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Notary

A notary in Ukraine is usually a lawyer who has the legal power to make documents official. The Law "On Notariate" regulates notary activity in Ukraine. Notary bodies are the system of bodies and officials obliged to:

- certify indisputable rights and facts.

- certify facts having legal force.

- perform other notary actions provided for by the law with the aim of giving them legal force.

The documents certified by a notary are admissible without other proof of their authenticity.

In Ukraine notary operations are provided by a public notaries, private notaries or officials of executive bodies of local councils. All notary actions and even the fact of application to the notary office are strictly confidential.

The task of the notary bodies is to prevent various civil offences, protect property rights and lawful interests of citizens, enterprises and organizations. Notaries attest contracts , transactions and copies of documents register hereditary rights and perform other notary actions provided for by the legislation. Notary bodies are entrusted to certify such acts as conveyance of property, wills of homes, cars, jewelry antiques, yachts, works of art and other. any notarized document ( agreement, copy, translation, etc) is registered in the notary book which is kept in the regional archive for good.

A citizen of Ukraine, who has higher legal education, works as a notary assistant about 1 year, has passed qualification examination and reserved the notary's Certificate, has permit for notary activity performance.

In accordance with the legislation of Ukraine notaries have no right to work in police, at the Prosecutor's Office and represent people in courts or any other governmental office. A notary can deal with teaching and scientific activity.

The European Union

The European Union is an intergovernmental and supranational union of 27 European countries. The EU was created by the Maastricht Treaty in 1993. The treaty was designed to enhance European political and economic integration by members of the European Community ( EC), which later developed into the EU.

The European Union is a family of democratic European countries committed to working together for peace and prosperity. The European Union's activities cover all of the economy, industry, polities, citizen's rights and foreign policy.

The Member States have set up common institutions to run the EU and adopt its legislation the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union, the European Commission, Court of Justice and Court of Auditors.

Law-making in the EU involves various European institutions, in particular the European Commission, the European Parliament (EP), the Council of the European Union . In general, the European Commission proposes new legislation , the Council and Parliament pass the laws.

The European Union is based on the rule of law. This means that all legal acts are derived from treaties, which are agreed on voluntarily and democratically by all the Member States. Based on the Treaties, EU institutions can adopt legislation, which is then implemented by the Member States. The main forms of EU law are directives and regulations.

The Court of Justice makes sure that EU legislation is interpreted and applied in the same way in all EU countries. It ensures that national courts do not give different rulings on the same issue. The Court has the power to settle legal disputes between EU member states, EU institutions, businesses and individuals. The Court of Justice sits Luxemburg and comprises 27 judges and 8 Advocate-General.

Vocabulary

intergovernmental - міжурядовий, міждержавний

supranational - наднаціональний, наддержавний

to enhance - підвищувати

integration - інтеграція

prosperity - процвітання

to set up - створити

treats - договір

directive - директива

regulation - постанова

ruling - рішення суду, судова постанова

to implement - виконувати, здійснювати, забезбечувати викинання

to propose - пропонувати

to pass - приймати

to interprete - тлумачити

to apply - застосовувати

Member State - держава-член, держава-учасниця

to ensure - забезпечувати, гарантувати

to settle legal disputes - вирішувати (врегулювувати) правові спори

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