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Criminal procedure:

Vocabulary Practice - 1

  1. Match the words below with the definitions:

jury prosecution judge defence lawyer magistrate

defendant court

1 The person who decides on a sentence.

2 The person who presents the victim’s case.

3 The person who presents the case of the person standing trial.

4 The person who stands trial.

5 The people who decide whether the person standing trial is guilty or innocent.

6 The place where a trial takes place.

7 The person who presides in a court for minor offences.

  1. Complete each sentence with a word from the list:

accused evidence guilty lawyer statement

charged fine jury sentence suspect

a) The customs officers arrested Bob and ________ him with smuggling.

b) The police spent all morning searching the house for________.

c) Jean left her car in a no-parking area and had to pay a/an ________

d) Unfortunately at the end of the trial my brother was found ________

e) The trial took a long time as the ________ couldn’t reach a verdict.

f) George won his case because he had a very good defence ________

g) The police visited Dawn and asked her to make a/an ________

h) Because of his past criminal record, Brian was the main ________

i) Pauline decided to sue the police because she had been wrongly ________

3. Use the words to complete the gaps in the questions:

Innocent guilty prison offence weapon arrest lawyer suspect crime legal charged with confess custody magistrate trial sentence executed for jury judge bail

1. Are you innocent until you’re proved to be ____, or the other way round?

2. If you’re convicted of drug dealing, are you always sent to ____or is there sometimes a fine?

3. Is it an offence to carry a____ such as a gun or a knife?

4. If the police arrest you, are you allowed to call a____ ?

5. If the police____ you for a crime, is it legal to remain silent when they question you?

6. If you’re____ a crime, are you always kept in custody while you wait for a trial?

7. If you____ to a crime, do you always get a light sentence?

8. Are there any crimes which you can be____ ?

9. Is there always trial by____ for serious crimes?

10. Who decides on a sentence? Is it the____ or the jury?

4. Circle the odd-one out:

1. illegal unlawful offence crime prohibited truth

2. jury judge magistrate witness weapon lawyer

3. innocent prosecute sentence convict charge arrest

4. murder blackmail bail mugging burglary arson

5. fine trial prison sentence damages caution community service

6. thief burglar forger barrister drug dealer shoplifter

5. Complete the sentences:

1. He was c_______ of manslaughter and s_______ to two years in prison.

2. The j______ found the man g ______ of pre-meditated murder.

3. In Britain, it is a criminal o________ to carry a weapon.

4. There is always a t_______ by jury for serious crimes.

5. The policeman stopped the driver and a _______ him of dangerous driving.

6. The police dropped the c_______ against the woman because she had a good alibi.

7. The jury found the man i______ and he was released.

8. It is against the l________ to sell stolen goods.

6. Complete the news reports below with words from the list. You may need to modify the nouns and verbs. You may use some words more than once:

forged sentence prison jury extradite suspended convict

lawyer prosecution charge appeal guilty fine court

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