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Unit V Правила чтения.doc
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Text and vocabulary exercises

  1. Find in the text the words or phrases which mean the same as:

неравномерно распределено; и промышленное, и сельскохозяйственное; космические корабли; судостроение; прибрежные воды; обильно снабжена; смешанные леса; с самой высокой плотностью; явно континентальный; в девять раз больше чем; горные цепи; умеренный; характеризуемый (различимый) крайностями; покрытый травой; большое разнообразие растительности; омывается; скотоводство; горнодобывающая промышленность.

  1. Fill in the gaps with the words from the box:

endowed bountifully Midlands density planes unequally vegetation indispensable mountain chains

1. There are two great in Russia. 2. There are several on the territory of the country.

3. The climate in the is moderate. 4, No nation has been as supplied with rivers as

Russia. 5. There is a great variety of in Russia: tundra, taiga 6. Russia is one of the

most richly nations in the world with mineral wealth. 7. There are immense deposits of iron,

ore and other elements to modern industry. 8. The population is quite distributed with

the highest in the European part.

  1. Answer the following questions.

1. Does Russia have a long and complex story? 2. Where is Russia located? 3. Russia is a parliamentary republic, isn't it? 4. What is the population of Russia? 5. Where is the highest density of population in Russia? 6. What countries does Russia border on? 7. How many time and climatic zones does Russia cross? 8. How long is the longest river in Europe? Name it. 9. What are the main mountain chains on the territory of Russia? 10. In what part of Russia can you see true steppe, which is grass-covered arid almost treeless? 11. Is Russia an industrial or agricultural country? Prove your answer. 12. Are there any problems in Russia at present? 13. Why can Russia become one of the leading countries in the world again?

  1. Read and translate the text below to learn about the main city of Russia. Moscow

Moscow, the capital of Russia, is a major political, economic, cultural and scientific centre of Russia. Moscow is situated on the River Moskva in the western region of Russia. The population of Moscow is over 10 million people. Moscow is the site of the Moscow Kremlin, an ancient fortress that is today the residence of the Russian President and of the executive branch of the Government of Russia.

Moscow was founded by Prince Yuri Dolgorukiy. It was first mentioned in the records dated back to the year 1147. In 1712 Peter the Great transferred the capital to the newly built St. Petersburg, but Moscow remained the cultural and economic centre of the country. In 1918 the Soviet Government decided to make Moscow the capital again.

The present day Moscow is a unique city, its architecture combines the features of both Oriental and Western cultures. The most spectacular place of sightseeing is the Kremlin, the symbol of Russia. The Savior Tower (Spasskaya Bashny) is the symbol of the Kremlin. It was built in 1491 and got its name from the icon of Savior's (Spas). Moscow is also well known as the site of the Saint Basil's Cathedral, with its elegant onion domes. The city is known for many other historical buildings, museums, as well as for the famous Bolshoi, Maly and Art theatres. There are more than 80 museums in Moscow, among them the unique Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, the State Tretyakov Gallery and many others.

Moscow is a city of science and learning, there are over 80 higher educational institutions in the city. Its leading industries are engineering, chemical and light industries.

  1. Find in the text the words or phrases which mean the same as:

главный; древняя крепость; исполнительная власть; была впервые упомянута; перенес столицу; объединяет особенности; восточная, азиатская культура; наиболее впечатляющее место; образовательные учреждения; ведущий.

  1. Say whether the following statements are true or false. Correct the false ones.

1. Moscow was founded in 1578. 2. Moscow is situated on the River Moskva in the eastern region of Russia. 3. In 1712 Peter the Great transferred the capital to the newly built Novgorod. 4. The most spectacular place of sightseeing is the Kremlin. 5. The residence of the Russian President and of the executive branch of the Government of Russia is the Savior Tower.

  1. Work with a partner. Ask and answer questions to the text using words and word combinations below:

Yuri Dolgorukiy the symbol of Russia

river Moskva the symbol of the Kremlin

the population of Moscow

residence of the Russian President

historical buildings, museums

science and learning


  1. Find Russian equivalents to the following words and word combinations:

reservation; to book; steak; shrimp; to recommend; on tap; chef; check; medium rare; garlic sauce; would rather do smth.

  1. Listen to the dialogue "Dining out".

  2. Answer the following questions.

  1. What is the name of the restaurant?

  2. What time Mr. Stevens is going to the restaurant?

  3. How many people is the table booked for?

  4. What specials are on the menu?

  5. How does Ewa like her steak?

  6. Do they serve bottled beer in the restaurant?

  7. What did Ewa have for dessert?

  8. What kind of coffee did Martin have?

35. Write down which of these statements are true and which are false. Correct the false ones.

  1. Martin came to the Palace Restaurant with his family.

  2. Martin would like to make dinner reservation for eight-thirty.

  3. Martin's number is 876-7152.

  1. One of the specials on the menu that evening was a lovely pepper steak served with beans and potatoes.

  2. Ewa had her steak well done.

  3. Ewa had beans with her steak.

  4. They had ice cream for dessert.


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