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Definitions

Absolute advantage refers to the ability of a party (an individual, or firm, or country) to produce more of a good or service than competitors, using the same amount of resources.

The Bush Doctrine is a phrase used to describe various related foreign policy principles of former United States president George W. Bush.The phrase initially described the policy that the United States had the right to secure itself against countries that harbor or give aid to terrorist groups, which was used to justify the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan.

 ASEAN- The Association of Southeast Asian Nations is a geo-political and economic organization of ten countries located in Southeast Asia, which was formed on 8 August 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.

CIS(снг)- The Commonwealth of Independent States is a regional organization whose participating countries are former Soviet Republics, formed during the breakup of the Soviet Union

The Cold War was a continuing state of political conflict, military tension, proxy wars, and economic competition between the powers of the Western world, led by the United States and its NATO allies, and the communist world, led by theSoviet Union, its satellite states and allies

The collective goods problem is the problem of how to provide something that benefits all members of a group regardless(несмотря на) of what each member contributes to it.

Common market- free trade area with relatively free movement of capital and of services, but not so advanced in reduction of the rest of the trade barriers.

Comparative advantage- a situation, when 2 countries  (or other kinds of parties, such as individuals or firms thereas) will both gain from trade if, in the absence of trade, they have different relative costs for producing the same goods. Even if one country is more efficient in the production of all goods (absolute advantage) than the other, both countries will still gain by trading with each other, as long as they have different relative efficiencies.

The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Metternich, and held in Vienna from September, 1814 to June, 1815

 constructivism is the claim that significant aspects of international relations are historically and socially contingent(условный.случайный,возможный), rather than inevitable(неизбежный) consequences of human nature or other essential characteristics of world politics.

Containment was a United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism abroad

The Council of Europe(Совет Европы)- is an international organisation promoting co-operation between all countries of Europe in the areas of legal standards, human rights, democratic development, the rule of law and cultural co-operation.

customs union  is a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff. The participant countries set up common external trade policy, but in some cases they use different import quotas. Common competition policy is also helpful to avoid competition deficiency.

Dependency theory or dependencia theory is a body of social science theories predicated on the notion that resources flow from a "periphery" of poor and underdeveloped states to a "core" of wealthy states, enriching the latter at the expense(расходах) of the former

Dominance - the state that exists when one person or group has power over another

economic union is a type of trade bloc which is composed of a common market with a customs union

The European Parliament is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union

The European Commission is the executive(исполнительный) body of the European Union, which is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing(осуществляющий) decisions, upholding(отстаивание) the Union's treaties and the general day-to-day running of the Union

European Council(Европейский совет)- is an institution of the European Union. It comprises the heads of state or government of the EU member states, along with thePresident of the European Commission and the President of the European Council

Feminism is a collection of movements aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, and social rights for women.

The Gulf War  was a war waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

Free trade is a policy by which a government does not discriminate against imports or interfere with exports by applying tariffs (to imports) or subsidies (to exports). 

The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for the humanitarian treatment of the victims of war. 

Genocide is defined as "the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or in part, of an ethnic, racial, religious, or national group

Globalization  refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture, people and economic activity. Most often, it refers to economics: the global distribution of the production of goods and services, through reduction of barriers to international trade such as tariffs, export fees, and import quotas

Hegemony is an indirect form of imperial dominance in which the hegemon (leader state) rules sub-ordinate states by the implied means of power rather than direct military force

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