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МОСКОВСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ПУТЕЙ СООБЩЕНИЯ (МИИТ)

Кафедра «Иностранные языки-1»

Практикум

по английскому языку по устным темам

для студентов I курса всех специальностей ИУИТа, Гуманитарного института, Юридического

института и Вечернего факультета

по дисциплине

"Английский язык"

МОСКВА - 2010

МОСКОВСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ПУТЕЙ СООБЩЕНИЯ (МИИТ)

Кафедра «Иностранные языки-1»

Практикум

по английскому языку по устным темам

по дисциплине

"Английский язык"

МОСКВА - 2010

МОСКОВСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ПУТЕЙ СООБЩЕНИЯ (МИИТ)

Кафедра «Иностранные языки – 1»

Практикум

по английскому языку по устным темам

Рекомендовано редакционно-издательским советом университета в качестве практикума

для студентов I курса всех специальностей ИУИТа, Гуманитарного института, Юридического

института и Вечернего факультета

под редакцией Е.В. Федоткиной

МОСКВА – 2010

УДК 42

П 69

Практикум по английскому языку по устным темам для студентов I курса всех специальностей ИУИТа, Гуманитарного института, Юридического института и Вечернего факультета / под редакцией Е.В. Федоткиной. – М.: МИИТ, 2010. – 84 с.

Практикум предназначен для развития навыков и умений устной речи по темам, указанным в «Рабочих программах» по курсу «Иностранные языки». Практикум представляет собой коллективный труд преподавателей кафедры «Иностранные языки - 1» Гуманитарного института.

Он включает 6 модулей, 30 тем и приложение. Текстовый материал заимствован из оригинальной английской литературы и адаптирован в соответствии с целью данных методических разработок.

Апресян К.Г.- Модуль I темы 2, 3, Модуль II тема 4,

Модуль V тема 1, Модуль V I темы 2-10

Приложение: № 5, 8

Дергунова Л.Е. - Модуль III тема 4

Дронова Н. А. - Модуль IV тема 2

Солопенко Т.А. - Модуль III темы 2, 3, 5,6,7 Модуль V тема 3

Мирзабекова А.А - Модуль I тема 1, Модуль II тема 3

Мохнаткина Г.В. - Модуль II тема 2

Петрова И.М - Модуль II темы 1, 3

Решетникова В.В. – Модуль IV тема 1

Русакова Н.В. - Модуль V тема 4, Модуль VI тема 9

Черкас В.Ю. – Приложение: № 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7

©Московский государственный университет

путей сообщения (МИИТ), 2010

Учебно-методическое издание

Практикум по английскому языку по устным темам

для студентов I курса всех специальностей ИУИТа, Гуманитарного института, Юридического института и

Вечернего факультета

под редакцией Е.В. Федоткиной

Подписано в печать Формат Тираж 200 экз.

Усл.- печ. л. - Заказ Изд. № 279-10

127994, Москва, ул. Образцова, 9, стр.9, гсп - 4

Типография МИИТа

84

Module I: About myself, applying for a job

Text 1: About myself

Let me introduce myself. I am Gleb Pavlov. I was born on the 29 of September, 1993 in Moscow. I live in Moscow with my family, which is not large. There are three of us: my mother, my father and me.

I would like to begin with my mother, a pleasant – looking woman, age 42. Her name is Elena Pavlova. She works as the Personnel Manager for the Car-Trade company. She is well respected by her colleagues and highly spoken about proficiency at work. The next one to speak about is my father, he is 45. His name is Andrew Pavlov. He is a very experienced IT technician at Kurskiy Railway station. They are always ready to support me and give me some good advice

Now some words about me. I am tolerant, easy-going and responsible and diligent. I am fond of sport, music, literature and foreign languages. I am a confident computer user. This year I`ve left secondary school and got the Certificate of Complete Secondary Education. To get this document I had to pass three Unified State Exams of Mathematics, Russian language and Social science. The total score of them gave me a chance to apply for five universities and be accepted by two of them. But I have chosen Moscow State University Railway Engineering. The University is the leading and the largest transport institution in Russia.

Now I am a first year full time student of MSURE, studying at the Institute of Railway Operation and Information Technologies. These days it is evident for almost everyone that to have a good education and a permanent job you need to know at least one foreign language and English is the most useful language to learn. We have English only once a week, so I`ve decided to join evening classes of the University Language Centre to have extra lessons on English.

After graduating from the University I am interested in getting a prestigious and well-paid job in the sphere of Railway Management.

Questions for discussion:

  1. When and where were you born?

  2. What are your parents?

  3. What are the main features of your character?

  4. What are you fond of?

  5. What exams did you have to pass to get the Certificate of Complete Secondary Education?

  6. Would you like to improve your foreign language?

  7. You had to take entrance examinations, didn’t you?

  8. What are you now?

  9. Where are you going to work after graduating from the University?

  10. What are your plans for the future?

Text 2: Applying for a job

Finding permanent or summer employment is often a difficult and confusing process, with stressful interviews and unfamiliar rules of etiquette. First of all it is important to know where to learn about job openings. You can get the information about a vacancy through personal contacts, classified advertisings in national and local newspapers, trade magazines, the Internet resources, and employment agencies.

The most important rule to remember when applying for a job is to follow the directions. If the employer tells you to apply in person, don't call. If the job posting says to mail your resume, do not send it via email.

After you have found some jobs that interest you, the next step is to apply for them and to prepare thoroughly for the entire hiring process, so you can pass the interview and receive a job offer.

Many potential employers require completing an application form and submitting a CV / resume. Later an applicant will need to go on interview to meet with an employer face to face.

An application form contains information on a candidate`s education, work experience and skills. Often, your application form is the only information your potential employer has about you, so it should be complete, correct (no errors) and accurate. It needs to tell them clearly what makes you suitable for the vacancy. The most suitable candidates, based on their applications, will be interviewed and you need to be among them.

A CV/ resume is a summary of educational background, work experience, and accomplishments, as well as research experience, publications, presentations, awards, honors, and other details. The primary differences between a resume and a CV are the length, what is included and what each is used for. A Resume is used exclusively in the USA. A CV is used in Europe, Asia and Africa. While a resume is brief and concise - no more than a page or two, a Curriculum Vitae is a longer and more detailed summary. A Resume emphasizes information on the experience, abilities and studies relevant for the objectives that must be fulfilled in a certain position for which you are applying. A CV is a compilation of all the academic data and experience of a person throughout his/her life.

The purpose of a CV / resume is to get an interview. Thus, your CV / resume needs to be perfect and persuasive to impress the hiring manager. There is a saying “First impression lasts long”. Your CV / resume makes the first impression on an employer. It must be to the point and needs to set out, clearly but briefly, why you want the job and what you can do for the Company. It's important to include all your contact information in your CV / resume, so employers can easily get in touch with you.

A job interview is one of the most important parts of your job search. An interview is a formal discussion, in which an employer assesses an applicant for a job. Once you have been selected for a job interview, it's important to prepare properly. That means practicing interview questions and answers, dressing in appropriate interview clothes. After an interview, it is advantageous to send a thank-you note. This helps establish a relationship with the recruiter, shows interest in the position, and indicates personal responsibility. The first interview may be followed up with the second round. From there it is a short wait until the company calls back with their offer, or mails a rejection.

Thus, it is evident that getting a job depends on many factors such as an impressive application form, a well-done CV / resume and a job interview. Your chances of getting the job increase in proportion to the amount of time you spend preparing, so it really is worth the effort.

*Appendix: № 1, 2, 3

Questions for discussion:

  1. What sources can you use to find information about vacancies?

  2. What is the most important rule to follow when applying for a job?

  3. What is an application form?

  4. What is a CV / resume?

  5. What is the difference between a resume and a CV?

  6. What is the purpose of a CV / resume?

  7. What is a job interview?

  8. What will you have to prepare properly to a job interview?

  9. What is the purpose of a thank-you note?

  10. What are the factors that influence on getting a job?

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