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1 , ( , ), - -, -.

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. 1 . 2

# ! ' & "# 6*L E # 7 "# ' #, # '%* 7 * #4 & . & &- & C "# = *= 6 !&/ "# " #+ & !C& A||2 A2 cos2 , C # &

I cos2 , A* I – & & & C ! ' & ( @"! %* 6 . ! * !C& , !- ' & " # !! !C& "! " !(# 7 # , & L ' 6 * !G & & & , # &%G cos2 . && @ 7& E & ( # & # ( &/. F @% *- !( , "# = *= A E # 7 " !(# 7 #, '%* # & # *& @% 7& E & G cos2 , . . 12 . # # B & " !(# 7 # #%A & "# ! & ( && A !%E &-

& & C "# = *= A 7/ ( *& 6 6 4 , 7@ &( ( ! =C # & + ( "! ! ' & ( , /D *(B A 7 "# ' # .

% C & " !(# 7 # " * "! " !(# 7 &&/6 @"! %*/ 0 & & & I0 (# .2). 7C "# ' # "# 6*L !(GB ( ! ' & ( @- "! %* 6 A A0 cos , A* - %A ! @ 4*% "! CG ! ' & 6 # E "- * GB A "! CG "# "% & ( " !(# 7 # . ! * !C& , & &- & C "# = *= A I "# * !( ( /# 4 & @:

I I0 cos2

(1)

S & = & & & 7 & 7 & !G .

@ & "% && A !%E * " !(# 7 # , "! "# "%- & ( #/D '# 7%G %A ! . 7 " # A " !(# 7 # /6* "! " !(#- 7 &&/6 , & & & C # A I0 " ! &% & & & - && A I . A! & 7 &% !G 7 # A " !(# 7 # /6*& & & I0 cos2 . @ '# 7 @, & & & C , "# = *= A E # 7 * " !(# 7 # # & :

I

1

I

cos2 .

(2)

 

2

 

 

 

58

# & & (. & % & # & @ #&%G (# C " # C 5 # 7 &( @ EL " = ! ! @' & & % EL & A % # 6- . EL A# *% ' # ( & "# «0» & & % . & & % % "- # * !(G * ( / / * ! A# *% : *!( F A & D *( * ! & & & % , " * GB @ ! ' * ! & @ ! @' . ! «0» &- & % # " ! A ( @ 4*% + !/@ E ! @ A# *% 0,5°, A#- *% @ * ' !( ( " 7 & & & % . ! 4 «0» & & % " #- = ! 7 0,5° , " 7 & & & % % ! E ( & 0,5°. @ /- E ! C # *& #$@ E 7& E & 7 5 " !%E &&/D EL- . !%E && 7& E & ( !( ( &%! /@ EL @. /&% C G- % 7 "# ' # .

3.!( "# * ! & ( %A! # B & ( "! " !(# 7 + G % ! *% @/@ # # @ " @ C G & * ! & " !(#- @ # 7 #/ C #/= 6. @ &( C EL % 7 & "%& 2. # C 5 # 7 7@ # & (. @ /E ! C # *& #$@ E-7& E & 7 5 " !%E &&/D EL . < '/ "# * ! C %A !

" # "! " !(# 7 + # *& A 7& E & (, " !%E &&- A # # @, & * /E C &%! 6 EL .

"%$% 1: # "# * ! & &%! A " ! 4 & ( G 6, &- " !& && 6 * !! # && 6 * 6, '/! " !%E & # 7%!C 0,06° (# 8), " ! * G /, & " !& && 6 ! *% @/@ #- # @, " !%E & EL 3,56° (# 7). 7& C EL D @ 4*% - & E& 6 & E !C& 6 % & @ # & %A!% # B & ( "! " !(# 7 + ! *% @ A # # :

3,56° – 0,06° = 3,50°

.8

%"$% 2: ! * G /, & " !& && 6 ! *% @/@ # # @ ! /@ # B & @, '/! " !%E & # 7%!C 357,14°. F @ !%E &%! 6 ! *%

67

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! * !C& , # 7& CG * %D EL , %GB D # & % (#- 6 " ! 6 # & & ( " E &/@ # # @ ' 7 & A , "# * !( ( %A ! # B & ( "! " !(# 7 + * &&/@ # # @.

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66

!( "# # 7 & !G * && 6 ! ' # #& 6 # ' ! *% ( 7- @ C (1), A* I – & & & C /= *= A 7 & ! 7 # , I0 – & &- & C "# = *= A E # 7 " !(# 7 # , %A ! - %A ! @ 4*% "! (@ "# "% & ( " !(# 7 # & ! 7 # .

< '/ %' * C ( "# *! 7 & !G , & 'D * @ # & C

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(3). A ! " # "! "# "% & ( & ! 7 # & !C& "! "# "% & ( " !(# 7 # E / ( " = ! , & & && 6 & "# & !- 7 # . G @ # 7 * %D F! @ & - E% !C& A * E - ! & /@ $F! @ & @ (4) # ! E& A A !C & @ # (5). ] ! A !C &- @ # A# *% # & & " # * && * & + D B && – !G D @ * "# * ! 7@ # & 6: 0 - 150 !G ; 0 - 500 !G . %-$ $4?" !%-%

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59

3. # *( # # D 7@ # & 6 /E !(G # *& 7& E &

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6.!( !G'/D * %D E F " # @ & !C& A A#$ "# * !(G # *& *# E " A# =& " $#@%! :

 

 

 

 

 

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7. 7%!C / *!( * %D /'# &&/D E "# * C *

 

 

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60

# %G ! @"% !GE G %@'! # @ 10, G & * ! & 7 #/ G #/= 6 11. # . 5 & 'D * @ /* ! C 4 & '!G* !C&%G #%' % 12 # B GB 6 ( %! 6 & ! 7 # , " 7 !(GB 6 % & ! C & # 7 7- '# 4 & ! & # 7* ! " !( 7# & (. & A! 7& 7 # "! &/ 2 !%"/ ( ! "# & '!G* !C& 6 #%' 12), E # 7 #/ & @ G ( EL / " = ! ! @' EL & A % # 6 . # B & ! @' %B !( ( #%E 6 13. ! @' & & & 360-A# *% & ( = ! + & 6 * ! & ( 0,5°. 4 & #"% "#- ' # 7 # "! &/ & & % / EL &/D % # 6 , # " ! 4 &&/ * @ # !C& . ! E & EL " & & % % – 0,02°, ( = ! & & % !( 0,5°. +$- # & & % : +$# «10» % 0,10°; «20» – 0,20° . *.

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. 6

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65

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