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World around us - Part 1 - Student's Book.doc
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Усна практика III курс V семестр – Student's Book тематичний план

Курс вивчається в 2 семестрах і розрахований на 374 годин (306 – аудиторних, 34 – самостійної роботи та 34 – індивідуальної роботи). Форма контролю у 5 семестрі – екзамен, та 6 семестрі – залік.

5 Семестр

№ п/п

Назва теми

Кількість годин

Всього

Лекції

Практичні заняття

Самостійна робота

Індивідуальна робота

Модуль 1

1

PhysicalGeography

52

14

14

14

15

2

Climate and Weather

50

14

14

14

20

Всього за 1-й модуль

102

28

28

28

25

Модуль 2

2

Environmental problems

50

14

14

14

5

3

Travelling

52

14

14

14

5

Всього за 2-й модуль

102

28

27

28

35

Всього

204

28

28

28

35

Module 1 Topic 1: Physical Geography

  1. Physical geography. Essential vocabulary. Vocabulary study. Articles with geographic names.

  2. Countries, capitals, nationalities, national languages.

  3. Geo-political names. Test on essential vocabulary.

  4. Physical geography of Great Britain.

  5. Physical geography of the USA. Comparative analysis of physical geography of Great Britain and the USA.

  6. Physical geography of Ukraine. Comparative analysis of physical geography of Great Britain, the USA and Ukraine.

  7. Antarctica.

  8. Reports “Physical geography of a county or a state”.

Topic 2: Climate and weather

  1. Climate and weather. Essential vocabulary. Vocabulary study.

  2. Climate of the world.

  3. Weather. Listening.

  4. Climate and weather in Great Britain.

  5. Climate and weather in the USA. Comparative analysis of climate and weather in Great Britain and the USA.

  6. Climate and weather in Ukraine. Comparative analysis of physical geography of Great Britain, the USA and Ukraine.

  7. Dialogues “What’s the weather like…?” Listening. Test on essential vocabulary.

  8. Weather forecast. Effective forecasting. Listening.

  9. Revision. Exercises.Listening.

  10. Module test on “Physical geography” and “Weather and climate”.

Module 2

Topic 3: Environmental problems.

  1. Environmental problems. Vocabulary study. Exercises. Essential vocabulary.

  2. Natural disasters. Vocabulary study. Exercises. Essential vocabulary.

  3. Living in modern world. Film “Car: a friend or an enemy?” Test on essential vocabulary.

  4. Air pollution. Ways of solution.

  5. Water pollution. Ways of solution.

  6. Deforestation. Ways of solution.

  7. Destruction of ozone layer. Greenhouse effect. Ways of solution.

  8. Nuclear power. Conference against pollution.

Topic 4: Travelling. Customs and traditions

  1. Journeys and places. Listening.

  2. Custom. Listening.

  3. Countries and traditions. Listening. Test on essential vocabulary.

  4. A country to visit. Visa. Listening.

  5. Embassy. Listening.

  6. Travel agencies. Vacation packages. Listening.

  7. Guided tours. Listening.

  8. Module test on “Environmental problems. Natural disasters” and “Travelling. Countries and customs”.

III Year, 5 TERM

(Edited version)

Contents

1. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

1.1. Geographical Features

1.2. Countries and nationalities

1.3. Geo-political Names

2. Climate. Weather

2.1. Climate. Weather

2.2. Seasons

2.3. Weather Forecast

3. Environmental protection

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

Geographical Features

Vocabulary Study

Study the vocabulary given below. Be ready to give definitions to geographical terms.

Part 1

1

a continent

a large mass of land surrounded by sea

2

a country

an area of land that is controlled by its own government, president, king

3

a state

a country considered as a political organization = nation

4

a county

an area of a state or country that has its own government to deal with local matters

5

a city

a large town, that has been given an official title by a king or queen

6

a town

a large area with houses, shops, offices etc where people live and work, that is smaller than a city and larger than a village

7

a village

a very small town in the countryside

8

the tropics

the hottest part of the world, which is around the equator

9

a jungle; jungles

a thick tropical forest with many large plants growing very close together

10

a desert

a large area of land where it is always very hot and dry, and there is a lot of sand

11

a pole

the most northern or most southern point on a planet, especially, the Earth

12

a polar circle

close to or relating to the North Pole or the South Pole

13

the Equator [I'kweItq]

an imaginary line drawn around the middle of the Earth that is exactly the same distance from the North Pole and the South Pole

14

a latitude ['lxtItju:d]

(parallel of latitude, parallel) - the distance north or south of the equator (= the imaginary line around the middle of the world), measured in degrees - широта

15

a longitude (meridian of longitude, meridian) ['lPndZItju:d]

the distance east or west of a particular meridian (= imaginary line along the Earth's surface from the North Pole to the South Pole), measured in degrees - долгота

16

an altitude ['xltItju:d]

the height of an object or place above the sea - - высота; высота над уровнем моря

17

steppe (the steppes)

a large area of land without trees, especially in Russia, Asia, and eastern Europe

Part 2

1

a river

a natural and continuous flow of water in a long line across a country into the sea

2

a stream

a natural flow of water that moves across the land and is narrower than a river = ручей, ручеёк

3

a brook

a small stream

4

a pond

a small area of fresh water that is smaller than a lake, that is either natural or artificially made

5

a lake

a large area of water surrounded by land

6

a creek

(Br.E.) - a long narrow area of water that flows from the sea into the land; (Am.E.) - a small narrow stream or river

7

a sea

the large area of salty water that covers much of the earth's surface

8

an ocean

the great mass of salt water that covers most of the Earth's surface

9

a river basin

an area from which all the water flows into the same river = бассейн реки

10

an estuary ['estSV(q)rI]

the wide part of a river where it goes into the sea = mouth - устье (реки); эстуарий, дельта

11

a delta

an area of low land where a river spreads into many smaller rivers near the sea

12

a mouth

the part of a river where it joins the sea = устье

13

a source

the place where a stream or river starts = верховье; исток

14

a riverbed

the ground at the bottom of a river = русло реки

15

a tributary

a stream or river that flows into a larger river = приток

16

a waterfall

a place where water from a river or stream falls down over a cliff or rock - водопад

17

a strait

a narrow passage of water between two areas of land, usually connecting two seas = (узкий) пролив

18

a swamp

land that is always very wet or covered with a layer of water = болото, топь, трясина

19

a tidewater

(Br.E.) - water that flows onto the land or into rivers when the tide rises - воды прилива; приливная вода

(Am.E.) -anareaoflandatornearthecoast= водное пространство, подверженное действию приливов и отливов

20

a divide (Am.E.)

= (Br.E.) watershed a line of high ground between two river systems

21

a boil (Am.E.)

= a whirlpool (Br.E.) - a powerful current of water that spins around and can pull things down into it = водоворот

Part 3

1

a cove

part of the coast where the land curves round so that the sea is partly surrounded by land = a bay - небольшая бухта

2

a bay

a part of the sea that is partly enclosed by a curve in the land - бухта, залив

3

agulf

морской залив; бухта

4

an island

a piece of land completely surrounded by water

5

a peninsula [pI'nInsjVlq]

a piece of land almost completely surrounded by water but joined to a large area of land

6

a cliff

a large area of rock or a mountain with a very steep side, often at the edge of the sea or a river

7

agorge[gO:dZ]

узкое ущелье; узкий проход

8

a canyon ['kxnjqn]

a deep valley with very steep sides of rock that usually has a river running through it - каньон, глубокое ущелье

9

a prairie

a wide open area of fairly flat land in North America which is covered in grass or wheat

10

a plain

a large area of flat dry = равнина

11

a valley

an area of lower land between two lines of hills or mountains, usually with a river flowing through it

12

a cape

a large piece of land surrounded on three sides by water = мыс

13

a coast

the area where the land meets the sea

14

a coastline

the land on the edge of the coast, especially the shape of this land as seen from the air

15

a shore

the land along the edge of a large area of water such as an ocean or lake

16

a bank

land along the side of a river or lake

17

a beach

an area of sand or small stones at the edge of the sea or a lake

Part 4

1

a mountain

a very high hill

2

a mountain range

= a mountain chain - lines of mountains

3

a massif

a group of mountains forming one large solid shape

4

a hill

an area of land that is higher than the land around it, like a mountain but smaller

5

a hillock

a little hill

6

a ridge

a long area of high land, especially at the top of a mountain

7

a peak

= a summit = a top - the sharply pointed top of a mountain

8

the foot of

the lowest or bottom part of something

9

a glacier ['glæsɪə]

a large mass of ice which moves slowly down a mountain valley = глетчер, ледник

10

a rock face = steep face

a very steep surface of rock on the side of a mountain = отвесная скала

11

aslope

склон, скат, откос

12

a rock = a stone

the hard substance that forms the main surface of the Earth = скала, утёс

13

a volcano - [vPl'keInqV]

a mountain with a large hole at the top, through which lava (= very hot liquid rock) is sometimes forced out

14

a plateau ['plætəu]

a large area of flat land that is higher than the land around it

15

lowlands

an area of land that is lower than the land around it = низина

16

highlands

an area of a country where there are a lot of mountains = нагорье, высокогорная местность

17

a sierra [sI'e(q)rq]

a row or area of sharply pointed mountains - сьерра; горная цепь (с зубчатыми вершинами)

18

a mesa ['meIsq]

(Am.E) a hill with a flat top and steep sides, in the southwestern US - столовая гора; плоский холм-останец

Part 5

1

the universe

all space, including all the stars and planets

2

a galaxy

one of the large groups of stars that make up the universe

3

a/the sun

(1) any star around which planets move;

(2) the large bright object in the sky that gives us light and heat, and around which the Earth moves

4

a/the solar system

the Sun and the planets that go around it

5

a planet

a very large round object in space that moves around the sun or another star

6

a star

a large ball of burning gas in space that can be seen at night as a point of light in the sky

7

a constellation

a group of stars that forms a particular pattern and has a name

8

a meteor ['mi:tIq]

a piece of rock or metal that travels through space, and makes a bright line in the night sky when it falls down towards the Earth

9

a meteorite ['mi:tIqraIt]

a piece of rock or metal from space that has landed on Earth

10

an asteroid ['xstqrOId]

one of the many small planets that move around the sun, especially between Mars and Jupiter

11

a comet

an object in space like a bright ball with a long tail, that moves around the sun

12

a UFO

an unidentified flying object

13

Mars

the small red planet that is fourth in order from the sun and is nearest the Earth

14

Jupiter ['dZu:pItq]

the planet that is fifth in order from the sun and is the largest in the solar system

15

Venus ['vi:nqs]

the planet that is second in order from the sun

16

Pluto

the planet that is furthest from the sun and is the smallest in the solar system

17

Saturn ['sxtqn]

the planet that is sixth in order from the sun and is surrounded by large rings

18

Uranus [jV'reInqs]

the planet that is seventh in order from the sun

19

Mercury ['mE:kjVrI]

the planet that is nearest the sun

20

Neptune ['neptju:n]

the planet that is eighth in order from the sun

21

the Milky Way

the pale white band of stars that can be seen across the sky at night