Добавил:
Upload Опубликованный материал нарушает ваши авторские права? Сообщите нам.
Вуз: Предмет: Файл:

English_books / Think first certificate

.pdf
Скачиваний:
1212
Добавлен:
25.02.2016
Размер:
11.34 Mб
Скачать

NEW HORIZONS

FIRST THOUGHTS In pairs or small groups describe and discuss these pictures. Try and imagine

1 where the people had come from.

2why they had left their old homes.

3how they felt.

SPEAKING

Discussion points

1 Have you or anyone in your family ever considered emigrating? 2 What circumstances would make you leave your own country? 3 If you had to, which country would you emigrate to and why?

4Do you have any relatives who have emigrated?

5How easy or difficult would it be for a foreigner to settle down in your country?

VOCABULARY 1 What is the difference between to immigrate and to emigrate? What nouns can you form from them?

160

Destination USA

2 Complete the sentences using the words from the box. Make any changes to the word that are necessary.

1

The ex-president spent the rest of his

 

life in

in a distant country.

2

Thousands of

filled the roads as

 

they tried to escape from the war zone.

3

Unfortunately, some people escape only

 

to find themselves the victims of

 

in the host country.

 

4

I feel so

I wish I could go home

 

and see my family and friends.

5

They were extremely

; they

 

welcomed me into their home and made

 

me feel like one of the family.

6

It was difficult for him to really

 

with the others because the colour of his

 

skin and his hair made him look

 

strange.

 

7

At first she found it very difficult to

 

The culture, food and weather

 

were so different, but eventually she

 

managed to

most things.

8

They escaped from their country and

 

asked for political

in Canada.

9You can't enter the country unless you have a valid

settle down

fit in refugee asylum exile get used to prejudice homesick

hospitable

visa

1 Quickly read the text and find out who the couple in the picture are, what their problem is, and if their story has a happy ending.

2 Complete the text by changing the word in capital letters at the end of the line into a suitable form to fill the gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

Green Card is a (0) romantic comedy about a couple called George and ROMANCE Bronte. It is set in New York. George is a French (1) who can't COMPOSE get a Green Card (a working visa). Bronte is an American

horticulturist who wants to rent an apartment with a greenhouse.

(2)the apartment is only available to married couples, not single FORTUNE

people.

George and Bronte are introduced and in (3)

they agree to DESPERATE

a (4)

of convenience.

She gets the apartment and George is

MARRY

eligible for a Green Card. An (5)

official is highly

 

IMMIGRATE

(6)

of the arrangement

and wants to interview them to check if

SUSPECT

the visa is (7)

 

 

 

JUSTIFY

The couple have to invent an instant history with (8)

 

HUMOUR

consequences. Before too long the (9)

suspicions

 

INVESTIGATE

(10)

and George makes a full

 

 

DEEP

(11)

He leaves the country but by now he and Bronte are

CONFESS

genuinely in love. The (12)

is that even though George is

SUGGEST

forced to leave, they will continue their romance.

 

 

Work in groups of four, Pair A and Pair B.

PAIR A: One of you is a US resident. The other wants a visa. You have to convince immigration officials that there is a family connection between you and that you know each other well, e.g. you are brother/sister/husband/wife. Swap information on these areas: favourite food, music, books, family members, pets, description of family home, education. Pair B, the immigration officers, will try to "break" your story.

PAIR B: See page 165.

Destination USA

A SENSE OF LIBERTY

FIRST THOUGHTS

When people think of the United States, they may think of the Statue of Liberty or Coca Cola!

What do you think people associate with your country?

LISTENING

There is nothing that symbolises the United

States more than the Statue of Liberty. Listen to the tour guide and complete the notes.

The Statue was a present from the people of France to the USA to mark the (1) between the two nations. In her right hand Liberty carries a torch and

in her left a tablet on which the date (2)

is

written.The sculptor who made it was Frederic

(3)

It is made of (4)

sheets. It was

finished in (5)

It weighs (6)

The statue

is (7)

feet high without the pedestal. With the

pedestal its height in metres is (8)

There are

(9)

steps to the observation point. The statue

was dedicated by President

(10)

 

READING

1Read the text and answer the questions.

1How many people emigrated from Europe between 1815 and 1914?

2When was the Irish potato famine?

3How many foreign-born Americans were there in 1890?

4 What was the number of black slaves in 1860?

2 Read the text again and choose the most suitable heading from the list A-I for each part (1-7) of the article. There is one extra heading which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).

AFreedom to Pray

ВAn Enduring Dream

СOne in Seven

DThe Balance Changes

EThe Journey to Despair

FJobs and Land

GFlight from Hunger

HEurope in Crisis

IThe Great Adventure

LANGUAGE STUDY

Numbers

By 1860 there were twenty-seven million free whites, four million slaves and a mere four hundred and eighty-eight thousand free blacks.

Where necessary, correct these sentences.

1She lived for hundred years.

2The population of the USA is over two hundred millions.

3Five thousands of people visit the gallery every day.

Destirtatioa USA 14

4My telephone number is twenty four, thirty three, eight hundred and ninety-five.

5

I would like one dozen of eggs, please.

6

The code for London is nought one seven one.

7

Dozens of people walked out of the film.

8The book is one hundred eighty pages long.

9Altogether that's three pounds and sixty-five.

10The average family has two comma four children.

11The drawer is an eighth of an inch too wide.

12There were thousands of people at the party.

13The Battle of Waterloo was in one thousand eight hundred and fifteen.

14My car does thirty miles for one gallon of petrol.

LISTENING

Listen to the numbers and write them down.

1

Phone numbers

 

 

A

В

2

Account numbers

 

A

В

3

Decimals

 

 

A

В

 

С

 

4

Fractions

 

 

A

В

 

С

D

5

Dates

 

 

A

В

 

С

 

6

Amounts

 

 

A

В

7 Scores

AAgassi won the match

ВItaly beat Holland

8 Large numbers

 

A

В

С

D

PRONUNCIATION

1 Listen to the phone and account numbers again and try to copy the rhythm and intonation. How are the numbers broken up?

Destination USA

2 In pairs, give each other these telephone numbers as if you were speaking over the phone.

A

В

 

 

1 635 4551

4 0145 75551

 

2 289 6412

5 00 36 54215331

3 00 88 4842 6780

6 4524

 

 

LANGUAGE STUDY

 

 

 

The gerund and the infinitive

 

 

1 Study these two sentences.

 

 

They chose to leave their

homes for

social,

economic

and religious reasons.

 

 

 

Immigrants risked losing

their lives

in the

West.

If we want to follow choose with another verb, we must put the second verb into the infinitive.

We can't say They chose emigrating.

If we want to follow risk with another verb, we must put the second verb into the gerund. We can't say

They risked to lose their lives.

2 Complete these sentences by putting the verb in brackets into either the infinitive or the gerund.

1

Have you ever considered

(emigrate)!

2

The customs officer refused

(let) him into

 

the country.

 

 

 

 

3

They denied

(enter) the

country illegally.

4

The government agreed

 

(allow)

the

 

refugees over the border.

 

 

5

They threatened

(deport) her on the next

 

flight.

 

 

 

 

6

He avoided

(cross) the bridge by swimming

 

the river.

 

 

 

 

7

The tourists offered

(hide) her in the boot of

 

their car.

 

 

 

 

8

Would you mind

(show)

me your passport,

 

sir?

 

 

 

 

9

Have you

finished

(fill in) that form?

10

He pretended not

(understand)

the

 

regulations.

 

 

 

 

11

Immigration officials tend

(be)

suspicious.

3 Now divide the verbs in the exercise into those that are followed by the infinitive and those that are followed by the gerund. Can you add to the list?

+ infinitive

+ gerund

4 Look at these pairs of sentences. Decide where there is

• little or no change in meaning

• an important change in meaning.

1 a It started to rain. b It started raining.

2a He remembered to close the window. b He remembered closing the window.

3a I like to play tennis. b I like playing tennis.

4a I like to go to the dentist twice a year. b I like going to the dentist.

5a They stopped to look at the map. b They stopped looking at the map.

6a I meant to apologise. b It meant apologising.

7a She tried to learn Japanese.

b She tried learning ten new words a day.

О Put the verbs in brackets into the gerund or the infinitive. Sometimes, both may be possible. Look carefully at the context you are given.

1

Don't forget

(go) to the travel agent's, will

 

you? The plane tickets need

(pick up).

2

I shall never forget

(see) the Statue of

 

Liberty for the first time.

 

 

3

Oh, no! It's starting

(rain).

4

I like

(play) tennis but I wouldn't like

 

(play) with her. She's such a bad loser.

5

Lucia started

(study) English six years ago.

6

I meant

 

(tell) you about the party but I

 

completely

forgot.

 

 

7

I didn't tell her about the party because it would

 

have meant

 

(invite) her and her boyfriend.

8

Do try

(make) less noise. I'm trying

 

(concentrate).

 

 

 

 

9

He remembers

(drive) up to the crossroads

 

but nothing else after the accident.

10

Have you ever stopped

 

(wonder) why she

 

behaves like that?

 

 

11

We really need

(do)

some shopping; we're

 

running out of everything.

 

12

I've tried

 

(jog) and aerobics, but I still can't

 

lose weight.

 

 

 

 

13

I'm terribly sorry but I forgot

(post) your

 

letter.

 

 

 

 

14

Did you remember

(do)

your homework?

15

I'll stop

 

(lend) you money if you waste it on

 

cigarettes.

 

 

 

 

16

T can't get this table through the door.'

 

'Really? Have you tried

 

(take off) the legs?'

choose

risk

LISTENING

SPEAKING

Destination USA

One group who went West were the Mormans. They wanted to be free to follow their beliefs. Listen to these two friends discussing the Mormons and decide if these statements are True or False.

1

Gina is no longer a Mormon.

6

The plates were written in Hebrew.

2

Mormonism is a Christian religion.

7

Mormonism quickly became popular.

3

It dates from 1727.

8

The plates may have come from Israel.

4

Smith was visited by Mormon.

9

The dead can be included in the

5

There are similarities with the Old

 

church.

 

Testament.

10

Mormons have more than one wife.

The Mormon Tabernacle, Salt Lake City

(From page 161.)

PAIR B: You are immigration officers. Try to "break" Pair A's story and prove that they have no family connection and that they do not know each other very well. Interview each of PAIR A individually and make a note of the answers.

You can only ask questions on these areas: favourite food, music, books, family members, pets, description of family home, education.

When you have finished, swap roles and repeat the procedure.

165

14 Destination USA

FIRST THOUGHTS

USE OF ENGLISH

Work in pairs. Discuss the differences and similarities between the two pairs of pictures.

1 Read the first text and find its connection with the first two photographs you discussed.

2i Read the text again and decide which word A, B, C or D best fits each space. There is an example at the beginning (0).

The all time American hero has to be the cowboy seen in {0) .QQ\mt\eee^ Westerns and TV

serials. Good guys wore white hats, (1)

those the baddies wore were always black.

In (2)

you knew everybody would be white - ( 3 )

from the red Indians, who

were there to be slaughtered. The (4)

belief that the only cowboys were white is

(5)

by the facts. Even though you (6)

ever see a black face in cowboy films,

(7)a quarter and a third were Negroes.

 

The famous cowboy (8)

 

as Deadwood Dick who has been played by white actors

was in (9)

 

 

an ex-slave and civil war veteran. Only such people (10)

 

by a

tough physical existence could (11)

the challenges of life as a cowboy. Outlaws and

sheriffs included their fair (12)

of black men too. The wicked and (13)

outlaw

Belle Starr was half Negro and half Native American, (14)

 

she was played by the

white actress Barbara Stanwyck. Isn't it time we (15)

a more accurate portrayal of

the wild west on our screens?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

A counted

B uncountable

 

8

A known

 

B called

C referred

 

C countless

D numbered.

 

 

D nicknamed

 

 

 

1

A yet

B while

C so

D then

9

A really

 

B truthful

C reality

2

A case

 

B addition

 

C time

 

D factual

 

 

 

 

 

 

D fact

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

A used

B hardened

C tough

3

A apart

 

B except

 

C rather

 

D accustomed

 

 

 

 

D instead

 

 

 

 

 

11

A make

B take

C do

D have

4

A varied

 

B large

 

C widespread

12

A portion

 

B amount

C share

 

D vast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D ration

 

 

 

 

 

5

A criticised

B contrasted

 

13

A famous

 

B well-known

 

 

C contradicted

D confirmed

 

C reputable

D notorious

 

6

A seldom

 

B nearly

C almost

14

A despite

 

B yet

C although

 

D hardly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D then

 

 

 

 

 

7

A about

 

B roughly

C between

15

A took

B had

C made

 

 

D within

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D received

 

 

 

 

166

О Quickly read the text and find the connection it has with the photographs above. Then think of one word to fill each gap.

Baseball, (0)....П!#?.?Г.... than American football, is the national game of the USA. So it is quite understandable that Americans are proud of it and

(1)

it extremely seriously. It is hardly

surprising (2)

that English claims that the

game was based on rounders (3)

in upsetting a

lot of people. Particularly as rounders is a gentle

game for people not tough (4)

 

to play England's

national sport - cricket!

 

 

The argument caused so (5)

controversy that

a special commission was (6)

 

up in 1905 to

establish the truth. (7)

surprisingly, it decided

that baseball had been invented in New York in 1839. Since then baseball has been taken up (8)

over the world. In recent years, South American

countries (9)

come to dominate (10)

amateur game. Cuba has already won the

championship no (11)

than 18 times.

The game has also (12)

on in Australia and

Japan. So (13)

so that these countries can now

field quite impressive teams. These developments

gave one of the (14)

 

blows to American sporting

pride at the Los Angeles Olympics of 1984, where the Japanese (15) to beat the Americans 6-3 in the championship final.

Destination USA

LISTENING

Gus is telling his friend Andy about the rules of American football. Listen carefully to their conversation and answer the following questions.

1 A field goal is worth

Asix points.

Вone point.

Сthree points. D two points.

2In American football, you can pass the ball forwards

Aas often as you like.

Вnever.

Сtwice in a play.

D once in a play.

3A play is

A thirty seconds.

В when the teams block and tackle.

С the time between two scrimmages.

D when the ball is passed between the players.

4How many examples does Gus give of when the ball can change hands between teams?

A 2.

В3.

С4. D 5.

5 Gus thinks that American football is

Aeasy to understand.

Вtwice as difficult to understand as cricket.

Сhalf as difficult to understand as cricket. D easier to understand than cricket.

14 Destination USA

FLORIDA FUN

FIRST THOUGHTS

A group of foreign school children, aged 15-17, are coming to spend a week in your country.

Which places of interest would you recommend they should visit? Include if you can:

a place of natural beauty, e.g. a famous waterfall or national park.

a place where they can see wildlife.

a place where they can have fun, e.g. an amusement park or theme park.

somewhere to relax, e.g. a beach or resort.

• a place of historic interest, e.g. a castle/battlefield.

a technical or engineering achievement, e.g. a bridge or dam.

a place where you can see an old-fashioned/ traditional way of life.

a museum or cultural event.

READING

 

 

 

 

 

 

You are going to read some information about

the entertainment possibilities offered in

Florida, USA. For questions 1-13, choose from the

attractions A-J. Some of the attractions may be

chosen more than once. Where more than one answer

is required, these may be given in any order. There is

an example at the beginning.

 

 

 

 

 

Which attractions would you recommend for someone

who:

 

 

 

 

 

 

wants to know how films are made? 0 A

00 J

 

 

 

 

 

 

wants the most frightening "on land" rides?

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

is fascinated by space and science and technology?

2

3

 

 

 

 

 

loves all kinds of modern music?

 

 

 

 

4

 

wants to go surfing?

 

 

 

 

 

is concerned about the environment?

6

 

would like to see a spectacular parade?

7

would like to see cartoons being produced? |_S

would like to go on a world tour? 9

would like to watch human experts give a display of

water

sports? 10

 

 

 

 

 

wants to go shopping? 11

12

 

 

 

would like to experience a ride on a water chute?

168

13

 

Entertainment. . .

UNIVERSAL STUDIOS

A

Visit Hollywood in Florida at Universal Studios - the largest working studio complex out of "Tinsel Town" itself. "Ride the movies" with King Kong, and the Ghostbusters team, take a bike ride with a

difference in the ET Adventure or blast "Back to the Future" courtesy of Doc Brown... and don't miss "Jaws", Universal Studio's latest attraction.

SEA

WORLD

B

As oceans become more polluted and natura habitat continues to be lost, the conservatior work carried out by Sea World becomes more important by the day. See threatened species such as the Florida manatee, giant

sea turtles, sharks and dolphins - not forgetting "Shamu" the killer whale - and learn more about the fascinating undersea world and how we can protect it.

BUSCH

GARDENS

C

Turn upside down seven times on Busch Gardens' 60mph "kumba" - the largest and fastest steel roller coaster in the southeastern United States! The "Scorpion" and "Python" offer even more thrills and

excitement. At a gentler pace, explore some 300 acres of grounds where more than 3,400 animals live in the open - including chimps, gorillas, lions and giraffes.

WET 'N' WILD

 

D

"Surf's up" at Wet 'n' Wild. You can "catch" 4ft waves at Surf Lagoon, "go for a spin" on the Ragin' Rapids or plunge the 76ft "freefall" of Der Stuke. The watery possibilities here are endless.

CYPRESS GARDENS E

More impressive each year, Florida's very first theme park offers 8,000 varieties of beautifully planted tropical gardens, the world famous Cypress Gardens waterski team, as well as the Gardens' newest

attraction Wings of Wonder Butterfly Conservatory.

Destination USA 14

LISTENING

... Florida style

An interviewer is talking to the Oldham family about their holiday in Florida. Answer the questions by writing R (Roger), C (Christine), or K (Kate).

Pyramid discussion

Follow the instructions to get as much speaking practice as you can on the Entertainment Florida style information.

1 On your own, decide which three places you would most like to visit.

2 Then decide on three with a partner.

3 Then make a decision as a group of five.

4Then as a whole class!

5Decide where you would go if you could only visit one place.

WRITING

The compulsory letter

You work at a travel agent's. A customer, Mrs Green, has asked you to suggest an itinerary for a six-day tour of Florida. Based on what you have read, and the notes below, write a letter in 120-180 words giving your suggestions.

Notes:

 

 

 

 

 

Mrs Green, 42. Science teacher at secondary

school.

Likes

wildlife.

 

 

 

 

Mr

Green,

44.

Likes jazz. Interested in space

and

science. Wants to make Mandy happy.

 

 

Sandy

Green,

15.

He likes science and sea animals.

Thinks he is too old for Magic Kingdom.

 

 

Candy

Green,

13.

She loves films. Keen on water

sports and would like to try surfing.

 

 

Mandy

Green,

13.

She is crazy about Mickey Mouse

and

wild

animals.

 

 

169

Тут вы можете оставить комментарий к выбранному абзацу или сообщить об ошибке.

Оставленные комментарии видны всем.

Соседние файлы в папке English_books