Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:
0273cfd7_bank_testov_lech-2011_angl c выделенны...doc
Скачиваний:
0
Добавлен:
07.09.2019
Размер:
800.26 Кб
Скачать

Text 14 public health care

  1. Public health has been defined as the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical and mental health, sanitation, personal hygiene, control of infection, and organization of health services. From the normal human interactions there has emerged recognition of the importance of community action in the promotion of health and the prevention and treatment of disease.

  2. The practice of public health chaws heavily on medical science and philosophy and concentrates especially on manipulating and controlling the environment for the benefit of the public. It is concerned therefore with housing, water supplies, and food. Public health medicine is a part of the greater enterprise of preserving and improving the public health. Occupational medicine is concerned with the health, safety, and welfare of people in the workplace. Its aim is to reduce the risks in the environment in which people work.

  3. The venture of preserving, maintaining, and actively promoting public health requires special methods of information-gathering (epidemiology) and corporate arrangements to act upon significant findings and put them into practice. Statistics collected by epidemiologists attempt to describe and explain the occurrence of disease in a population by correlating factors such as diet, environment, radiation, or cigarette smoking with the incidence and prevalence of disease.

  4. The government, through laws and regulations, creates agencies to oversee and formally inspect such things as water supplies, food processing, sewage treatment, drains, air contamination, and pollution. Governments are also concerned with the control of epidemic infections by means of enforced quarantine and isolation - for example, the health control that takes place at seaports and airports in an attempt to assure that infectious diseases are not brought into a country.

Определите, является ли утверждение:

100. HEALTH CONTROL AT AIRPORTS IS A PREVENTIVE MEASURE AGAINST BRINGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES INTO A COUNTRY.

1) в тексте нет информации

2) истинным

3) ложным

101. GOVERNMENT AGENCIES INSPECT WATER SUPPLIES, AIR CONTAMINATION, AND POLLUTION.

1) ложным

2) в тексте нет информации

3) истинным

102. OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE IS AIMED AT REDUCING THE RISKS IN THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH PEOPLE LIVE.

1) истинным

2) ложным

3) в тексте нет информации

103. THERE ARE STILL MANY PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED IN THE SPHERE OF PUBLIC HEALTH.

1) истинным

2) ложным

3) в тексте нет информации

Укажите, какой части текста (1, 2, 3, 4) соответствует следующая информация:

104. GOVERNMENTS PLAY AN IMPORTANT PART IN THE SYSTEM OF CONTROL OF EPIDEMIC INFECTIONS.

1) 4

2) 1

3) 3

4) 2

105. THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH PEOPLE WORK IS A CONCERN OF PUBLIC HEALTH MEDICINE.

1) 1

2) 3

3) 4

4) 2

106. ОТВЕТЬТЕ НА ВОПРОС:

WHAT INFORMATION DO EPIDEMIOLOGISTS PROVIDE?

1) Statistics collected by epidemiologists explain how to put corporate arrangements into practice.

2) They use statistics to provide special diets for the population.

3) They provide data for government through laws and regulations.

4) They collect data and try to explain the relationship between a disease and different environmental and behavioral factors.

107. ОПРЕДЕЛИТЕ ОСНОВНУЮ ИДЕЮ ТЕКСТА

1) Medicine is involved in improving the health, safety, and welfare of population.

2) The art and science of public health deals with preserving, maintaining, and actively promoting physical and mental health of people.

3) Public health is concerned with housing, water supplies, and food.

4) Governments are responsible for public health in their countries.

Тут вы можете оставить комментарий к выбранному абзацу или сообщить об ошибке.

Оставленные комментарии видны всем.