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English topics / THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS.doc
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Geography

Look through the word list, try to memorize the words.

area

/'erIq/

площадь

aurochs

/'O:rPks/

зубр

be situated (in)

/'sICueItId/

располагаться

border (on)

/'bO:dq/

граничить

cover

/'kAvq/

покрывать

crossroads

/'krPsrqVdz/

перекресток

elevation

/"elI'veISn/

возвышенность

grove

/grqVv/

роща

immense

/I'mens/

огромный

lowland

/'lqVlqnd/

низменность

marshy

/'ma:SI/

болотистый

mild

/maIld/

мягкий

plain

/pleIn/

равнина

reservation

/"rIzq'veISn/

заповедник

surround

/sq'raVnd/

окружать

swamp

/"swPmp/

болото

temperately continental

умеренно-континентальный

12. Read the text, pay attention to the underlined words. Make an outline to speak about your native land Belarus. Geography of Belarus

Belarus is our home. There is hardly anyone who will be able to describe the blue of the sky or the peculiar flavour of the home wind of the specific softness of the native soil of the unusual beauty of the people around us.

Belarus is situated in the center of Europe at the crossroads from east to west, from north to south. It borders on Russia to the north and east, on Ukraine to the South, on Poland to the west and Lithuania and Latvia to the north-west.

The republic covers the area of 207,600 square kilometers. The population is about 10 million people.

To describe our land one needs to be a poet. If you go north, you will see a land of Braslav lakes with crystal-clear blue waters surrounded by pine groves. If you go west, you will find yourself in the Brest province- the land of immense fields and meadows. In the south you will be engulfed by infinite forests and marshes.

Broad plains and marshy lowlands occupy nearly three quarters of the territory. They are called Belarusian Polesye. There are also some hills and elevations. They can be found in the northern and central parts of the country.

There are a lot of rivers and streams and more than 10.000 lakes in the republic. The largest rivers are the Dnieper, Western Dvina, Pripiat and Neman, while the largest lake is Naroch. Forests and bushes cover more than a quarter of the area. The most famous is Belavazhskaya Puscha, Rare bisons – aurochses live there.

The climate is temperately continental with a comparatively mild winter and warm summer.

This is our Motherland, young and old, beautiful and full of pride, a country situated in heart of Europe where all roads meet.

People of different nationalities live here in good neighborhood and peace because they have common history and traditions.

13. With an English friend of yours visiting our country you are looking through the latest literary miscellanies. Read the two verses devoted to the native countryside. Try to translate and interpret them to your friend. What do the poets feel about their country? Is it a universal human feeling to love one’s native place?

Край мой.

Не залаты зусiм, не срэбны,

Быÿ на табе заÿсёды ÿбор

Звычайны самы, самы зрэбны:

Зялёны луг ды сiнi бор.

Каля дарогi жыта ÿ полi,

Вярба старая ля ракi,

Ды ÿ жоÿтым восеньскiм прыполе

Рабiн даспелых аганькi.

Ты не сляпiÿ вачэй, быÿ просты

Ва ÿсе вякi твой родны ÿзор:

Гаёÿ бялюткая бяроста,

Густы блакiт лясных азёр.

I лён, зусiм як неба, сiнi,

I ÿсе ÿ рамонках берагi…

Мой беларускi, мой адзiны

Край ад калыскi дарагi…

Г. Бураÿкiн

Радзiма

Мне люба многае на свеце:

дзiцячы смех i сэрца рух,

прыроды радаснае квецце,

cтварэнне чалавечых рук…

Але сярод усiх каханняÿ,

якiя поÿняць сэнс жыцця

i сэрцу так ласкава дараць

нягасны промень пачуцця,

у маiх штодзённасцях i ÿ марах

святлом надзейным маяка

на ÿсiх шляхах жыццёвых ззяе

Радзiма мiлая мая.

…Аднойчы са сваiх блуканняÿ

я да яе iзноÿ вярнусь

i ÿ час шчаслiвага спаткання

стамлёным сэрцам прытулюсь…

Iна Санiна.

Use the words and word combinations from the box:

a native pattern, daily cares and dreams, forest lakes, one’s meaning of life,

a green grassland, a birch grove, a land of…, a strong love of…

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