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Oxford Thesaurus - An A-Z Dictionary Of Synonyms

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indomitable: One must admire her sturdy independence in the face of all that criticism.

style n. 1 type, kind, variety, category, genre, sort, manner, mode, make, design, fashion, look, period, pattern, configuration, line, cut, shape, form: That style of jacket looks really good on you. They are planning to build the house in the pointed Gothic style. 2 fashion, trend, vogue, mode, look, rage, craze, Colloq fad, (latest) thing: The current style is for shorter skirts. 3 luxury, high style, comfort, opulence, splendour, elegance: Now that he's won all that money, they live in style on the Costa Smeralda. 4 chic, stylishness, taste, smartness, flair, dash, ‚lan, panache, cachet, tastefulness, fashionableness, elegance, refinement, polish, sophistication, sophisticatedness, cosmopolitanism, Colloq pizazz; ritziness: Irena has more style in her little finger than you have in your

whole body. 5 quality, character, mode of expression, approach, treatment, vein, colouring, spirit, mood, form, technique;

tenor, tone, wording, phraseology, phrasing, language, vocabulary, word choice, diction, sentence structure: The pointillist style of painting appeals to many. His style of writing is reminiscent of Stevenson's. 6 in style. See stylish, below.

--v. 7 characterize, designate, denominate, call, name, term, label, tag, brand: The use of the indicative for the subjunctive is no longer styled a solecism in British English. 8 fashion, design, arrange, set, do, cut, tailor, shape, form: Antoine styled my hair in a page-boy for the reception.


adj. chic, fashionable, smart, … la mode, modish, in style or

fashion or vogue, elegant; chichi; Colloq in, with it, swanky,

Chiefly Brit trendy, Slang swell, neat, classy, snazzy, US

spiffy: Nicole always looks so stylish.


v. thwart, obstruct, block, frustrate, snooker, defeat, spike,

ruin, foil, confound, stump, nonplus, hinder, impede, Colloq flummox: The government has stymied all efforts to have him extradited.

styptic adj. astringent: The styptic effect of alum stops bleeding.

19.14 suave...


suave adj. debonair, sophisticated, urbane, cosmopolitan, worldly, smooth, gracious, nonchalant, civilized, cultivated, courteous, diplomatic, polite, charming, agreeable, affable, bland: Fictional detectives range from the suave Simon Templar to the earthy Philip Marlowe.


adj. 1 subliminal, unconscious, suppressed, hidden, latent, repressed, inner, innermost, underlying, deep-rooted, Colloq Freudian: Despite his belligerence, he has a subconscious desire to be loved.

--n. 2 (collective) unconscious, inner self; heart: Her subconscious tells her that all confined areas are dangerous.

subdue v. 1 put or beat down, quell, repress, suppress, quash, crush, control, master, overpower, gain mastery or control or the upper hand over, get the better of, dominate, triumph over, hold or keep in check, bridle, tame: Having subdued the uprising, government forces are again in control. 2 conquer, vanquish, defeat, overcome: The Mongol horde subdued all the people in their path. 3 quiet(en) or tone down, moderate, mellow, temper, soften, soft-pedal, check, curb, control: His anger was subdued by her calm words.

subdued adj. 1 quiet, mellow(ed), toned down, moderate(d), tempered, hushed, muted, low-key, unenthusiastic, repressed, restrained, peaceful, tranquil, placid, calm(ed), temperate, reserved:

There was a little subdued criticism at first, but the bill was passed. 2 chastened, sober, sobered, solemn, saddened, dejected, sad, down in the mouth, crestfallen, downcast, grave, serious:

He looked subdued when he emerged from the headmaster's office.

subject n. 1 (subject-)matter, topic; issue, theme, angle, thesis, gist, substance, business, affair, point: What is the subject of conversation today? The subject under discussion was of crucial importance. 2 course (of study), field, area, discipline, branch of knowledge: In which subject did Frank take his doctorate? 3 cause, ground(s), motive, reason, basis,

source, rationale; excuse: Increased taxes are always a subject

of complaint. 4 participant, case, guinea-pig, testee: The subjects of the experiment were all in their thirties. 5 citizen, national; taxpayer, voter; liegeman, vassal: She became a British subject after her marriage to Frank.

--adj. 6 Usually, subject to. exposed (to), open (to), vulnerable (to), susceptible (to), prone (to), disposed (to), at the mercy (of), liable (to suffer or undergo): She is subject to asthma attacks. This kind of wood is subject to worm infestation. 7 discussed, under discussion, referred to, above: The subject book was not returned before the due date. 8 subject to. a answerable to, responsible for, bound by,

obedient to, subservient to, submissive to, controlled by, under the control of: You are subject to the same laws as everyone else. b dependent on, conditional on, contingent on: All leave is subject to the approval of the departmental head.

--v. 9 subject to. expose, lay open, submit, put through,

impose on, cause to undergo: How could anyone subject another human being to such cruelty? 10 conquer, subjugate, dominate, subdue, enslave, enthral, crush, humble: The peoples subjected by the Romans sometimes fared better than when independent.


n. subordination, domination, conquest, subjugation, enslavement, enthralment, humbling, humiliation: Their goal was the subjection of all peoples in the Mediterranean area.


adj. 1 personal, individual, idiosyncratic; prejudiced, biased: His review of the play was entirely subjective. 2 self-centred, egoistic, egocentric, selfish, self-serving: Your approach is much too subjective to be of interest to others.

--n. 3 Technical nominative: The subjective of 'me' is 'I'.

subjugate v. dominate, enslave, enthral, crush, humble, subject, oppress, suppress, put down, tyrannize, subdue, reduce, quell, overcome, overpower, make subservient or submissive, humble, humiliate: Few peoples have been subjugated so ignominiously as the American Indians.

sublimate v. transmute, alter, transform; channel, divert: He sublimates

his aggressions by jogging and marathon running.

sublime adj. 1 lofty, high, supreme, exalted, elevated, empyrean or empyreal, heavenly, noble, glorious, grand, high-minded; honourable, ennobled, eminent, glorified, beatified, canonized, sanctified, great, good: Her poetry evokes sublime emotions. 2 awesome, overwhelming, inspiring, mind-boggling, overpowering, humbling, awe-inspiring, majestic, splendid, empyrean: The architecture of the cathedral was truly sublime.


adj. subconscious, unconscious, suggestive: Advertisers know that subliminal techniques can be very effective in TV commercials.

submerge v. 1 plunge, submerse, immerse, inundate, dip, wash, soak, drench, saturate, wet, douse, Colloq dunk: To cleanse, submerge the garment in a basin of warm water for ten minutes. 2 dive, plunge, go down, descend, sink, sound, plummet: The order to submerge was given as soon as the planes were spotted. 3 flood, immerse, inundate, swamp, bury, engulf, overwhelm, deluge, drown; conceal, hide, camouflage, obscure, cloak, veil, shroud: He was quickly submerged under an enormous pile of correspondence.


n. 1 concession, acquiescence, capitulation, surrender, yielding, deference, giving in, obedience, compliance, resignation, submissiveness, tractability; meekness, docility, passivity, timidity, unassertiveness: After years of oppression their abject submission to a new tyrant was not altogether surprising. 2 submittal, offering, tender, contribution, entry: Submissions for the essay competition should be sent to the address given below.


adj. 1 yielding, acquiescent, deferential, compliant, obedient, tractable, amenable, agreeable, accommodating, passive, unresisting, pliant, flexible, manageable, unassertive, docile, meek, timid, resigned, uncomplaining: As a child she was very submissive but she rebelled in adolescence. 2 obsequious, abject, subservient, servile, humble, deferential, slavish, ingratiating, truckling, biddable, sycophantic, toadying, Colloq

boot-licking, Taboo slang brown-nosing, Brit arse-kissing, arse-licking, US ass-kissing, ass-licking: She keeps a few submissive lackeys about to do her bidding.

submit v. 1 Often, submit to. surrender (to), yield (to), capitulate (to), give in or up (to), comply (with), agree (to), concede (to), consent (to), accede (to), defer (to), bow or bend (to), succumb (to), truckle (to), knuckle under (to), resign (oneself) (to), be or become resigned (to); respect, accept, Colloq put up

with: Despite the threats, he refused to submit. The government eventually submitted to the union's demands. 2 offer, proffer, tender, enter, propose, present: Many of the suggestions that Alan submitted have been accepted.


adj. 1 Often, subordinate to. minor; inferior (to), lower (than), lesser (than), secondary (to), second (to), junior (to), subsidiary (to); next to, below, beneath, under: He had to

accept a subordinate position in the new company. His new job is subordinate to that of purchasing director.

--n. 2 assistant, aide, junior, subaltern, staff member; underling, hireling, inferior, lackey, servant, slave, vassal; Colloq US staffer: She is a subordinate to the editor-in-chief.

--v. 3 make (something) secondary: Too many subordinate community interest to personal greed.

subscribe v. 1 Often, subscribe to. endorse, support, underwrite, advocate, back (up), approve (of), agree (with or to), accept, consent (to), assent (to), countenance, tolerate, condone,

allow, permit, brook: I sympathize with many of their arguments but I cannot subscribe to terrorism. 2 Often, subscribe to. contribute (to), support, give (to), donate (to), pledge,

promise, sign (up) (for), Colloq chip in (to or for): Mrs Donaldson has subscribed thousands to Amnesty International.


n. 1 payment, remittance, investment; commitment, dues, fee, price, cost: The subscription is now œ100 a year. 2 obligation, pledge, promise, underwriting: If we get enough subscriptions, we shall be able to print the book.


adj. 1 succeeding, following, ensuing, next, future, later, successive; resultant, resulting, consequent: Subsequent governments have failed to solve the problem.

--prep. 2 subsequent to. after, following, succeeding, in the wake or aftermath of: Further problems arose subsequent to their second term of office.


adv. later (on), afterwards or US also afterward: Subsequently, the law was changed to protect witnesses.

subside v. 1 sink (down), drop (down), go down, recede, descend, decline; lower, settle: The waters of the swollen river subsided. The volcano's centre subsided, leaving a caldera. 2 abate, quiet(en) (down), calm (down), moderate, let up, decrease, diminish, lessen, die (down or off or out), pass (away), wear off: His enthusiasm for sky-diving subsided a bit after he broke both legs. When the clamour had subsided, the president rose to speak.


adj. Often, subsidiary to. ancillary (to), secondary (to), auxiliary (to), lesser (than), additional (to), supplementary or supplemental (to), complementary (to), accessory (to), subordinate (to), adjuvant (to): The company offers removal of hazardous waste as a subsidiary service.

subsidize v. fund, finance, support, aid, sponsor, subvene, maintain, underwrite; capitalize, Slang US and Canadian bankroll: Bill and Sue can only afford to live in that big house because her parents subsidize them.

subsidy n. funding, financing, subsidizing, sponsoring, sponsorship, assistance, aid, contribution, support, grant, subvention, maintenance, underwriting, capitalization: Farmers are hoping for increased subsidies.


n. 1 existence, living, survival, subsisting, being: You are worried about buying beer when I feel my very subsistence threatened! 2 food, rations, victuals, provision, sustenance,

board, nourishment, nutriment, aliment; maintenance, keep, upkeep: We depend on your salary for our subsistence, so forget about quitting your job.

substance n. 1 material, matter, stuff; fabric, composition, make-up: She couldn't recognize the substance in the bottle. The comet's substance is mainly ice and dirt. 2 essence, pith, heart, core, gist, burden, theme, meat, kernel, nub, crux, sum total, sum and substance, point, gravamen, haecceity, quintessence, quiddity: Explain, in 500 or fewer words, the substance of Hegel's dispute with Kant. 3 meaning, import, significance, purport, signification, point: Our visit to San Francisco gave substance to all we had read about it. 4 reality, corporeality, solidity, actuality, concreteness: You must learn to deal with the substance, not the shadows. 5 means, wealth, property, possessions, riches, resources, affluence, assets: John Culver was a citizen of some substance in this town.


adj. 1 material, considerable, significant, great, worthwhile, consequential, ample, goodly, respectable, abundant, generous, big, large, sizeable, major, Colloq tidy, healthy: We understand that he made a substantial payment to keep his name out of the papers. 2 strong, solid, well-built, durable, sound, stout, sturdy; big, large, massive, huge, sizeable, impressive, vast; numerous, numberless: A substantial mausoleum was constructed for his family. A substantial crowd had gathered. 3 well-founded, sound, weighty, solid, well-established, telling, good, valid, actual: Many economists produced substantial arguments in favour of another cut in interest rates. 4 wealthy, well-to-do, rich, affluent, prosperous, profitable, successful; landed, propertied: The Trevelyan Ironworks is a substantial business, and Mr Trevelyan is one of our more substantial businessmen.


adv. in substance, essentially, at bottom, fundamentally, basically, in essence, intrinsically, in reality, at heart, sincerely, truly, actually, in truth, veritably, indeed, in fact, as a matter of fact; largely, to a large extent, in large measure, materially, practically, in the main, for the most part, mostly, virtually, to all intents and purposes; Archaic verily: The article was substantially sound. Do you agree

substantially with the ruling of the court?


v. confirm, affirm, corroborate, support, sustain, back up, bear out, authenticate, show (clearly), prove, document, verify, certify, validate: Do not make accusations that cannot be substantiated by evidence.


v. 1 Sometimes, substitute for. replace, exchange, displace, relieve, supplant; switch; take the place of, stand in for, double for, Colloq sub for, cover for, swap or swop, US and

Canadian pinch-hit for: She substituted the real diamond with a paste replica. I will substitute for you while you are away.

--n. 2 substitution, replacement, alternative, relief, representative, deputy, delegate, stand-in, stand-by,

understudy, surrogate, succedaneum, Brit locum (tenens), US and Canadian alternate: In those days a man could hire a substitute to serve in his place in the militia.


n. 1 exchange, exchanging, change, changing, replacement, replacing, supplanting, switch, switching, interchange, interchanging, Colloq swap or swop, swapping or swopping: The substitution of certain words distorted the sense. 2 See substitute, 2, above.


n. substrate, foundation, underlayer, basis, fundament, base, substructure, groundwork: The agreement rests on a substratum of mutual trust and respect.


n. artifice, trick, device, stratagem, manoeuvre, ploy, evasion, deception, dodge, feint, shift, excuse, expedient, contrivance, intrigue: Although he told no lies, he used every subterfuge to avoid telling the truth.

subtle adj. 1 delicate, fine, refined, exquisite, nice, Archaic subtile: I became aware, almost subconsciously, of the subtle odour of jasmine. These subtle shades of green are so peaceful. 2 abstruse, arcane, recondite, remote, deep, profound,

concealed, hidden, shadowy, nebulous, vague, obscure, veiled, thin, airy, insubstantial, elusive, faint; sophistic(al): The symbolism is so subtle as to be meaningful to the poet alone. A subtle hint gave me to understand that I ought to go. 3 tricky, shrewd, cunning, wily, sly, devious, crafty, smart, clever,

foxy, artful, scheming, designing, underhand(ed), deceptive, Jesuitical, Machiavellian, ingenious, skilful, strategic, insidious, casuistic, shifty, slick, slimy, Chiefly Brit smarmy: You were a fool to allow that subtle serpent to insinuate himself into your confidence.

subtlety n. 1 refinement, nicety, delicacy, exquisiteness, intricacy, fineness, acuteness, elegance, sophistication: The subtlety of the detail in this work is quite unique. One must admire the subtlety of expression in her writing. 2 treachery, guile, insidiousness, casuistry, cunning, artfulness, craftiness, deviousness, slyness, deceptiveness: The subtlety of her deception was revealed only after the war.

subtract v. 1 deduct, take away, take off, take (something) from: First calculate the discount, then subtract it from the price. 2 Sometimes, subtract from. detract (from), diminish, take away (from): Nothing could subtract from the exhilaration of that moment.


n. overthrow, ruin, destruction, undermining, upheaval, displacement: The dictator used extreme tactics to avoid the subversion of his leadership.


adj. 1 subversionary, seditious, seditionary, treasonous, treacherous, traitorous, revolutionary, insurrectionary: The government regarded as subversive anything and anyone disagreeing with their policies.

--n. 2 traitor, insurgent, saboteur, fifth-columnist, collaborator, collaborationist, quisling, radical, revolutionary, insurrectionist, insurrectionary; dissident,

defector: The security agencies were removing subversives from sensitive jobs.

subvert v. overthrow, ruin, destroy, undermine, topple, demolish,

wreck, sabotage: The regime was subverted from within, not by outside forces.




Brit underground (railway), tube: She takes the subway to



US tunnel, underpass: Use the subway to cross the road

in safety.



1 follow, come after, supervene: The end of the war in the

Pacific succeeded the surrender in Europe. 2 be successor (to), follow, be heir (to), replace, take the place of, inherit or

take over from: Elizabeth I succeeded Mary in 1558. 3 Often, succeed in or at. make good, thrive, prosper, flourish, be a success, be successful, progress, advance, get ahead or on, attain or gain or achieve success, win, triumph, Colloq make it, arrive, get to the top: Has she succeeded in persuading you to sing? He always wanted to make a lot of money and now he has succeeded. They have succeeded at whatever they have tried.

success n. 1 good or happy result or outcome, good fortune, achievement, triumph, attainment, ascendancy, prosperity: The success of the fast food business is evident everywhere. 2

star, celebrity, (big) name, sensation: She was a great success as a singer, dancer, and actress.


adj. 1 wealthy, rich, prosperous, fortunate, lucky, flourishing, thriving, prospering, well-to-do, affluent, Colloq

loaded, well-heeled, flush, in the money, US well-fixed: He is a very successful investor. 2 lucrative, booming, profitable, fruitful, moneymaking, remunerative: The shares they bought proved to be a successful investment. How successful was last

year for the company? 3 famous, well-known, famed, celebrated, renowned, eminent; prominent, pre-eminent, popular, leading, top, best-selling: Constance is one of our most successful

poets. That book of mine was also successful. 4 victorious, triumphant; first; winning: Henry was successful in his bid for the chairmanship. I want to see a successful conclusion to the tour.


n. 1 passing (on), handing down or on, transmittal, transmission, transfer, transferral, shift, conveyance, conveyancing: According to her will, the succession of the