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ANDERSON_Fundamentals_of_Aerodynamics_2nd_ed_1991

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Stream function (Cant.):

velocity potential, relation with, 143-144

for vortex flow, 204 Streamline, 15, 122-126 Streamlined body_59 Streamtube, 125 Subsonic flow:

compressible, in airspeed measurement, 447-448

definition of, 51-52 Substantial derivative, 117-122 Supercritical airfoil, 556-559 Supersonic flow:

in airspeed measurement, 448-450 definition of, 51-52

pressure coefficient for, 572 Supersonic nozzle design, 589-592 Supersonic wind tunnels, 522-529 Surface forces, 98

Surface integrals, definition of, 86-87 Sutherland's law, 647

Symmetric airfoils, 250, 266-274

Taper ratio, 338-340 Taylor, G. I., 393, 455 Temperature:

definition of, 14 static, 408

total, 408, 410, 433 wall, 664-666

Temperature profile, 714 Thermal conductivity, 36, 647

eddy, 650 Thermodynamics:

first law of, 111, 112, 398-399 second law of, 399-400

Thickness, displacement, 715-717, 728 Thin airfoil stall, 295

Thin airfoil theory:

for cambered airfoil, 275-282 fundamental equation, 269 general development, 266-282 for symmetric airfoil, 266-274

Three-dimensional relieving effect, 384, 474-475

Throat, 162,510,525

Time-dependent technique, 580, 600-607, 694-698, 742

INDEX 771

Total density, 411, 434 Total energy, 114

Total enthalpy, 408-409

Total pressure, 172, 411, 434, 445 Total temperature, 408, 410, 433 Trailing-edge stall, 292

Trailing vortex, 316 Transition of flow, 644-645

Transonic flow, definition of, 52 Transport phenomena, 646 Turbulent boundary layer, 735-736 Turbulent flow, 643

Twist, aerodynamic, 324 Twist, geometric, 323

Underexpanded nozzle flow, 518 Uniform flow, 182-185

Unit vector, definition of, 77

Variable density wind tunnel, 40-41 Vector, curl of (see Curl of a vector) Vector field, divergence of (see

Divergence, vector field) Vector product, 78

Velocity, divergence of, 91-92, 177 Velocity of flow, definition of, 15 Velocity potential:

definition of, 142-143

for doublet flow, 194,380 for source flow, 188, 380

stream function, relation With, 143-144 for uniform flow, 183

for vortex flow, 203 Velocity potential equation:

full equation, 535 linearized, 539

Velocity profile, 639, 714, 726 Venturi,162-163

Viscosity: eddy, 650

kinematic, 723

Viscosity coefficient, 31, 647

Viscous dissipation, 642, 671, 678, 682 Viscous flow:

definition of, 49, 638

energy equation for, 655-658 momentum equation for, 653-654

Viscous interaction, 612

Volta Conference (1935), 393-394, 532

'1'12 INDEX

Volume, finite control, 89

Volume integrals, definition of, 87

von Karman, Theodore, 367,372,373,393

Vortex (vortices): starting, 265-266

trailing, 316

types of, 324, 325, 360-361

wing-tip, 316-317 Vortex filament, 255, 320

Vortex flap, 365 Vortex flow, 200-204

Vortex lattice method, 354-356 289

Vortex panel method, 282-

Vortex sheet, 255-260

Vortex theorem of Helmholtz, 323

Vorticity, 129

Washin,324

Washout, 324

Wave angle, 459, 460

Wave drag, 492, 573

Waves: 489

expansion, 456, 484-

Mach waves, 459

shock (see Shock waves)

Wenham, Francis, 366

Whitcomb, Richard, 291, 558, 559,

563-564 Whittle, Frank, 531

Wind, relative, 16,318

Wind tunnel: low-speed, 164-170

supersonic, 522-529

Wing-tip vortex, 316-317

Wright brothers (Wilbur and orville), 5-6, 68-69, 153, 249, 306, 559

Yeager, Charles, 532, 569

Zero-lift angle of attack, 252, 278

Zero-lift drag coefficient, 61-63