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The uk's relations with Ukraine

The UK Consulate-General in Kyiv opened in November 1991 and became an Embassy in January 1992. Ukraine opened an Embassy in London in October 1992 and a Consulate General in Edinburgh in February 2002.

Uk development assistance

At the end of March 2008, the Department for International Development (DfID) closed its bilateral programme in Ukraine. This marked the end of 17 years of aid - a period which has seen Ukraine make real progress in areas such as reducing poverty, strengthening democracy, and increasing opportunities for trade. Further details about DfID’s work in Ukraine, and the UK’s continuing work in support of Ukraine’s development, on the Department for International Development website.

The UK contributes to the EU's Assistance programmes. The EU is the largest donor in Ukraine. Most of the EU’s funding comes from the €11.2 billion European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) which allocates over €124 million annually to Ukraine.

The UK is also providing £540,000 worth of assistance in 2008-09 through the FCO's Strategic Priorities Fund.

Western relations

Ukraine considers Euro-Atlantic integration its primary foreign policy objective, but in practice balances its relationship with Europe and the United States with strong ties to Russia. The European Union's Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) with Ukraine went into force on March 1, 1998. The European Union (EU) has encouraged Ukraine to implement the PCA fully before discussions begin on an association agreement. The EU Common Strategy toward Ukraine, issued at the EU Summit in December 1999 in Helsinki, recognizes Ukraine's long-term aspirations but does not discuss association. On January 31, 1992, Ukraine joined the then-Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (now the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe--OSCE), and on March 10, 1992, it became a member of the North Atlantic Cooperation Council. Ukraine also has a close relationship with NATO and has declared interest in eventual membership. It is the most active member of the Partnership for Peace (PfP). President Viktor Yushchenko has indicated that he supports Ukraine joining the EU in the future. (Ukraine and the European Union).

Relations with CIS states

Ukraine maintains peaceful and constructive relations with all its neighbors[citation needed]; it has especially close ties with Russia and Poland. Relations with the former are complicated by energy dependence and by payment arrears. However, relations have improved with the 1998 ratification of the bilateral Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation. Also, the two sides have signed a series of agreements on the final division and disposition of the former Soviet Black Sea Fleet that have helped to reduce tensions. Ukraine became a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) on December 8, 1991, but in January 1993 it refused to endorse a draft charter strengthening political, economic, and defense ties among CIS members. Ukraine was a founding member of GUAM (Georgia-Ukraine-Azerbaijan-Moldova).

In 1999–2001, Ukraine served as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. Historically, Soviet Ukraine joined the United Nations in 1945 as one of the original members following a Western compromise with the Soviet Union, which had asked for seats for all 15 of its union republics. Ukraine has consistently supported peaceful, negotiated settlements to disputes. It has participated in the quadripartite talks on the conflict in Moldova and promoted a peaceful resolution to conflict in the post-Soviet state of Georgia. Ukraine also has made a substantial contribution to UN peacekeeping operations since 1992.

Leonid Derkach (chairman of the SBU, which is Ukraine's security service, successor to the KGB) was fired due to Western pressure after he organized the sale of radar systems to Iraq while such sales were embargoed. [citation needed]

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