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The Рresent Indefinite (Simple) Tense / Настоящее неопределенное время

– Употребляется для выражения действия обычного, постоянного, повторяющегося.

Утвердительная форма

Вопросительная форма

Отрицательная форма

...  +  I

Do/Does ... +  I ?

... do/does not +  I

I play.

Я играю. (обычно, часто,...)

Do I play?

Я играю?

I do not (=don't) play.

Я не играю.

He

She

It

plays

Does

he

she

it

play?

He

She

It

does not play

=(doesn't play)

We

You

They

play

Do

we

you

they

play?

We

You

They

do not play

=(don't play)

We live in Russia. – Я живу в России.

I get up at 7 o’clock every morning. – Я встаю в 7 часов каждое утро.

My friend speaks English very well. – Мой друг очень хорошо говорит по-английски.

Обратите внимание на то, что в 3-ем лице ед. числа глагол принимает окончание -s или - es, которое читается по тем же правилам, что и окончание множественного числа имен существительных.

Для вопросительных и отрицательных предложений используется вспомогательный глагол DO или DOES (для 3-го лица ед. числа).

We don’t live in Russia. – Я живу в России.

I don’t get up at 7 o’clock every morning. – Я встаю в 7 часов каждое утро.

My friend doesn’t speak English very well. – Мой друг очень хорошо говорит по-английски.

Do we live in Russia?

Do I get up at 7 o’clock every morning?

Does my friend speak English very well?

Краткий ответ: Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.

Обычный, повторяющийся характер действия часто подчеркивается наречиями частотности:

never often always

15% 30% 75%

0% 50% 100%

rarely sometimes usually

hardly ever

В предложении они стоят между подлежащим и сказуемым.

I always get up at 7 o’clock. - Я всегда встаю в 7 часов.

We sometimes work at weekends. - Мы иногда работаем по выходным.

Уверд.форма

Отрицат.

форма

Вопросит.

форма

Положит.

ответ

Отрицат.

ответ

I work

You work

He works

She works

It works

We work

You work

They work

I don’t work

You don’t work

He doesn’t work

She doesn’t work

It doesn’t work

We don’t work

You don’t work

They don’t work

Do I work?

Do you work?

Does he work?

Does she work?

Does it work?

Do we work?

Do you work?

Do they work?

Yes, I do.

Yes, you do.

Yes, he does.

Yes, she does.

Yes, it does.

Yes, we do.

Yes, you do.

Yes, they do.

No, I don’t.

No, you don’t.

No, he doesn’t.

No, she doesn’t.

No, it doesn’t.

No, we don’t.

No, you don’t.

No, they don’t.

Глагол «иметь – have» в 3-ем лице ед. числа имеет форму «has»:

He has lunch at home. Он обедает дома.

Exercise 2. Write and say the verbs in the 3rd person singular.

  1. I get to work − he/she ___________________

  2. I work late − he/she _____________________

  3. I go to bed − he/she _____________________

  4. I make coffee − he/she ___ _______________

  5. I entertain − he/she _____________________

  6. I dress − he/she ________________________

  7. I shave − he/she _______________________

  8. I live − he/she _________________________

  9. I get up − he/she _______________________

  10. I earn − he/she _______________________

  11. I leave − he/she _______________________

12. I go home − he/she _____________________

Exercise 3. Look at Philip’s daily routine and make sentences as in the example

Example: Philip gets up at 7 a.m.

Talk about your daily routine. What time do you do those activities? What do you do at those times?

Exercise 4. Make these sentences true or false for you. Correct the false sentences

Example: I work on Saturdays.  or X I don't work on Saturdays.

  1. I get up at 5.30 a.m. 2. I have breakfast in a cafe. 3. I finish work at 7 p.m. 4. I have a bath in the evening. 5. I go to bed at midnight. 6. I send e-mails every day. 7. I work during lunchtime. 8. I go on local business trips every month. 9. I work overtime every day. 10. I give speeches once a year. 11. I work late at night once a week. 12. I entertain foreign visitors twice a month. 13. I have dinner with customers three times a week. 14. I take work home twice a week. 15.I make coffee three times a day.

Exercise 5. Make these sentences negative. Use the pronouns “I”, “we”, “you”, “they”.

Example: He lives in a flat. They don't live in a flat.

  1. She has a status meeting on Monday. – We _________________________

  2. My secretary listens to voice mail in the morning. – I ____________________________

  3. He spends the whole day in the office. – They____________________________

  4. She does the filing in the afternoon. –I _________________________________

  5. My boss works overtime almost every day. – We ________________________________

  6. My friend takes work home. – You ___________________________________________

  7. Her husband earns a lot of money. – I ________________________________________

  8. She works late every Tuesday. – They ________________________________________

  9. We entertain visitors every month. – You _____________________________________

  10. He gives speeches every week. – I____________________________________