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Food and Drinks

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Food and drink

Study

Which of these vegetables can you find in the picture? Label each vegetable in the picture with the appropriate number.

1 onion

7 potato

12

cabbage

17 lettuce

22

celery

2 peas

8 beans

13

beetroot

18 tomato

23

cauliflower

3 asparagus

9 carrot

14

broccoli

19 chicory

24

artichoke

4 parsnip

10

turnip

15 swede

20 leek

25

marrow

5 courgette

11

mushroom

16 watercress

21 spinach 26 radish

6 brussel sprouts

Now try and do the same with the different fruit below. Then mark your favourite fruit and vegetables by putting a ring round the number beside each of them.

1 apple

7

orange

12

cherry

17 pear

22 plum

2

apricot

8

peach

13

strawberry

18

raspberry 23 gooseberry

3

rhubarb

9

blackberry

14

grapefruit

19

banana

24 lemon

4

melon

10 grapes

15

pineapple

20 fig

25 date

5 nuts

11 coconut

16 currants

21

mango

26 lime

6 pawpaw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice

Meat

This is a short section, in case you are a vegetarian! Most cuts of meat are spoken of in English which comes from 'polite' Norman French. The parts that fall off or out of the animal when it is cut up (offal) tend to come from Anglo-Saxon. Which of these meats are your favourites? Which wouldn't you eat for a million dollars?

a joint of beef

oxtail

beefsteak

ox tongue

stewing beef/ steak

 

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Food and drink

 

a fillet of beef

 

veal cutlets

calf's liver

veal escalopes

calf's heart

a shoulder of veal

calf's foot

lamb chops

lamb's brains

a shoulder of mutton

sheep's head

a leg of pork

pig's kidney

pork sausages

pig's blood

Note that the pig is also responsible for providing us with cured and smoked meat: ham, gammon andbacon.

Poultry

These are birds which can be eaten but are not hunted with a shotgun. Read the questions and select or write the appropriate answer for each of them.

1Which of these five birds is white in the northern hemisphere but can be black in Australia?

a chicken b turkey с swan d goose e duck

2 What is eaten with each of the above types of poultry in your country?

Game

Game is the group name for the wild animals and birds which are hunted and then eaten (rabbits, hares etc). Select or write an answer for each question.

1 One of these meats is not from a bird. Which is it?

a pheasant b venison с partridge d pigeon e grouse

2How popular is this type offood in your country?

3Should shooting game as a sport be encouraged or discouraged?

Fish

Read the questions and select the appropriate answer(s) for each ofthem.

1 Which of these would you describe as white fish and which is oily?

a

sole b cod

с plaice d trout e haddock f salmon g eel

h

mackerel і

herring

2Some of the above fish are freshwater fish, that is to say they spend all or most of their life in a river. Some are sea fish. Underline the freshwater fish.

3Ring your favourites in the list of fish in question 1. Then select how you like each

ofthem cooked.

a grilled b fried с baked d smoked e in a sauce f in a soup g in a stew

4 One of these is not an example of shellfish (seafood). Which one?

a

crab

b lobster с shrimp d prawn e oyster f cockle

g

mussel

h kipper

Cereals and grasses

Match the list of cereals 1- 6 with statements a - f.

1 wheat 2 maize 3 rye 4 barley 5 oats 6 rice

aMost porridge is made ofit. It is also used to feed horses.

bIt is the staple diet in the East.

с It provides corn on the cob, a lot of cornflour, and American whisky.

d It is used to make black bread, cattle feed and some kinds of American whisky.

eIt is used a lot in brewing and soups and malt is made from it.

fIt is used to make white bread and most pasta.

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Food and drink

Pasta

Talking of pasta, below are a few of the approximately thirty types that are most commonly eaten. Ring those that you like most.

a spaghetti b macaroni с noodles d ravioli e lasagne

Herbs and spices

[1]Which of these herbs do you like to use in your cooking? What sort of food do you use them with?

1 garlic

4 parsley

. 7 thyme

2 marjoram

5 rosemary

8 bay leaf

3 mint

6 sage

9 oregano

[2] Which of these spices would you find it difficult to live without?

1 black or white pepper

 

5 nutmeg

2 cayenne pepper

 

6 cinnamon

3 vanilla

7

pimento (paprika)

4 ginger

8

chilli

[3]Do you agree that if the ingredients of the meal have the proper taste you don't need all that seasoning?

What our food contains

Look at the advertisement on the next page, which lists for you some of the elements in the food we eat, for example protein, carbohydrates etc. Ask yourself how much you eat of each in a typical day's diet.

Food in general

[1] Write or discuss the answers to these questions.

1How careful are you about having a well-balanced or a calorie-controlled diet?

2How healthy do you think healthfoods really are?

3We should all 'eat, drink and be merry'. Do you agree?

4What (in detail) are your favourite restaurant meals at about these prices: a £2.50? (cheap)

b £5.00? (quite reasonable)

с £10? (average)

d£20 - 25? (expensive)

[2]Write or act out a conversation with a waiter. You are ordering one of the meals you listed above. Remember the sort of restaurant you're in and be prepared to choose an alternative if what you ask for is unavailable.

[3]Write a page from your diary. It is the fifteenth day that you have been on a really strict diet.

[4]Write, in dialogue form, a conversation between a butcher and a regular customer who does not find any of the meat in the window particularly attractive or good value.

89

Food and drink

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Add any other words about food and drink as you meet them.

90

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