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3.6 Translate the sentences into Russian and then back into English.

1.Has Phil found a new job? Yes, he was offered it yesterday. 2.Have you seen John anywhere? – Yes, I’ve just seen him. 3.Has Ann phoned yet? – Yes, she has just phoned. 4.Don’t forget to post that letter. – I’ve already posted it. 5.Shall I pay the waiter? – No, I’ve already paid him. 6.Have you ever been to Italy? – No, I’ve never been there. 7.When did they last visit you? – They haven’t visited us since June. 8.When did you last play tennis? – I haven’t played tennis for a long time. 9.Is it a good film? – Yes, it’s the best film I’ve ever seen.

3.7 Put these words in the correct order to make questions.

1.How / long / known / you / have Peter?

2.How / long / has / that new / Mary / had / sports car?

3.Have / seen / my / you / car key?

4.Have / known / since last April / you / him?

5.Have / lived / in this town / you / all your life?

6.Have / spoken / ever / you / to a famous person?

3.8 In this exercise you have to read a sentence and then write another sentence with the same meaning.

Example: The police have arrested three men.

Three men have been arrested by the police.

1.They have changed the date of the meeting. The date of the meeting … .

2.Brian told me that somebody had attacked and robbed him in the street. Brian told me that he … .

3.The room looks nice, somebody has cleaned it. It … .

4.Somebody has given him a lot of money. He … .

5.They have cancelled the meeting. The meeting … .

6.We have told him not to be late again. He … .

3.9 Exam topic. Read the text about St. Petersburg and answer the questions. Prepare your own text for the exam.

Saint-petersburg

The city was founded in 1703 by Peter I on the banks of the Neva River and got the name of St. Petersburg. The Russian state obtained an exit to the northern trade sea routes, which was a factor of great importance: thus Russia became a naval power. In 1712 St Petersburg became the capital of Russia. In 1914 it was renamed Petrograd. In 1924, after Lenin’s death, the city was renamed Leningrad in his honour. In 1991, it again got the name St.Petersburg.

Leningrad suffered much during the Great Patriotic war. During the 900 days and nights of the siege enemy planes dropped 107,000 bombs on the city. Some 17,000 civilians were lost during these attacks. The city was left without light, water and without transport. Famine set in. More than 641,000 people died of hunger and privations in Leningrad during the blockade.

Despite all this, Leningrad continued to struggle. At factories and plants women, young boys and girls took the places of the men who had gone to the front. The people of Leningrad performed a glorious feat which went down in history. For this feat the town was awarded the Order of Lenin and called a Hero-City.

Not a single trace of war ruins can be seen in the present-day St. Petersburg – the city had been completely restored by 1948. Large new residential districts have been built all around the city.

St. Petersburg is an important industrial centre, the leading branches of the city’s industry are power-engineering, shipbuilding, instrument-making and radioelectronics.

St. Petersburg is one of the biggest scientific, cultural and art centres of Russia, the home of many colleges and Universities. It is famous for its science, industry, architecture, museums and theatres.

St. Isaac’s Cathedral, Kazan Cathedral, Peter-and-Paul Fortress, Rossi’s and Rastrelli’s ensembles are known all over the world. The Hermitage and the Russian Museum house the greatest masterpieces of Western, Oriental and Russian art. On the stage of the Mariinsky Opera House we can enjoy world-famous operas and ballets.

1.How many people live in St. Petersburg? 2.Why was Leningrad called a Hero-City? 3.When was the city completely restored? 4.What are the leading industries of the city? 5.What museum have you recently visited in St. Petersburg? 6.What are your favourite architectural ensembles or places in the city? 7.Do you often go to the theatre?

3.10 Fill in the prepositions if they are necessary.

1.St.Petersburg was founded … 1703 … Peter I. 2.The blockade … Leningrad lasted 900 days. 3.St.Petersburg can be proud … its finest places … interest. 4.St.Petersburg is one … the greatest cities … Russia. 5.The Bronze Horseman is situated … Decembrists’ Square … the embankment … the Neva. 6.The Summer Gardens were laid … 1704.

3.11 Prepare the exam topic My native town. Talk about its location, age, brief history, population, sights (museums, monuments, memorials, parks and gardens, green alleys), education institutions, concert halls, churches.

3.12. Read and act out the dialogue. Which phrases are useful to make a conversation? What view of Saint-Petersburg do you like best?

Mary: What a marvelous view!

Liz: Fantastic, isn’t it? St.

Petersburg is the most

beautiful city in the world.

Mary: It’s beautiful. But don’t

forget you haven’t been to

Rome.

Liz: As far as I know Rome is

much older than St.

Petersburg.

Mary: It’s much older. St.

Petersburg is a relatively

young city.

Liz: When was it founded?

Mary: It was founded in 1703.

Liz: By Peter the Great? I’ve read a

lot about that king.

Mary: He was not a king, Liz. He

was a tzar. All kings in Russia

were called tzars.

Liz: Oh, I know. Peter the

Great was a very democratic,

energetic and business-like

man.

Mary: I agree. By the way, we’ve

spent the whole day here and

we haven’t seen anything of

St. Petersburg yet.

Liz: We are going sightseeing at

last!

Mary: OK! I am ready. Let’s go.

3.13 What are these outstanding petersburgers famous for?

M.V.Lomonosov, Peter the Great, Catherine the Great, A.S.Pushkin, F.M.Dostoyevsky, I.E.Repin, B.Rastrelli, D.D.Shostakovich, D.I.Mendeleyev, P.I.Tchaikovsky, A.A.Block, A.A.Akhmatova, I.V.Kurchatov

3.14 Read the text and talk about its wonders.

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