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Part 2. Natural Wonders of the World

    1. Natural Wonders of Great Britain (part 1)

Giant's Causeway («Дорога великанов»)

The Giant's Causeway is an area of about 40,000 basalt columns, the result of an ancientvolcaniceruption. It is located on the northeast coast ofNorthern Ireland. It was declared aWorld Heritage SitebyUNESCOin 1986. Most of the columns arehexagonal (six sides), although there are also some with four, five, seven and eight sides. The tallest are about 12 metres high and 28 metres thick in places.

Scottish Highlands (Шотландская возвышенность)

The Scottish Highlands include the mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault (Шотландское нагорье, тектонический разлом). The area is generally sparsely populated, with many mountain rangesdominating the region, and includes the highestmountainin the British Isles,Ben Nevis. Before the 19th century however the Highlands was home to a much larger population. The average population density in the Highlands and Islands is lower than that of Sweden or Norway.

Loch Ness (Озеро Лох-Несс)

Loch Ness is a large, deep, freshwater loch(the Scottish word for “lake”) in the Scottish Highlandsextending for approximately 37 km southwest. Loch Ness is best known for the alleged sightings of the legendaryLoch Ness Monster, also known as "Nessie”. Loch Ness is the second largestScottish lochafterLoch Lomond, but due to its great depth it is the largest by volume. It contains more fresh water than all the lakes inEnglandandWalescombined.


2.2 Natural Wonders of Great Britain (part 2) White cliffs of Dover (Белые скалы Дувра)

The white cliffs of Dover are cliffswhich form part of theBritishcoastline facing theStrait of DoverandFrance. The cliffs are part of theNorth Downsformation. The cliff face owes its striking façade to its composition ofchalk. Dover is an ancient and still importantEnglishport.The cliffs have great symbolic value for Britain because they face towardsContinental Europeacross the narrowest part of theEnglish Channel, the white line of cliffs also forms the first or last sight of the UK for travellers.

Jurassic Coast (Побережье Юрского периода)

The Jurassic Coast is a World Heritage Siteon theEnglish Channelcoast of southernEngland. The Jurassic coast was the second wholly-natural World Heritage Site to be designated in theUnited Kingdom.

Cheddar Gorge (Ущелье Чеддар)

The gorge is the site of the Cheddar show caves, where Britain's oldest complete human skeleton,Cheddar Man, estimated to be 9,000 years old, was found in 1903. The caves, produced by the activity of an underground river, containstalactitesandstalagmites.Cheddar Gorge, including the caves and other attractions (village stores and stalls, etc), has become atouristdestination. In a 2005 Cheddar Gorge was named as the second greatest natural wonder in Britain.


2.3 Kakadu National Park

Kakadu National Park is located within the Alligator RiversRegion of the Northern Territory of Australia.

The cultural and natural values of Kakadu National Park were recognised internationally when the Parkwas placed on theUNESCOWorld Heritage List. This is an international register of properties that are recognised as having outstanding cultural or natural values of international significance.

Climate. Kakadu is located in the tropics, no far from the Equator. The climate is characterised by two main seasons: thedry seasonand therain season. During the dry season (from April/May to September), dry winds predominate. During the period of October to December conditions can be extremely uncomfortable with high temperatures and high humidity.

Flora. Kakadu's flora is among the richest in northern Australiawith more than 1700 plant species. Kakadu is also considered to be one of the most weed free national parks in the world.

Fauna. The diverse environments of Kakadu National Park support animals, a number of which have adapted to particular habitats. Some animals in the Park are rare, or endemic. Due to the extreme weather conditions in the Park, many animals are active only at particular times of the day or night or at particular times of the year.