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2011 phonetics / Hand out 2 / Pan and Pen / Pan and Pen

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Unit Eight: [æ] & [e] – pat [pæt], pet [pet]

How to Make the Sounds

To make [æ], put your tongue low and pushed forward a little. Spread your lips slightly, and keep your jaw open. For [e], close your jaw while saying [æ] and you will hear the change to [e].

Exercise One: Word Repetition

ad than bet blend

ham man ten led

mass clam meddle net

ladder sandwich step dress

Sally Andy Dennis Fred

Exercise Two: Minimal Pairs

then than Brendan Brandon

bet bat Kent can't

met mat bread Brad

blend bland guess gas

end and led lad

Exercise Three: Phrases with [æ]

1. yes no 3. yes no 5. yes no 7. yes no

2. yes no 4. yes no 6. yes no 8. yes no

Exercise Four: Minimal Pair Distinction Part One

1. The boys set/sat their bottoms down on the curb. 2. They bought a lot of gems/jams from the specialty shop. 3. All my friends saw me and left/laughed. 4. He was sending/sanding some furniture when I called. 5. The sea captain's ____________ was big. 6. The Prime Minister was _________________ to be home. 7. The church service was a real ______________. 8. The gymnast managed a ____________ at the Olympics.

Exercise Five: Dictation

1. _____________________________________ ad said.

2. ____________________________________________

3. ___________________________ lacks____________

4. ____________________________ bland __________

5. ______________________________________ batter.

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