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A Sense of Adventure


FIRST THOUGHTS Look at the selection of photographs. What kind of holiday is shown in each?



1 Listen to Martin and Amanda's conversation. Which photograph are they talking about?

2i Managing conversations

Listen again and write down Amanda's side of the conversation. How does she get Martin to do most of the talking? How does she show that she is a good listener?

AMANDA: So (1)


MARTIN: The one of the seaside holiday and the Punch and Judy show.

AMANDA: (2) ?

MARTIN: Well I suppose it reminds me of when I was a child.


you use to have

holidays like this?


MARTIN: That's right, and me and my sisters

used to play on the beach.

AMANDA: (4) ?

MARTIN: YOU know, make sandcastles, that sort of thing, and hunt for crabs.

AMANDA: (5) ?

MARTIN: Yes, there were lots of rock pools where they used to live.






it was.

1 Work in pairs and take it in turns to ask and answer these questions.

1 Which of the photographs would you most/least like to be in and why?

2Do any of the photographs remind you of any experiences you have had of travel or holidays?

3What are the ingredients of an ideal holiday for you?


give each other your full attention.

react to what the other person says.

be enthusiastic and interested.

2 Broadening out the conversation

Look at the list and decide which three things are the most important for you in a holiday. Then discuss your answers with your partner.





good food and drink



culture and



way of life

good weather






A Sense oj Adventure

Complete these sentences with words associated with holidays and travel. The first letter of each word is given.


We sent off to the tour operators for a b

giving details of their holidays in










Last year we went on



Everything was organised for us: the flight,


the hotels and all the entertainments. It was all included in the price.


They're going on s


in Kenya. They'll be able to see lots of wildlife.


We brought back some local handicrafts as s

Each time we look at them we


remember what a great time we had.




I wouldn't get a scheduled flight if I were you.


flight would be much










A holiday r

is a town which welcomes and entertains tourists.


Bed and breakfast is £15 a night. If you want h


, it costs an extra £6


which covers either lunch or dinner.




We really enjoy s




holidays where we rent a house and look after









1 Look at the short report of a family holiday. From what is written, do you think the family would choose the holiday again?

2 Read the report again and tick (•) those lines which are correct. Where a line has an extra word which should not be there, write the word down.


Last year we had a different kind of holiday. We \/


were used to rent a house in the countryside.


Even though it was lovely, but it was boring too.


Instead, of last year we hired a caravan by the

3sea. We left from London early and took the

4ferry. We were shocked when we entered to the

5campsite - it was too much big. The best thing

6was the beach. It was such wide and sandy and

7safe for my brother. The caravan was enough

8large but it was hard to adapt ourselves to a small

9space. I was made friends at the teenagers' club.

10We played games and had fires at night. A

11French boy he taught me windsurfing. He was

12really a funny. The worst thing was a noisy

13funfair opposite of the site. One other thing

14else was the traffic jams. Nobody could tell

15us about how to avoid them. Otherwise I had a

16wonderful time. I don't know about my parents!

Write a short article for a travel magazine about a holiday or trip you have been on recently. Use the report you edited as a guide. Say

why you chose the holiday, and where it was.

what your travel arrangements were.

what your first impressions were.

how the holiday was organised.

what the general atmosphere was like.

which the good things and the less positive things were.

what your final thoughts and recommendations are.

A Sense of Adventure




What do you think the advantages are of travelling in a group on an organised tour compared with travelling independently?

You are going to hear five different women talk about travelling. Which of the sentences A-F best summarises what each one has to say? There is one sentence which you do not need to use.

A It's OK to break the law.

Speaker 1


It was marvellous, but take warm clothes.

Speaker 2


I need another holiday to get over this one.

Speaker 3

D All you need is a good guide book.

Speaker 4

E My group was a nightmare.

Speaker 5


Don't drink the water!



Look at the tapescript on p. 224 and see how the words in the box are used.






hopeless helpless

valuable hopeful waste of time unhelpful



invaluable helpful



Obligation and necessity



1 Study these ways of talking about obligation and necessity. Match the sentences and


the definitions.


1 You mustn't drink anything straight from the tap.

2 I needn't have taken half my clothes.

3We didn't need to book.

4You have to declare all your foreign currency.

5It's one of those things you're supposed to do.

6You must be here in the lobby by seven o'clock.

7I must get the pictures developed.

8You should take some warm clothing.

Amakes a strong recommendation/ emphasises the authority of the speaker.

Bgives advice.

Csays something was done that wasn't necessary.

Dis a prohibition.

Esays something wasn't necessary.

Fexpresses a strong internal obligation.

Gdescribes a general duty or requirement.

Hdescribes a rule that may be disobeyed.

2 In pairs, discuss suitable responses for the following situations.

1 You saw a wonderful exhibition of African art a couple of weeks ago. Tomorrow is its last day. Strongly recommend that your friend sees it.

2A hotel receptionist is explaining to a visitor what his/her job involves. What would he/she say about his/her duties and responsibilities? What about the things for which he/she was not responsible?

3You are telling someone the rules of a student hostel. What would you say about washing-up, smoking, noise and guests? Which rules are important? Which ones can be disobeyed?

4 You receive a telephone bill warning you that if you do not pay it immediately you will be cut off. What do you say to yourself?

5You were going to call for a taxi but your friend gave you a lift home instead. What would you tell your parents about the taxi?


A letter of complaint


Peter Carr went on a Club 20-30 holiday but


did not enjoy himself very much.

1 Read his letter and note how many complaints he has to make. Which are serious?

2Which words and expressions are useful for a letter of complaint.

3What features of the layout and language of this letter make it formal?

The Managing Director

Club 20-30 Holidays

26 Spratt Street

London Wl

Dear Sir

A Sense о/ Adventure

42 Railway Cuttings


1st July 1996

I am writing to complain about a Club 20-30 holiday I went on at the resort of Karamelli between 14th and 28th June.

According to your brochure, accommodation was supposed to be in a small villa. However, when I got to Karamelli, I was taken to a modern hotel a mile from the sea. Even though it had just been built, there were cracks everywhere and it looked as though it was going to fall down. The walls were paper thin and you could hear everything from the neighbouring room.

To make matters worse, there were only two other young people in the hotel and they were both men. The hotel had been taken over by a package tour of old age pensioners who insisted on playing bingo in the discotheque every evening. Where was the 'night life' I had been promised?

On top of everything, when I mentioned my complaints to your company representative, she was extremely rude to me and only reappeared at the end of my stay and became abusive when I refused to give her a tip.

You can imagine how upset I am at having spent a considerable amount of money on this holiday. In fact, I expect a full refund plus compensation for the inconvenience and discomfort I suffered. I trust you will give this matter your immediate attention.

I look forward to receiving a satisfactory reply by return of post. If I do not receive full satisfaction, I intend to write to the TV programme 'Value for Money' and expose your operation.

Yours faithfully,

Peter Can


You went on the Rigby Activity Holiday advertised below. Read the advertisement carefully, and the notes which give details about

why you were dissatisfied with the holiday. Write a letter complaining about the quality of the holiday. Write between 120 - 180 words in an appropriate style.


Instructors ex-soldiers - expected too much.

Like a prison camp.

Not enough surfboards I life jackets.

Cabins cold - had to clean them.

Not enough food.

Cold and frightened! Left after one week.

A Ser




Imagine you have won a free two-week holiday anywhere in the world. Where would you go and what would you do?


A holiday with a difference

Read the text and mark on the map the route the tour takes. Choose the most suitable answers to the following questions and then study closely the explanations on page 65.

1 The buildings in Dakar are

Afairly new.

Вgood to photograph. С boring.

D a contrast.

2The isle of Goree A imported slaves.

Вused to be important.

Сis a centre for slaves.

D is cut off from the land.

3The journey from Dakar to Bamako A moves from rainy to dry country. В takes three nights.

С is not by bus.

D passes through hills.

4The town of Mopti is A just like Venice.

Вa market.


D west of Bamako.

5 Visitors are on the river Niger.

Arequired to go

Вdiscouraged from going

Сrecommended to go

D obliged to go


Imagine that you have to organise a tour of a region in your country. Write a brief description of the route the tour will take and the places of interest which will be visited. Think about

how long the tour will be.

the tour's main attractions.

how the landscape will vary during the tour.

64• how you will travel (try to vary it).

• good places for souvenirs.

Two weeks by rail and local taxis in West Africa visiting Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso and the Ivory Coast.

This escorted tour lets you experience two of West Africa's most important railways,

the lifelines from the coastal countries of Senegal and the Ivory Coast to landlocked Mali and Burkina Faso. We use hotels and sleeper trains throughout the tour.

We spend time in the busy modern coastal capitals of Dakar and Abidjan. We also explore the remote region of the Niger river around Mopti, where ancient kingdoms once held power in this fascinating area of West Africa.

Our journey starts in Dakar, the capital of Senegal, which is situated on the Cape Verde peninsula. The modern buildings contrast with the lively African markets, which are a photographer's delight and a source of fine souvenirs such as tie-dyed cloth and exquisite jewellery.

We shall take a boat ride to the Isle of Goree which was once an important slave trading centre. Slaves were brought here from the interior and shipped to the New World until the abolition of this shameful trade. Goree's museum and the terrible House of Slaves shows visitors what life must have been like. We board the train in Dakar for a two-day journey through an ever-changing landscape. The train takes us across the dry region of Sahel to the lushness of Bamako, the capital of Mali. Bamako is a modern city dependent on the river Niger, which supports this arid area of West Africa. There are busy, colourful markets and many interesting areas for us to see and explore.

The next stage of our journey will be by local taxi from Bamako to Mopti with a night stop at Segou on the way. Mopti, an important market town, is often called the Venice of Africa because it lies in the middle of islands and waterways where the Bani and Niger rivers join. Mopti is an exotic and fascinating city. It is extremely cosmopolitan. Here you will see members of many different African tribes who come to Mopti to trade. A boat trip on the Niger is a must. There is a wide variety of river transport, ranging from marvellous old river steamers to narrow canoes called pirogues, the

type we are going to use. There is a constant flow of river traffic carrying all forms of goods to and from the major ports with magical names like Gao and Timbuctoo.

Leaving Mopti, we travel by local taxi to BoboDioulasso in Burkina Faso. The next day we will take the train to Abidjan, capital of the Ivory Coast. The train journey will take approximately 15 hours and goes from arid, landlocked Burkina Faso to the rich green lands of the Gulf of Guinea.

Abidjan is built in an area of lakes, forests and beaches. The city has clean, modern buildings but its market offers all the excitement of West Africa, with exciting spicy foods, colourful traders and African music. We will have a guided tour of the city and visit the excellent museum. Local craftsmen, who are famous for their wood-carvings, will give us the opportunity to buy souvenirs.

Our tour ends in Abidjan and in just two weeks you will have experienced many of the different faces of West Africa, travelling with the local people as they go about their everyday lives on West African railways.


Answers to the multiple choice questions


ВWRONG (The market is good to photograph)

СWRONG (It does not say this anywhere)


WRONG (This sentence


incomplete because


it does not say what the buildings are a



contrast with.)






2 A

WRONG (It exported





WRONG (It still is important.)



С WRONG (It used to be.)





D CORRECT (It is an




3 A

WRONG (Although we know the Sahel is dry,


we are not told if Dakar





WRONG (The journey takes

two days. We are


not told if this means



or three










CORRECT (The journey





D WRONG (We do not


this from the



We are told that the

landscape changes,



not about hills.)






4 A WRONG (It is called the Venice of Africa, but that does not mean that it is just like Venice.)

ВWRONG (It is a market town.)

СCORRECT (We are told that people of

different nationalities

and tribes mix together.)

D WRONG (It is east

of Bamako.)

5 The correct answer is C, i.e. Visitors are recommended to go on the River Niger. Choices А, В and D suggest that there is some sort of obligation.

Student В :

You are free this weekend. Your friend is going to invite you to his/her parents' house in the country. You love the countryside. You finish your course at five o'clock at a college near Charing Cross Station in London. Make arrangements to meet and ask what clothes you need to bring.

* This refers to the role play exercise on page 67.

A Sense of Adventure



1 How important is it to plan a holiday? Do you like to know exactly what you will be doing and where you will be staying or do you enjoy the unexpected?

2i When friends go on holiday they sometimes come back as enemies. Why do you think this happens? Has it ever happened to you? What things can go wrong?


Listen to Julie talking to a friend about her planned holiday in the Lake District.

Put a tick by all the objects in the photo she says she is going to take with her this year.


1 Listen to the difference between the pronunciation of 1 in these two words: hotel, hostel In both cases, the tongue rests behind the top teeth. However, in hostel, the back of the tongue is also raised.

2 Listen to these words from the listening and decide if they are like hotel or hostel.












Ways of talking about the future

1 Working in pairs, match sentences 1-7 with the most appropriate description from A-G.

1 She will be 30 next June.

2 Travel agent: There aren't any flights left. Customer: In that case, I'll go by train.

3The bus leaves at eight o'clock on Mondays.

4I'm flying to Paris tonight.

5We're going to visit Tunisia this summer. We've already booked the tickets.

6Look at those clouds. It's going to rain.

7You will live until you are 100.

A A future personal arrangement.

8A future prediction.

СA future prediction based on present evidence. D A decision taken at the moment of speaking. E An event which happens regularly.

F Something in the future which will definitely


G Something that the speaker has intended to do in the future for some time.



A Sense о/ Adventure

2 Decide what you would say in the following situations. Use an appropriate way of expressing the future.

1You feel tired and have decided to stay at home this evening. A friend rings you up to invite you to a party. How do you refuse?

2A child you are looking after has just dropped its ice-cream and starts to cry. What do you say to comfort the child?

3Tonight you're responsible for preparing the family's meal. How do you tell a friend that you can't go out with him/her?

4A cousin is coming to stay for a few days. You promise to meet him/her at the station at seven o'clock. What do you say?

5Your friend Samira is pregnant. Tell the news to your mother.

6A friend is going to visit your home town. Predict what they'll like/dislike about it.

7Your friend smokes too much. Warn him/her about future health problems.

Role play

Work in pairs. Student A invites Student В home for the weekend.

Student B: Turn to page 65 for your information.

Student A:

Your parents live in the country. You are planning to visit them this weekend, and they have said that you can bring a friend. Invite your friend, Student B, to go with you. There are two trains on Friday evening: one at five o'clock and one at six. You think that the five o'clock train would be better because there will be more seats. They both leave from Charing Cross station in London. Your brother will meet whichever train you take. It is possible to go for long walks near your parents' house. Horse-riding and tennis are also possible.

Compulsory letter

1 Your friend is going to Brighton in England to do an English course. He/she has written a letter to the school and shows you the letter before posting it. The style of the letter is OK but there are a lot of mistakes. How would you help your friend to correct it?

Dear Sir or Madam!

I am happy that I will come to your school next month to make an English course.

I write for to know details about the travel from London Gatwick to the school. Also I would like an information about how to go to the house of my host family after I will arrive. I hope it is an accommodation near to the school and that the family likes the youngs .

The flight is taking me three hours. I will be arrive at the Gatwick airport at two o'clock p.m. in the afternoon. How much time do I need for to arrive in Brighton? Can I take one bus? How many kilometres is it because maybe I can take one taxi. Would you recommend this to me or will it be too much expensive? Maybe there is a bus I could take.

Can you tell to me what class I will make? I want to do many progress during I am studying with you. I will enter the university next year and for this I need a good level. So I am studying hard when I am in England. How long time is necessary for to pass the Proficiency examination?

I salute you attentively,

2 YOU have arranged to do a course in a language school in an English-speaking country. Write a semi-formal letter to the school finalising travel arrangements and asking any final questions you may have about your accommodation and the course.

A Sense о/ Adventure



1 What famous explorers or travellers has

your country produced? Is there a modern traveller who is often in the news?

2 Why are most travellers and explorers men?


You are going to read about two women

travellers: Freya Stark and Ffyona Campbell. Look at the photographs and try to guess what is different about them.

1 Read Freya Stark's biography and complete the notes.


born in England



injured in an accident






sailed to Beirut



Valley of the Assassins








In her eighties


At age of



At age of 87



Freya Stark

Freya Stark spent twothirds of her life in Arabia and published 25 books. Born in England in 1893, she spent much of her happy childhood in Italy. When she was 12 she had an accident which left her badly

scarred, and in her teens her parents separated. She was a nurse in the First World War and became engaged, but her fiance married someone else while Freya was getting over typhoid. In 1921 she decided to learn Arabic because she believed, "The most interesting things in the world are likely to happen in the neighbourhood of oil." She put off a voyage to

2 What phrases are used in the text to describe when she did something?

3 Phrasal verbs in context.

Which phrasal verbs in the text mean: to recover from, to postpone, to continue?


Use the notes below to write a biography of the explorer Christopher Columbus.


1451 Born Genoa, Italy.

1476 Shipwrecked off coast of Portugal. Wanted to find short route to India for spice trade. Believed world was round and you could go east by sailing west.

1486 Approached Spanish monarchs for support. 3rd August 1492 Set sail in Santa Maria.

12th October 1492 Landed San Salvador. Returned to Spain and greatly honoured. 1493-1496 2nd voyage. Discovered Guadeloupe. Continued to Jamaica.

1498-1500 3rd voyage. Discovered Trinidad and S. American mainland.

1499 Sudden revolt against Columbus. Sent back to Spain a prisoner but pardoned and compensated. 1502-04 Final voyage. Returned ill.

1506 Died Valladolid, Spain.

Lebanon because of illness but in November 1927 finally sailed to Beirut.

In 1934 she published her first success, The Valley of the Assassins. In 1947 Freya married an old friend but they separated four years later. In the 1950s she visited and wrote books about Turkey. During her eighties she carried on her travels and went to Afghanistan and Nepal. When she was 85 she took a trip down the Euphrates on a raft. Her last great journey was when, aged 87, she rode a mule through the Himalayas. She died in Italy at the great age of 100. She said her desire to travel was a result of her childhood: "We had nothing but our own intrinsic selves to rely on and came to look naturally at the intrinsic qualities of other people. Perhaps this is the most important of all assets a traveller can possess for it minimises barriers, whether of nationality, race or caste."

A Sense оf Adventure


You are going to read a magazine article about a woman long-distance walker. Seven


sentences have been removed from the article. Choose from the sentences A-H the one


which fits each gap (1-6). There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.


There is an example at the beginning (0).

A The Western diet is so fatty compared with African food that even bread tastes rich to me.

В She's also preparing for the final leg of her journey across Europe next year. С It also meant coping with loneliness.

DSo that's what I did.

EI've put on three-quarters of a stone because my body is used to being so active and now it's not.

FAnd her body will never be the same again.

GShe came close to giving up a number of times.

HAll to realise the dream she's had since the age of 16.

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