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Образовательное учреждение: Ульяновский государственный педагогический университет имени И.Н. Ульянова  Специальность: 050502.65 - Технология и предпринимательство  Группа: ТП-10  Дисциплина: Английский язык  Идентификатор студента: Потапова Елена Анатольевна  Логин: 02fs329098  Начало тестирования: 2012-06-06 13:29:15  Завершение тестирования: 2012-06-06 14:36:57  Продолжительность тестирования: 67 мин.  Заданий в тесте: 32  Кол-во правильно выполненных заданий: 31  Процент правильно выполненных заданий: 96 %

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 1 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Изучающее чтение с выделением главных компонентов содержания текста Прочитайте текст и выполните задания. Demand 1. One of the most important building blocks of economic analysis is the concept of demand. When economists refer to demand, they usually have in mind not just a single quantity demanded, but what is called a demand curve. A demand curve traces the quantity of a good or service that is demanded at successively different prices. 2. The most famous law in economics, and the one that economists are most sure of, is the law of demand. On this law is built almost the whole edifice of economics. The law of demand states that when the price of a good rises, the amount demanded falls, and when the price falls, the amount demanded rises. 3. It is not just price that affects the quantity demanded. Income affects it too. As real income rises, people buy more of some goods (which economists call normal goods) and less of what are called inferior goods. Urban mass transit and railroad transportation are classic examples of inferior goods. That is why the usage of both of these modes of travel declined so dramatically as postwar incomes were rising and more people could afford automobiles. Определите основную идею текста.

 The law of demand is the basis of the edifice of economics.

 

 A demand curve is what economists think of when they refer to demand.

 

 Railroad transportation is one of classic examples of inferior goods.

 

 The quantity demanded is affected by many factors.

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 2 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Изучающее чтение с элементами аннотирования Прочитайте текст и выполните задания. Demand 1. One of the most important building blocks of economic analysis is the concept of demand. When economists refer to demand, they usually have in mind not just a single quantity demanded, but what is called a demand curve. A demand curve traces the quantity of a good or service that is demanded at successively different prices. 2. The most famous law in economics, and the one that economists are most sure of, is the law of demand. On this law is built almost the whole edifice of economics. The law of demand states that when the price of a good rises, the amount demanded falls, and when the price falls, the amount demanded rises. 3. It is not just price that affects the quantity demanded. Income affects it too. As real income rises, people buy more of some goods (which economists call normal goods) and less of what are called inferior goods. Urban mass transit and railroad transportation are classic examples of inferior goods. That is why the usage of both of these modes of travel declined so dramatically as postwar incomes were rising and more people could afford automobiles. Завершите утверждение согласно содержанию текста.  When real income of population rises …

 people buy more normal goods and less inferior goods

 

 people buy less normal goods and more inferior goods

 

 people buy more normal goods and more inferior goods

 

 people buy less normal goods and less inferior goods

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 3 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Поисковое чтение с целью определения наличия в тексте запрашиваемой информации Прочитайте текст и выполните задания. Demand 1. One of the most important building blocks of economic analysis is the concept of demand. When economists refer to demand, they usually have in mind not just a single quantity demanded, but what is called a demand curve. A demand curve traces the quantity of a good or service that is demanded at successively different prices. 2. The most famous law in economics, and the one that economists are most sure of, is the law of demand. On this law is built almost the whole edifice of economics. The law of demand states that when the price of a good rises, the amount demanded falls, and when the price falls, the amount demanded rises. 3. It is not just price that affects the quantity demanded. Income affects it too. As real income rises, people buy more of some goods (which economists call normal goods) and less of what are called inferior goods. Urban mass transit and railroad transportation are classic examples of inferior goods. That is why the usage of both of these modes of travel declined so dramatically as postwar incomes were rising and more people could afford automobiles. Определите, какое утверждение соответствует содержанию текста.

 According to the law of demand when the price of a product rises, the amount demanded falls.

 

 According to the law of demand when the price of a product rises, the amount demanded rises.

 

 According to the law of demand when the price falls, the amount demanded falls.

 

 According to the law of demand when the price falls, the amount demanded may fall or rise.

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 4 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Изучающее чтение с элементами анализа информации Прочитайте текст и выполните задания. Demand 1. One of the most important building blocks of economic analysis is the concept of demand. When economists refer to demand, they usually have in mind not just a single quantity demanded, but what is called a demand curve. A demand curve traces the quantity of a good or service that is demanded at successively different prices. 2. The most famous law in economics, and the one that economists are most sure of, is the law of demand. On this law is built almost the whole edifice of economics. The law of demand states that when the price of a good rises, the amount demanded falls, and when the price falls, the amount demanded rises. 3. It is not just price that affects the quantity demanded. Income affects it too. As real income rises, people buy more of some goods (which economists call normal goods) and less of what are called inferior goods. Urban mass transit and railroad transportation are classic examples of inferior goods. That is why the usage of both of these modes of travel declined so dramatically as postwar incomes were rising and more people could afford automobiles. Ответьте на вопрос. What factors affect the quantity demanded?

 The quantity demanded is affected by price and real income of population.

 

 The quantity demanded is affected by price and railroad transportation.

 

 The quantity demanded is affected by normal goods.

 

 The quantity demanded is affected by price and inferior goods.

  ЗАДАНИЕ N 5 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Профессиональная лексика It was decided in the office to ______ money to buy a gift for Carol’s birthday.

 contribute

 

 borrow

 

 deposit

 

 lend

Решение: Для того чтобы правильно выполнить задание, следует знать лексику терминологического характера и перевести варианты ответов: contribute – делать пожертвования, взносы; borrow – занимать;  deposit – класть в банк; lend – одалживать, давать взаймы. Согласно контексту, только вариант ответа contribute является правильным: «В офисе было решено внести деньги на подарок Кэрол на ее день рождения».

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 6 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Термины (Дефиниции) Permission to delay payment for goods and services is a (an) …

 credit

 

 currency

 

 interest

 

 annuity

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 7 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Учебная лексика It’s important for each student to get ________ experience of work.

 practical

 

 theoretical

 

 general

 

 complete

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 8 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Деловая лексика The _______ for this position starts at €30,000 per year.

 salary

 

 wage

 

 payment

 

 tip

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 9 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Профессионально-деловая сфера Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения.  Secretary: « Hello. Can I speak to Kate Crawford, please?» Employee: «_______________».

 This is Kate Crawford speaking.

 

 Who’s that?

 

 No.

 

 I can’t say for sure.

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 10 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Социально-деловая сфера Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения. A: «What kind of food would you like to eat?» B: «_______________».

 Well, I'm not sure. Can you suggest something?

 

 I don't like spaghetti.

 

 I want raw fish.

 

 Nothing.

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 11 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Учебно-социальная сфера Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения. Student A.: «Could you give me your dictionary for a few hours?» Student B.: «_______________».

 Here it is.

 

 Don’t forget to return it.

 

 It’s a pleasure for me to give you my dictionary.

 

 Of course, I’ll give you my dictionary.  

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 12 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Бытовая сфера Выберите реплику, наиболее соответствующую ситуации общения. A.: «Could you show me the way to the nearest hotel?» B.: «__________________».

 I’m afraid, I can’t.

 

 I don’t know.

 

 No, I can’t.

 

 That’s OK.

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 13 сообщить об ошибке Тема: США The building where the US Congress meets is called the …

 Capitol

 

 White House

 

 Monument

 

 Mall

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 14 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Великобритания The collective decision-making body of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom, composed of the Prime Minister and some 22 Cabinet Ministers is called …

 the Cabinet

 

 the Shadow Cabinet

 

 The British Parliament

 

 Ministry of Justice of the UK

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 15 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Выдающиеся личности англо-говорящих стран The Prime Minister who used to say to the Cabinet of Ministers: «When I want your opinion, I`ll give it to you!» is …

 Margaret Thatcher

 

 Winston Churchill

 

 Quentin Bryce

 

 Hillary Clinton

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 16 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Канада The slogan associated with Canada's constitution is …

 peace, order and good government

 

 liberty, equality, fraternity

 

 life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness

 

 peace, work, happiness

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 17 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Существительное The police _______ little information about the robbery. 

 have

 

 has

 

 possesses

 

 has got

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 18 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Словообразование Some plants are poisonous, so you must be _______ what you eat.

 careful

 

 careless

 

 carefully

 

 carefree

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 19 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий The city centre was not so _________ as usual.

 crowded

 

 more crowded

 

 much more crowded

 

 the most crowded

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 20 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Местоимения «Who’s that man?»  «That’s the man _______ you about».

 I asked

 

 which I asked

 

 what I asked

 

 whose I asked

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 21 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Модальные глаголы We ________ pay for the tickets as Fiona won them in a competition.

 didn’t have to

 

 mustn’t

 

 couldn’t

 

 hadn’t to

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 22 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Предлоги Sasha’s not going to have a party ________ her birthday this year.

 on

 

 in

 

 at

 

 for

 ЗАДАНИЕ N 23 сообщить об ошибке Тема: Глагол и его формы What _______ doing since you returned from school?  Your homework isn’t ready.

 have you been

 

 are you

 

 were you

 

 will you be

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