Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:
Скачиваний:
22
Добавлен:
22.03.2015
Размер:
71.44 Кб
Скачать

иу фихиэ рхщъръыъи тцшшнтюрцххцс чнмилцлртр шиц

ú щчнюриу хи чщрэцуцлр р тцшшнтюрцххи

чнмилцлрти т кцчшцщы ц ъншфрхцуцлрр

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

è KWWS ZZZ LVH LLS QHW DOPDQDK LQGH[ KWP

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

ù $' '

í ó ë

Ki_pbZevgZy ikboheh]by

h[eZklv ikboheh]bb jZa\blby dhlhjZy bamqZ_l ijh[e_fu

jZa\blby ex^_c k nbabq_kdbfb b ikbobq_kdbfb g_^hklZldZfb hij_^_eyxsbfb ihlj_[ghklv

^_l_c \ hkh[uo mkeh\byo h[mq_gby b \hkiblZgby b ihlj_[ghklv \ajhkeuo \ hkh[uo nhjfZo

ikboheh]bq_kdh]h khijh\h`^_gby

 

 

 

 

KlZgh\e_gb_ KI

ijhbkoh^beh \ jZfdZo ^_n_dlheh]bb

bgl_]jZlb\ghc h[eZklb gZmqgh]h

agZgby hj]Zgbqgh kh_^bgb\r_c debgbdh nbabheh]bq_kdh_ b

ikboheh]h i_^Z]h]bq_kdh_

gZijZ\e_gby bkke_^h\Zgbc ijhp_kkh\ jZa\blby b h[mq_gby ^_l_c

 

 

< wlbo jZfdZo KI bkoh^gh

\hkijbgbfZeZkv

dZd ijbdeZ^gZy ^bkpbiebgZ kha^ZxsZy

h[_ki_q_gb_ hilbfZevgh]h jZaj_r_gby aZ^Zq dhjj_dpbhggh]h i_^Z]h]bq_kdh]h ijhp_kkZ b

ij_`^_ \k_]h f_lh^u ikboheh]bq_kdhc ^bZ]ghklbdb hij_^_eyxsb_ hkh[_gghklb

ikbobq_kdh]h jZa\blby j_[_gdZ ihlj_[ghklb \ hkh[uo mkeh\byo h[oh^guo imlyo h[mq_gby

Bklhjbq_kdb i_j\ufb \hagbdeb lZdb_ gZijZ\e_gby

KI dZd

ikboheh]by ke_iuo

lbnehikboheh]by

]emobo kmj^hikboheh]by

ikboheh]by

mfkl\_ggh hlklZeuo

heb]hnj_ghikboheh]by ex^_c AZ k\hx ihqlb klhe_lgxx bklhjbx KI agZqbl_evgh

jZkrbjbeZ h[eZklv k\hbo bkke_^h\Zgbc b ijZdlbq_kdh]h ijbf_g_gby L_i_jv hgZ h[jZs_gZ b

d ^_lyf k aZ^_j`dhc ikbobq_kdh]h jZa\blby k

gZjmr_gbyfb

j_qb k jZggbf ^_lkdbf

Zmlbafhf d ^_lyf k ^\b]Zl_evgufb gZjmr_gbyfb kh keh`ghc kljmdlmjhc ^_n_dlZ b ^j

< KI Zddmfmebjmxlky l_hj_lbq_kdb_ agZgby b f_lh^u ijZdlbq_kdhc jZ[hlu g_h[oh^bfu_ ^ey jZa\blby ^jm]bo h[eZkl_c ikboheh]bb Bamq_gb_ ikbobq_kdbo hkh[_gghkl_c jZaguo dZl_]hjbc ^_l_c k ]jm[ufb ZghfZebyfb jZa\blby kihkh[kl\m_l ihgbfZgbx aZdhghf_jghkl_c ikbobq_kdh]h hglh]_g_aZ \ ghjf_ Ihfh]Zy ij_h^he_\Zlv ly`_eu_ ijh[e_fu h[mq_gby b \hkiblZgby ^_l_c k ]jm[ufb ZghfZebyfb jZa\blby KI gZdhibeZ kj_^kl\Z jZaj_r_gby ljm^ghkl_c h[mq_gby ^_l_c g_ bf_xsbo klhev \ujZ`_gguo gZjmr_gbc

>h k_j_^bgu O,O \_dZ bkke_^h\Zgby \ h[eZklb ikboheh]bb ^_l_c b \ajhkeuo k ZghfZebyfb jZa\blby ghkbeb wibah^bq_kdbc oZjZdl_j khh[s_gby h[ bo j_amevlZlZo baj_^dZ ihy\eyebkv \ f_^bpbgkdbo nbehkhnkdbo b ikboheh]bq_kdbo ba^Zgbyo ]eZ\guf h[jZahf \

k\yab i_j\ufb mki_rgufb ihiuldZfb \hkiblZgby b h[mq_gby ke_iuo ]emobo ke_ih]emobo

ex^_c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GZqZeh kbkl_fZlbq_kdbo bkke_^h\Zgbc \ h[eZklb

KI \ Jhkkbb dZd b \ kljZgZo

 

AZiZ^ghc

?\jhiu b \

:f_jbd_ [ueh

k\yaZgh k ijbgylb_f aZdhgh\ h \k_h[s_f h[jZah\Zgbb b k

gZqZehf

kha^Zgby ]hkm^Zjkl\_gguo kbkl_f

ki_pbZevgh]h

h[jZah\Zgby

y^jh dhlhjuo

bkoh^gh khklZ\beb rdheu ^ey ke_iuo ]emobo b mfkl\_ggh hlklZeuo ^_l_c <hagbdrb_

\

k\yab k wlbf ihlj_[ghklb \ gZmqghf h[hkgh\Zgbb g_h[oh^bfhklb b \hafh`ghklb

fZkkh\h]h

h[mq_gby ZghfZevguo ^_l_c klbfmebjh\Zeb jZajZ[hldm

l_hj_lbq_kdbo

 

hkgh\

b

ikboheh]bq_kdh]h bgkljmf_glZjby

^ey ^bnn_j_gpbZpbb ghjfZevgh]h

b ZghfZevgh]h

jZa\blby

bamq_gb_ jZaebqguo

ijhy\e_gbc b

ikboheh]bq_kdhc

ijbjh^u

^_lkdhc

^_n_dlb\ghklb h[km`^_gb_ ijh[e_f dhjj_dpbb b dhfi_gkZpbb gZjmr_gbc \ jZa\blbb ihbkd

ikboheh]bq_kdbo mkeh\bc hilbfbaZpbb h[mq_gby ^_l_c \ ki_pbZevguo rdheZo jZaguo lbih\

I_j\Zy \ Jhkkbb eZ[hjZlhjbb ikboheh]bb ZghfZevgh]h ^_lkl\Z [ueZ

hldjulZ

 

\ ]

E K <u]hlkdbf ijb jmdh\h^bfhc

\ lh \j_fy < I DZs_gdh F_^bdh±i_^Z]h]bq_kdhc KlZgpbb

GZjdhfijhkZ Bkke_^h\Zgby \ h[eZklb ikboheh]bb ZghfZevgh]h ^_lkl\Z [ueb

ijh^he`_gu \

kha^Zgghf

gZ __ [Za_

\

] Wdki_jbf_glZevghf

^_n_dlheh]bq_kdhf

 

bgklblml_

GZjdhfijhkZ gug_ Bgklblml dhjj_dpbhgghc i_^Z]h]bdb J:H

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bklhjby kha^Zgby l_hj_lbq_kdbo hkgh\ KI

b f_lh^heh]bb

wdki_jbf_glZevguo

bkke_^h\Zgbc \

wlhc h[eZklb l_kgh k\yaZgZ k

bf_g_f \u^Zxs_]hky

hl_q_kl\_ggh]h

ikboheh]Z E K <u]hlkdh]h < _ ]h^u ijhr_^r_]h klhe_lby hg gZ hkgh\_ kha^Z\Z_fhc bf

\ wlhl

i_jbh^

dmevlmjgh bklhjbq_kdhc l_hjbb

jZa\blby \ukrbo ikbobq_kdbo nmgdpbc

knhjfmebjh\Ze b h[hkgh\Ze

kh\j_f_ggu_

ij_^klZ\e_gby

h ijbjh^_ b

 

kmsghklb

ZghfZevgh]h jZa\blby

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ml\_j`^Zy qlh ghjfZevguc

b ZghfZevguc

j_[_ghd jZa\b\Zxlky

ih h^gbf

b l_f

`_

aZdhgZf h[mkeh\e_gguf

dmevlmjgh bklhjbq_kdbf ijhbkoh`^_gb_f

\ukrbo ikbobq_kdbo

nmgdpbc b ki_pbnbq_kdb q_eh\_q_kdbo kihkh[ghkl_c E K <u]hlkdbc

]eZ\gmx

ijbqbgm

^_lkdhc

^_n_dlb\ghklb \b^_e \

khpbZevghf \u\bo_ LZdbf h[jZahf hg ih^q_jdb\Ze

agZq_gb_ \uiZ^_gby ZghfZevgh]h

j_[_gdZ ba bklhjbq_kdb keh`b\r_cky khpbZevghc ih

k\h_c ijbjh^_ kbkl_fu

ljZgkeypbb h[s_kl\_ggh

bklhjbq_kdh]h hiulZ gZkljh_gghc gZ

ghjfZevguc lbi jZa\blby

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hlf_qZy kms_kl\_ggh_ jZkoh`^_gb_ f_`^m ljZ_dlhjbyfb [bheh]bq_kdh]h b dmevlmjgh]h jZa\blby ZghfZevgh]h j_[_gdZ \ua\Zggh]h lZdbfb khpbZevgufb \u\boZfb E K <u]hlkdbc h[hkgh\Ze g_h[oh^bfhklv b jZkdjue rbjhdb_ \hafh`ghklb khpbZevghc dhfi_gkZpbb ^_n_dlZ aZ kq_l ihkljh_gby h[oh^guo iml_c j_r_gby l_o aZ^Zq dmevlmjgh]h jZa\blby dhlhju_ \ mkeh\byo ghjfu ^hklb]Zxlky ljZ^bpbhggufb kihkh[Zfb

B^_b E K <u]hlkdh]h jZa\blu_ b ih^l\_j`^_ggu_ _]h mq_gbdZfb b ihke_^h\Zl_eyfb E <

AZgdh\uf J ? E_\bghc B F Kheh\v_\uf G = Fhjhah\hc @ B Rbn b ^j ihkem`beb

gZmqghc hkgh\hc dZj^bgZevgh]h baf_g_gby keh`b\rboky \ Jhkkbb

\ ^hj_\hexpbhgguc

i_jbh^ ih^oh^h\ d h[mq_gbx \hkiblZgbx b khpbZevghc Z^ZilZpbb

ZghfZevguo ^_l_c

kha^Zgb_ \ kljZg_ kbkl_fu ki_pbZevgh]h h[jZah\Zgby

 

JZa\blb_ KI \g_keh

agZqbl_evguc \deZ^ b \ kha^Zgb_ h[sbo

l_hj_lbq_kdbo hkgh\

hl_q_kl\_gghc ikboheh]bb Ba\_klgh qlh fgh]b_ \Z`gu_ iheh`_gby dmevlmjgh bklhjbq_kdhc

ikboheh]bb

[ueb i_j\hgZqZevgh

knhjfmebjh\Zgu \ jZ[hlZo ihk\ys_gguo ijh[e_fZf

ZghfZevgh]h

jZa\blby

Ij_^klZ\ey_lky qlh bf_ggh ikboheh]bq_kdZy khklZ\eyxsZy

^_n_dlheh]bb \ i_jbh^

__ klZgh\e_gby \ gZb[hevr_c kl_i_gb hljZ`Z_l kZfh[ulghklv

hl_q_kl\_gghc ikboheh]bb

 

 

HgZ ijhy\ey_lky ij_`^_ \k_]h

\ ihklmeZl_ _^bgkl\Z aZdhgh\ ikbobq_kdh]h jZa\blby

q_eh\_dZ j_Zebam_fh]h

\ kZfuo

jZaguo mkeh\byo <hkijbylb_

ikbobdb dZd `b\hc

jZa\b\Zxs_cky kbkl_fu

hljZ`_gh \ klj_fe_gbb d \uy\e_gbx p_ehklghc b_jZjobq_kdb

hj]Zgbah\Zgghc dZjlbgu ZghfZebb jZa\blby ]^_ [bheh]bq_kdh_ g_[eZ]hihemqb_ ebrv

kha^Z_l i_j\bqgu_ ij_^ihkuedb hldehg_gby jZa\blby dhlhjh_ ijhy\ey_lky \h \lhjbqguo b

lj_lbqguo kh[ulbyo ijhbkoh^ysbo \ ikboheh]bq_kdhc b khpbh dmevlmjghc j_Zevghklb

JZa\blb_ KI \ ihke_\h_gguc i_jbh^ [ueh h[mkeh\e_gh g_h[oh^bfhklvx \hkklZgh\e_gby

jZa\blby b ^bnn_j_gpbZpbb

kbkl_fu ki_pbZevgh]h

h[jZah\Zgby Ihkdhevdm

bf_ggh

^bnn_j_gpbZpby kbkl_fu ki_pbZevgh]h h[jZah\Zgby \iehlv ^h o ]h^h\ jZkkfZljb\ZeZkv

dZd fZ]bkljZevguc imlv kh\_jr_gkl\h\Zgby ikboheh]h i_^Z]h]bq_kdhc ihfhsb jZaguf

dZl_]hjbyf ^_l_c k gZjmr_gbyfb jZa\blby mkbeby ikboheh]h\

\ wlhl i_jbh^

[ueb

gZijZ\e_gu ij_`^_ \k_]h gZ bamq_gb_ hkh[_gghkl_c h[mq_gby b jZa\blby ^_l_c ]eZ\guf

h[jZahf dh]gblb\ghc kn_ju \gmljb jZg__ \u^_e_gguo lbih\ ZghfZevgh]h jZa\blby

 

LZdhc ih^oh^ kihkh[kl\my ^bnn_j_gpbZpbb h[mq_gby

ke_iuo b keZ[h\b^ysbo ]emobo b

keZ[hkeusZsbo mfkl\_ggh hlklZeuo b ^_l_c k aZ^_j`dhc ikbobq_kdh]h jZa\blby b ^j

kihkh[kl\h\Ze gZdhie_gbx agZgby \h \k_o h[eZklyo KI jZa\blbx

l_hj_lbq_kdbo hkgh\ b

f_lh^h\ ^bnn_j_gpbZevghc

^bZ]ghklbdb gh \ lh `_ \j_fy

h[mkeh\be khojZg_gb_

hlghkbl_evghc bahebjh\Zgghklb b ih ij_bfms_kl\m ijbdeZ^gh]h oZjZdl_jZ jZaguo

gZijZ\e_gbc KI

 

 

 

 

I_j_hkfuke_gb_ \ _ ]hkm^Zjkl\hf b h[s_kl\hf p_gghkl_c ki_pbZevgh]h h[jZah\Zgby

\ khhl\_lkl\bb k p_gghklyfb hldjulh]h h[s_kl\Z hjb_glbjh\Zggh]h gZ bgl_]jZpbx ex^_c k

jZaebqgufb

ijh[e_fZfb \ _^bgh_ khh[s_kl\h ijb ^hklb`_gbb dZ`^uf q_eh\_dhf

fZdkbfZevgh

\ukhdh]h mjh\gy dZq_kl\Z `bagb ihlj_[h\Zeh baf_g_gby ijbhjbl_lh\ b \

jZa\blbb KI

 

< k\yab k wlbf ZdlmZevgufb klZgh\ylky jZajZ[hldZ b j_ZebaZpby f_lh^h\ ki_pbZevghc

ikboheh]bq_kdhc ih^^_j`db j_[_gdZ ih^jhkldZ \ajhkeh]h q_eh\_dZ

gZ \k_o wlZiZo _]h

\ajhke_gby H^ghc ba \Z`g_crbo aZ^Zq klZgh\blky ]ZjfhgbaZpby

hlghr_gbc f_`^m

h[mq_gb_f b jZa\blb_f \klZ_l \hijhk h[ h[_ki_q_gbb

ki_pbZevguf h[jZah\Zgb_f

khpbZevgh wfhpbhgZevgh]h jZa\blby j_[_gdZ ih^^_j`db

_]h k_fvb b [eb`Zcr_]h

khpbZevgh]h hdjm`_gby

 

 

 

<ke_^ aZ E K <u]hlkdbf

jZkkfZljb\Zy h[jZah\Zgb_ dZd

ki_pbnbq_kdb q_eh\_q_kdbc

kihkh[ i_j_^Zqb bg^b\b^m

hiulZ jh^Z dZd h^bg ba hkgh\guo f_oZgbafh\ ljZgkeypbb

h[s_kl\_ggh]h hiulZ b \Z`g_crmx dmevlmjgh bklhjbq_kdmx nhjfm klZgh\e_gby b jZa\blby kmsghklguo kbe q_eh\_dZ kh\j_f_ggZy KI \b^bl k\hb ]eZ\gu_ aZ^Zqb

\ \uy\e_gbb hkh[uo h[jZah\Zl_evguo ihlj_[ghkl_c ex^_c ih l_f beb bguf ijbqbgZf \uiZ^Zxsbo ba kbkl_fu _]h \ha^_ckl\bc hjb_glbjh\Zgguo gZ ghjfZevguc lbi jZa\blby

\ hij_^_e_gbb ikboheh]bq_kdbo mkeh\bc j_ZebaZpbb wlbo hkh[uo ihlj_[ghkl_c \ jZaebqguo nhjfZo h[mq_gby b \hkiblZgby \dexqZxsbo b ki_pbZevgmx bg^b\b^mZevgmx ihfhsv b ih^^_j`dm ijb bgl_]jZpbb \ khpbmf

LZdbf h[jZahf \ p_glj_ \gbfZgby ki_pbZebklh\ gZoh^blky l_i_jv m`_ g_

hkh[_gghklb

ikbobq_kdh]h jZa\blby ^_l_c k l_fb beb bgufb ZghfZebyfb Z ihlj_[ghklb dhgdj_lgh]h

j_[_gdZ k

hkh[_gghklyfb \

jZa\blbb \

kha^Zgbb

hilbfZevgh]h bg^b\b^mZevgh]h

h[jZah\Zl_evgh]h fZjrjmlZ iha\heyxs_]h b

khojZgblv

j_[_gdZ \ k_fv_

fZdkbfZevgh

bgl_]jbjh\Zlv \ khh[s_kl\h

h[uqguo k\_jklgbdh\

b

h[_ki_qblv _fm

Z^_d\Zlgmx

ki_pbZevgmx ikboheh]bq_kdmx ih^^_j`dm

 

 

 

 

KI lZdbf h[jZahf klZgh\blky g_ lhevdh l_hj_lbq_kdhc beb ijbdeZ^ghc h[kem`b\Zxs_c

j_ZebaZpbx

p_e_c dhjj_dpbhgghc i_^Z]h]bdb gh b

 

kZfhklhyl_evghc

ijZdlbq_kdhc

^bkpbiebghc AZ^Zqb jZa\blby ki_pbZevghc ikboheh]bq_kdhc ijZdlbdb gZqbgZxl lj_[h\Zlv fZkkh\hc ih^]hlh\db dZ^jh\ g_ lhevdh ^ey bkke_^h\Zl_evkdhc ^bZ]ghklbq_kdhc gh b ^ey ikboheh]bq_kdhc dhjj_dpbhgghc jZ[hlu

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

‹:evfZgZo BgklblmlZ Dhjj_dpbhgghc I_^Z]h]bdb J:H <k_ ijZ\Z aZsbs_gu Ebp_gaby Fbgi_qZlb WE ‹ hl fZy ]h^Z

J_]bkljZpby HN:I ‹

Ijb bkihevah\Zgbb fZl_jbZeh\ kkuedZ gZ :evfZgZo BDI J:H h[yaZl_evgZ >hdmf_glu fh]ml bkihevah\Zlvky lhevdh ^ey g_dhff_jq_kdbo b ebqguo p_e_c

Ex[h_ dhff_jq_kdh_ bkihevah\Zgb_ >hdmf_glh\ ^himkdZ_lky lhevdh k ibkvf_ggh]h jZaj_r_gby Ijb iheghc beb qZklbqghc i_j_i_qZld_ l_dklh\uo fZl_jbZeh\ \ bgl_jg_l_ ]bi_jkkuedZ gZ :evfZgZo BDI J:H h[yaZl_evgZ :^j_k we_dljhgghc ihqlu j_^ZdpbbQLNROVND\D#LVH LLS QHW

Kha^Zgb_ b ih^^_j`dZ =heh\dh\ G GDUW#LVH LLS QHW

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB