exhausting, fatiguing, tiring, enervating, wearying, draining: After a toilsome ascent we finally reached the first camp.

token n. 1 coin, disc: You need to buy a token to get through the turnstile. 2 symbol, sign, mark, marker, badge, emblem, indication, proof, evidence: The purple trim on a Roman toga was a token of its wearer's elevated status. 3 souvenir,

memento, keepsake, reminder, remembrance, Archaic remembrancer: The miniature Statue of Liberty and Eiffel Tower are tokens of

our trips abroad.

--adj. 4 symbolic, emblematic, representative: The panel was made up of three men and a token woman. 5 superficial, cosmetic, surface, perfunctory, minimal, slight, nominal: We encountered only token resistance when taking over the communications centre.

tolerable adj. 1 bearable, supportable, allowable, endurable, acceptable, sufferable: The heat and humidity are barely tolerable. 2 acceptable, unexceptional, common, fair, common-or-garden variety, middling, ordinary, average, so so, mediocre, adequate, run-of-the-mill, passable, indifferent, Colloq OK or okay, not (too) bad, pretty or fairly good: They serve a tolerable lunch

in the hotel bar.

tolerance n. 1 open-mindedness, toleration, forbearance, broad-mindedness, permissiveness, magnanimity, indulgence, sufferance, patience, freedom from bigotry or prejudice: You must exercise more tolerance in dealing with people who are poorer than you. 2 play, clearance, allowance, variation: The tolerance between these parts is less than a ten-thousandth of a millimetre. 3 toleration, resistance, endurance, imperviousness; immunity, insensitivity: His tolerance of the outrages of stupidity seems limitless. She has a low tolerance for sugar.

tolerant adj. open-minded, objective, forbearing, unprejudiced, unbigoted, dispassionate, broad-minded, indulgent, magnanimous, patient, generous, charitable, catholic, latitudinarian,

permissive, liberal, big-hearted, fair, even-handed, considerate: I am more tolerant of people than of their ideas.

tolerate v. 1 stand (for), allow, permit, bear, suffer, brook, countenance, abide, admit, indulge, concede, sanction, swallow, stomach, turn a blind eye to, Colloq put up with, Brit stick:

The teacher refused to tolerate any more misbehaviour. 2 bear, stand, submit to, endure, weather, take, accept, undergo: Tests show that the product can tolerate considerable wear and tear.

toll° v. 1 ring, peal, chime, strike, sound: The clock tower bell tolled three.

 

--n. 2 ring, ringing, peal, pealing, chime, chiming, striking,

 

sound, sounding, tolling, knell: Each toll of the bell marked

 

the death of another victim.

tollý

n. 1 charge, fee, dues, assessment, tariff; excise, duty,

 

impost, levy, tribute: New motorways will be funded by means of

 

a toll on traffic using them. 2 loss, penalty, cost, damage(s);

 

exaction: The death toll from the earthquake reached 50,000.

tomb

n. sepulchre, crypt, vault, mausoleum, grave, catacomb,

 

burial-chamber, final or last resting-place: Every year his

 

tomb is visited by a mysterious woman in black.

tombstone n. gravestone, headstone, marker, monument, cenotaph: The tombstones in the military cemetery stood in serried ranks.

tone

n. 1 sound, note: Odd tones emanated from the electronic

 

music-maker. 2 stress, emphasis, force, accent, intonation,

 

modulation, phrasing, inflection, pitch, tonality, timbre, sound

 

(colour), tone colour or quality, colour or colouring,

 

resonance, sonorousness, sonority, fullness, richness: The tone

 

of his voice is extraordinarily melodic. 3 manner, style,

 

attitude, air, aspect, approach, note, tenor, tone of voice,

 

mode of expression, temper, vein, spirit, air: Do not take that

 

imperious tone with me! 4 tint, tinge, shade, hue, colour,

 

colouring, cast: The fabric has a silvery tone that makes it

 

shimmer.

 

--v. 5 tone down. temper, modify, reduce, moderate, modulate,

 

soften, quiet(en), dampen, dull, subdue, mute, soft-pedal:

 

Please tone down your voice or the neighbours will hear you. 6

 

tone up. (re)invigorate, tune (up), brighten (up), (re)vitalize,

 

freshen (up), limber up, get into condition or shape: I really

 

have to tone up my body before I put on a swimsuit this summer.

tongue n. 1 language, speech; dialect, patois,Creole, idiom, parlance, argot, talk, vernacular, fa‡on de parler: The people in that

area speak a strange tongue. 2 (verbal) expression, utterance, voice, articulation: Michael is reluctant to give tongue to his real feelings. 3 hold (one's) tongue. be or remain or keep silent, keep mum, say nothing or nought, not breathe a word, keep (one's) counsel, not say a word, Slang shut up: Hold your

tongue till you are spoken to! 4 slip of the tongue. slip, mistake, gaffe, blunder, faux pas, Freudian slip, Colloq Brit boob: Saying 'bald' when I meant 'bold' was a slip of the tongue. 5 (with (one's)) tongue in (one's) cheek. facetiously, whimsically, ironically, jocularly, jokingly, not seriously, in jest, jestingly, in fun, to be funny, Colloq kiddingly: As he is my older brother, I call him 'Dad' with tongue in cheek, of course.

tongue-lashing

n. scolding, berating, reproof, rebuke, reprimand; (verbal) abuse, castigation, chastisement, vituperation, revilement, Colloq dressing-down, telling-off, talking-to, Brit slating, ticking-off, wigging: For all his efforts to please, he only got a tongue-lashing for interfering.

tongue-tied

adj. speechless, at a loss for words, struck dumb, dumbfounded or dumfounded, mute, inarticulate: I was so nervous when the Prince of Wales spoke to me that I got tongue-tied.

tonic

n. 1 stimulant, restorative, invigorant, boost, refresher;

 

Obsolete or literary ptisan or tisane, Technical roborant,

 

analeptic, Colloq bracer, pick-me-up, pick-up, shot in the arm,

 

US picker-upper: His father made his money selling snake-oil

 

tonic.

 

--adj. 2 stimulant, stimulating, restorative, invigorating,

 

fortifying, bracing, strengthening, reviving, enlivening,

 

refreshing, Technical analeptic, roborant: Seeing Maddie and

 

Max again had a tonic effect.

tool

n. 1 utensil, implement, instrument, device, apparatus,

 

appliance, contrivance, aid, machine, mechanism, gadget, Colloq

 

contraption, gimmick, Chiefly US and Canadian gismo or gizmo:

 

The work would go faster if you had the proper tools. 2 means,

 

way, agency, weapon, medium, vehicle, instrumentality, avenue,

 

road: Education is the tool you need to get anywhere in life.

 

3 puppet, cat's-paw, pawn, dupe, Slang stooge, sucker: I had

 

been used merely as a tool in her ambitious rise to the top.

 

--v. 4 work, carve, cut, embellish, decorate, ornament, dress,

 

shape: This is the shop where the leather is tooled and

 

gold-stamped.

top

n. 1 summit, apex, peak, acme, crest, head, pinnacle, vertex,

 

zenith, meridian, crown, culmination, high point, height,

 

apogee: They reached the top of the mountain at dawn. For a

 

change, I should like to be at the top looking down. Samantha

 

remains at the top of her profession. 2 lid, cover, cap,

covering, stopper, cork: Put the top back on the bottle when you're through.

--v. 3 surpass, better, best, outstrip, exceed, outdo, excel, beat, transcend: It would be impossible to top some of his achievements. 4 surmount, cover, cap, crown, tip; finish, complete, garnish: The entire concoction was topped by a maraschino cherry. 5 trim, crop, lop or cut off, clip, prune, nip, pinch (back): All the trees in this area have been topped to let in more sunlight. 6 scale, climb, ascend, surmount: The party topped Annapurna the next day. 7 top up. fill (up), refresh, refill, replenish, US freshen (up): He asked the barman to top up our drinks.

--adj. 8 best, greatest, foremost, leading, pre-eminent, eminent, first, first-rate, principal, prime, finest, choicest, topmost; excellent, superior, superb, top-drawer, top-grade, top-notch, supreme, peerless, unequalled, incomparable, Colloq crack, ace, A-1 or A-one: Is he the top man in his field? She

is a top economics adviser to the government. 9 uppermost, topmost, highest: The top fruit is the best.

topic

n. subject(-matter), matter, issue, question, point, thesis,

theme, text, keynote, field or area of study or of inquiry: We

need to decide on a topic for tonight's discussion.

topical

adj. 1 contemporary, current, up to date, timely: Drug

addiction is certainly a topical subject. 2 local, superficial:

For a minor injury we give a topical, not a general anaesthetic.

topple

v. 1 upset, up-end, knock down or over, bring down, fell,

capsize, collapse: Scores of buildings were toppled by the tornado. 2 bring or throw down, overthrow, defeat, vanquish, overcome, overturn, unseat, oust: The leaders of the coup succeeded in toppling the government in a week. 3 fall (over or down), drop, collapse, keel over, tumble down: Seven guardsmen

toppled over because of the heat on the parade ground.

topsy-turvy

adj. 1 upside down, wrong side up, head over heels, inverted, reversed, backwards, vice versa: The children were wearing their pyjamas topsy-turvy. 2 chaotic, muddled, jumbled, disorderly, disordered, disorganized, confused, mixed-up, messy, untidy, in a muddle, higgledy-piggledy, Colloq arsy-versy, every which way: The room was completely topsy-turvy and it was impossible to find anything.

torment v. 1 torture, abuse, maltreat, mistreat, distress, agonize, excruciate, crucify, harrow, rack, pain: Hunger tormented his weary body. 2 worry, trouble, plague, annoy, bedevil, vex,

 

harry, badger, hector, harass, pester, nag, persecute, needle,

 

nettle, irk, irritate, bother, torture, afflict, Brit chivvy or

 

chivy or chevy: I was tormented by the suspicion that something

 

was wrong.

 

--n. 3 agony, wretchedness, anguish, distress, misery, pain,

 

woe, painfulness, torture, suffering, curse, hell: How can

 

parents endure the torment of losing a child? 4 worry,

 

vexation, annoyance, harassment, ordeal, persecution, needling,

 

nuisance, bane, irritation, bother, affliction, scourge,

 

torture: For yet another day I had to suffer the torment of

 

their company.

torpid

adj. sluggish, slow, slow-moving, slow-paced, tortoise-like,

 

lethargic, apathetic, indolent, passive, slothful, dull,

 

stupefied, sleepy, somnolent, inactive, inert, languid,

 

languorous, phlegmatic, spiritless, lifeless, listless,

 

fain‚ant, lackadaisical, pococurante, indifferent, uncaring,

 

unconcerned, insouciant: Johnson said that it is a man's own

 

fault if his mind grows torpid in old age.

torpor

n. sluggishness, sloth, lethargy, apathy, indolence, passivity,

 

slothfulness, dullness, stupefaction, drowsiness, sleepiness,

 

somnolence, inactivity, inertia, inertness, languor, laziness,

 

phlegm, lifelessness, listlessness, idleness, fain‚ance,

 

pococurantism, indifference, unconcern, insouciance: The heat

 

produced a certain torpor in all of us.

torrent n. stream, rush, flood, deluge, effusion, gushing, outburst,