TERM I

GRAMMAR REFERENCE.

(Грамматический справочник.) the numeral (числительное)

1 one 11 eleven

2 two 12 twelve 20 twenty

3 three 13 thirteen 30 thirty

4 four 14 fourteen 40 forty

5 five 15 fifteen 50 fifty

6 six 16 sixteen 60 sixty

7 seven 17 seventeen 70 seventy

8 eight 18 eighteen 80 eighty

9 nine 19 nineteen 90 ninety

1

Numbers over 100

101 a/one hundred (and) one

121 a/one hundred (and) twenty-one

200 two hundred

232 two hundred (and) thirty-two

999 nine hundred (and) ninety-nine

0 ten

Numbers over 20

21 twenty-one

22 twenty-two

32 thirty-two

99 ninety-nine

Note: In British English they say: two hundred and thirty-two. But in American English: two hundred thirty-two.

Numbers over 1000

1001 a/one thousand (and) one

1121 one thousand one hundred (and) twenty-one

2000 two thousand

2232 two thousand two hundred (and) thirty-two

9999 nine thousand nine hundred (and) ninety-nine

In English, we write thousands with a comma: 1,000 (one thousand) 4,250 (four thousand, two hundred and fifty)

If you don't hear an important number, ask the other person to repeat:

Sorry, can yоu repeat that, please?”

Approximate numbers are easier to say:

98 - about a hundred (приблизительно 100)

968,000 - about a million (приблизительно 1 миллион)

Ordinal numbers( порядковые числительные)

Dates (даты)

1624 sixteen twenty-four

1903 nineteen-oh-three

1987 nineteen eighty-seven

2006 two thousand and six

20th - twentieth

21st - twenty-first

25th - twenty-fifth

90th - ninetieth

99th - ninety-ninth

100th - hundredth

101st - hundred and first

225th - two hundred (and) twenty-fifth

Dates

Use ordinal numbers: 1st January, 2nd February, 2lst May

Use the preposition on for days and dates: on Monday, on 5th May

Use the preposition in for months and years: in April, in 2009

Note the difference between British and US English:

British: 4th June 2008 = 4/6/2008

US: June 4th 2008 = 6/4/2008

We write: 1807, 1995, 2008

We say: eighteen oh seven, nineteen ninety-five, two thousand and eight

Prices

When we write, the currency sign goes before the number: $l, €2

When we speak, the number goes before the currency: one dollar, two euros

There is more than one way to say some prices: $2.50: two dollars, fifty cents / two dollars fifty / two fifty; £4.95: four pounds ninety-five pence / four pounds ninety-five / four ninety-five

Other examples:

£495.00: Four hundred and ninety-five pounds, €2,000.00: two thousand euros,

$lm: one million dollars NOT one million of dollars, £5m: five million pounds, €10bn: ten billion euros

In emails, we often write the currency code: 50 USD: 50 US dollars, 25 ZAD: 25 South African rand

Telling the time

a.m. - ante meridiem (before 12 noon) - до полудня, в утренние часы (c 12 часов ночи до 12 часов дня)

p.m. - post meridiem (after 12 noon) - после полудня

The pronoun (местоимение)

ЛИЧНЫЕ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ

ПРИТЯЖАТЕЛЬНЫЕ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ

ПРИТЯЖАТЕЛЬНЫЕ МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ

(абсолютная форма)

ВОЗВРАТНЫЕ МЕСТОИМЕНЯ

именительный падеж

объектный падеж

I

Я

Me

мне/меня

My

мой, моя, мои, моё

Mine

мой, моя, мои, моё

Myself

We

Мы

Us

нам/нас

Our

наш, наша, наши, наше

Ours

наш, наша, наши, наше

Ourselves

You (ед.ч.)

Ты

You

тебе/тебя

Your

твой, твоя, твои, твоё

Yours

твой, твоя, твои, твоё

Yourself

You (мн.ч.)

вы

You

вам/вас

Your

ваш, ваша, ваши, ваше

Yours

ваш, ваша, ваши, ваше

Yourselves

He

он

Him

ему/его

His

его

His

его

Himself

She

она

Her

её/ей

Her

её

Hers

её

Herself

They

они

Them

им/их

Their

их

Theirs

их

Themselves

It

оно/он/она

It

ему/ей, его/её

Its

его/ee

Its

Его/ee

Itself

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