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References

  1. B. Stroustrup, M. Ellis. The Annotated C++ Reference Manual. Addison Wesley, 1990.

  2. C. Kindel. The Rules of the Component Object Model. MSDN Library, Technical Articles, 1995.

  3. MFC: Using the MFC Source Files. MSDN Library, Programming with MFC: Encyclopedia.

  4. Exception Handling Topics (C++). MS Visual C++ Documentation, 1997.

  5. C. Vu, S. Satoh, and M. Grove. Multibyte Character Set (MBCS) Survival Guide. MSDN Library, Backgrounders, 1995.

Appendix a. Hungarian Notation

The following table shows a subset of Hungarian notation used in MS Visual C++ and its class libraries: For each type of variable a character is given to represent it.

Prefix

Type

Description

Example

ch

char

8-bit character

chGrade

ch

TCHAR

16-bit character if _UNICODEis defined

chName

b

BOOL, bool

Boolean value

bEnabled

n

int

Integer (size dependent on operating system)

nLength

n

UINT

Unsigned value (size dependent on operating system)

nLength

w

WORD

16-bit unsigned value

wPos

l

LONG

32-bit signed integer

lOffset

dw

DWORD

32-bit unsigned integer

dwRange

by

BYTE

8-bit unsigned value

byBuf

flt

float

Float value

fltPos

dbl

double

Double value

dblPos

x, y

coordinates

Device coordinates

xMouse

p

*

Pointer

pDoc

psz, lpsz

LPSTR, LPCSTR

32-bit pointer to (constant) character string

pszName

psz, lpsz

LPTSTR, LPCTSTR

32-bit pointer to (constant) character string if _UNICODEis defined

pszName

h

handle

Handle to Windows object

hWnd

pfn, lpfn

callback

Pointer to function

pfnAbort

rc

RECT

Rectangle

rcClient

pt

POINT

Point

ptMouse

size

SIZE

Size

sizeMin

rg

range

Array of objects

rgPoints

Various prefixes may combine to represent a complicated type of variable. For example, use ‘pdw’ to specify a pointer to a DWORD.

B. MS Visual C++ Resource Prefixes

Symbols generated and used by AppWizard and ClassWizard in MFC and ATL applications are listed below. You can also use these prefixes in classes and resource files in your MFC (ATL)-friendly classes.

Prefix

Type of Symbol

Example

Range

IDR_

Identification shared by multiple resources of different types

IDR_MAINFRAME

1 to 0x6FFF

IDD_

Dialog resource

IDD_SPELL_CHECK

1 to 0x6FFF

HIDD_

Dialog-resource Help context

HIDD_SPELL_CHECK

0x20001 to 0x26FF

IDB_

Bitmap resource

IDB_COMPANY_LOGO

1 to 0x6FFF

IDC_

Cursor resource

IDC_PENCIL

1 to 0x6FFF

IDI_

Icon resource

IDI_NOTEPAD

1 to 0x6FFF

ID_ _

Command from menu item or toolbar

ID_TOOLS_SPELLING

0x8000 to 0xDFFF

HID_

Command Help context

HID_TOOLS_SPELLING

0x18000 to 0x1DFFF

IDP_

Message-box prompt

IDP_INVALID_PARTNO

8 to 0xDFFF

HIDP_

Message-box Help context

HIDP_INVALID_PARTNO

0x30008 to 0x3DFFF

IDS_

String resource

IDS_COPYRIGHT

1 to 0x7FFF

IDC_

Control within dialog box

IDC_RECALC

8 to 0xDFFF

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