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2011 phonetics / Hand out 1 / Sounds and spelling

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Sounds and Spelling – Vowels

sound

usual spelling

!!! but also

sound

usual spelling

!!! but also

[I]

fish

i dish bill

pitch fit

ticket since

pretty women

busy decided

village physics

[e]

egg

e menu lend

text spend

plenty cent

friendly already said

many

[J]

tree

ee speed sweet

ea peach team

e medium

people niece magazine key

receipt

[x]

cat

a fan tram

crash tax

carry land

[A]

up

u public duck

subject cup

hurry ugly

money one some tough

worried

[eI]

train

a save gate

ai railway plain

ay may say

break steak

great weight

they grey

[R]

car

ar garden start

a path glass

aunt laugh

heart

[qV]

phone

o broke stone

mobile

oa roast coach

owe slow

although

shoulders

[P]

clock

o lorry cost

plot off on

because want

watch sausage

[aI]

bike

i fine resign

y shy cycle

igh flight

buy eyes

height

[L]

horse

or score floor

al bald wall

aw prawn draw

warm course

thought caught

audience board

[aV]

owl

ou hour lounge

proud ground

ow town brown

[V]

bull

u full butcher

oo cook book

look good

could should

would woman

[OI]

boy

oi boil noisy

spoilt coin

oy enjoy

[H]

boot

oo pool moody

u true student

ew few view

suitcase juice

shoe move

through queue

[Iq]

ear

eer beer

ere here we’re

ear beard

appearance

really

idea

serious

[E:]

bird

er term prefer

ir dirty third

ur curly turn

learn work

world worse

journey

[Fq]

chair

air airport fair

upstairs hair

are rare careful

their there

wear pear

area

[q]

other

Many different spellings, always unstressed.

nervous about director complain information

[Vq]

tourist

euro furious sure plural

Phonetics (from the Greek: phōnē, "sound, voice") is a science that studies sounds of human speech. There are 44 sounds in English: 20 vowels and 24 consonants.

Phonetic transcription is a universal system for transcribing sounds of spoken language. Marks of transcription:

  1. We write transcription in brackets: [ ].

  2. We put stress mark (') before the stressed syllable: ['TIqtq].

  3. We show a long vowel with the help of colon (:): leave [lJv] and live [lIv].

Sounds and Spelling – Consonants

sound

usual spelling

!!! but also

sound

usual spelling

!!! but also

[p]

parrot

p plate pupil

transport trip

pp shopping

[T]

thumb

th thin thriller

healthy path

maths both

[b]

bag

b beans bill

probably job

bb rabbit

[D]

mother

th that with

further the

whether

[k]

keys

c court script

k kind basket

ck track lucky

chemist

mechanic queue

[C]

chess

ch change

tch match

t(+ure) future

[g]

girl

g golf forget

gg aggressive

luggage

[G]

jazz

j jealous

g generous

dge fridge

[f]

flower

f food roof

ff traffic

ph photo

enough laugh

[l]

leg

l lettuce

reliable

ll sell trolley

[v]

vase

v van vegetable

travel invest

private

of

[r]

right

r result referee

primary fry

rr borrow

written wrong

[t]

tie

t try tidy

stupid strict

tt attractive

worked passed

[w]

witch

w wear waste

western

wh white which

one once

[d]

dog

d director

comedy afford

dd address

failed bored

[j]

yacht

y yet year

yoghurt

before u argue

[s]

snake

s steps likes

ss boss assist

ce/ci twice city

science scene

[m]

monkey

m mean slim

charming

mm summer

lamb

[z]

zebra

z lazy freezing

s lose cosy

loves trousers

[n]

nose

n napkin none

honest spoon

nn tennis

knife knew

[S]

shower

sh short cash

ti station

ci special

sugar sure

chef

moustache

[N]

singer

ng cooking

going

spring bring

think bank

[Z]

televisi

on

revision confusion

usually decision garage

[h]

house

h handsome

inherit hard

perhaps

who whose

whole