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Dictionary of Medical Acronyms & Abbreviations 5th Edition

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RAIS reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy

RAITI right atrial inversion time index

RAIU radioactive iodine uptake

RALES Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Study

RALPH renal-anal-lung-polydactylyhamartoblastoma [syndrome]

RALT routine admission laboratory tests

RAM random-access memory; rapid alternating movements; rectus abdominis muscle; rectus abdominis myocutaneous [flap]; reduced acquisition matrix; research aviation medicine; resistance-associated mutation; resource allocation methodology; right anterior measurement

RAMEDIS Rare Metabolic Diseases

RAMC Royal Army Medical Corps

RAM-FAST reduced acquisition matrix-Fourier acquired steady state

RaMI Ravenna Myocardial Infarction [trial]

RAMIT Ravenna Myocardial Infarction Trial

RAMM remote-access multidimensional microscopy

RAMP radioactive antigen microprecipitin; rate modulated pacing; right atrial mean pressure

RAMPO randomly amplified microsatellite polymorphism

RAMR risk-adjusted mortality rate

RAMT rabbit antimouse thymocyte; right atrial mobile thrombi

RAN random number; remote area nurse [Australia]; resident's admission notes

RANA rheumatoid arthritis nuclear antigen

rANP rat atrial natriuretic peptide

RANTES regulated on activation, T-cell expressed and secreted

RANTTAS Randomized Trial of Tirilazad in Acute Stroke

RAO right anterior oblique; right anterior occipital; rotational acetabular osteotomy

RaONC radiation oncology

RAP rapid atrial pacing; recurrent abdominal pain; regression-associated protein; renal artery pressure; resident assessment protocol; rheumatoid arthritis precipitin; ribonucleic acid [RNA] arbitrarily primed; right atrial pressure

RAPD randomly amplified polymorphic deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]; relative afferent pupillary defect

RAPDDIP randomly amplified polymorphic deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] for the diploid cases

RAPDHAP randomly amplified polymorphic deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] for the haploid cases

RAPID Recombinant Plasminogen Activator Angiographic Phase II International Dose Finding Study;

Regional Arizona Prehospital Infarction Diagnosis [study]; Reteplase Angiographic Patency International Dose-Ranging Study

RAPK reticulate acropigmentation of Kitamura

RAPM refractory anemia with partial myeloblastosis

RAPO rabbit antibody to pig ovary

RAP-PCR ribonucleic acid [RNA] arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction [PCR]

RAPPORT ReoPro in Acute Myocardial Infarction and Primary Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty Organization and Randomized Trial

RAPS Renfrew and Paisley Study; resident assessment protocols

RAPs radiologists, anesthesiologists, and pathologists

RAPT Ridogrel vs Aspirin Potency Trial

RAR rapidly adapting receptor; rat insulin receptor; retinoic acid receptor; right arm reclining; right arm recumbent

RARA retinoic acid receptor alpha

RARB retinoic acid receptor beta

RARE rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement; retinoic acid response element

RARG retinoic acid receptor gamma

RARLS rabbit anti-rat lymphocyte serum

RARS refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts

RARTS rabbit anti-rat thymocyte serum

RAS radiologist aid system [digital mammography algorithm]; rapid atrial stimulation; recurrent aphthous stomatitis; reflex activating stimulus; reliability, availability, serviceability; remote access service; renal artery stenosis; renal artery stent; renin-angiotensin system; residency application service; reticular activating system; rheumatoid arthritis serum; rotational atherectomy system; Rokitansky-Aschoff sinus; routine analysis station

RA-S refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts

ras retrovirus-associated DNA sequence

RASE rapid acquisition spin echo

RASMC rat aortic smooth muscle cell

RASS rheumatoid arthritis and Sj gren syndrome

RAST radioallergosorbent test

RAT repeat action tablet; rheumatoid arthritis test; right anterior trigone

RATG rabbit antithymocyte globulin

RATHAS rat thymus antiserum

RATMAP Rat Genome Database

rAT-P recombinant antitrypsin Pittsburgh

RATx radiation therapy

RAU radioactive uptake; remote access unit [telemedicine]

RAV rheumatoid arthritis virus; Rous-associated virus

RAVC retrograde atrioventricular conduction; Royal Army Veterinary Corps

RAVES Reduced Anticoagulation in Saphenous Vein Graft Stent [trial]; Reduced Anticoagulation Vein Graft Study

RAVLT Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test

RAW right atrial wall

Raw airway resistance

RAW airway resistance

RAWP Resource Allocation Working Party

RAWTS ribonucleic acid amplification with transcript sequencing

RAZ razoxane

RB broader semantic relationship [UMLS]; radial basis [imaging]; radiation burn; rating board; rebreathing; reticulate body; retinoblastoma; retrobulbar; right breast; right bronchus; right bundle; rigid bronchoscopy

RB1 The RB1 Gene Mutation Database

Rb retinoblastoma

RBA relative binding affinity; rescue breathing apparatus; right basilar artery; right brachial artery; rose bengal antigen

RBAC role-based access control

RBAP repetitive bursts of action potential

RbAP retinoblastoma-associated protein

RBAS rostral basilar artery syndrome rBAT related to b0,+ amino acid transporter

RBB right bundle branch

RBBB right bundle-branch block

RBBP retinoblastoma binding protein

RBBsB right bundle-branch system block

RBBx right breast biopsy

RBC ranitidine bismuth citrate; red blood cell; red blood count rbc red blood cell

RBCA risk-based corrective action

RBC-ChE red blood cell cholinesterase

RBCD right border cardiac dullness

rBCG recombinant bacille Calmette-Guerin [vaccine]

RBCM red blood cell mass

RbCoV rabbit coronavirus

RBCV red blood cell volume

RBD recurrent brief depression; relative biological dose; RNA binding domain; right border of dullness

RBE relative biologic effectiveness

RBF radial basis function; regional blood flow; regional bone mass; renal blood flow

RBFN radial basis function network

RBG red blue green [Doppler]

RBI radiographic baseline

RBI-EM rescaled block-iterative expectation maximization [algorithm]

Rb Imp rubber base impression

RBL rat basophilic leukemia; Reid baseline; retinoblastoma-like

RBL-ILD respiratory bronchiolitis with associated interstitial lung disease

RBM ribonucleic acid [RNA] binding motif rBM reconstituted basement membrane

RBN retrobulbar neuritis

RBNA Royal British Nurses Association

RBNN recurrent backpropagation neural network

RBOW rupture of the bag of waters

RBP retinol-binding protein; riboflavin-binding protein

RBPC cellular retinol-binding protein

RBPI intestinal retinol-binding protein

rBPI recombinant bactericidal/permeability increasing [protein]

RBR risk-based response; rule-based reasoning

RB-RB right bundle to right bundle [depolarization]

RBRVS resource-based relative value scale

RBS random blood sugar; receptor binding site; remote [computer] backup service; Roberts syndrome;

Rutherford backscattering

RbSA rabbit serum albumin

RBSL risk-based screening level

RBST rubber-band straightening transform rBST recombinant bovine somatotropin

RBT resistive breathing training

RBTN rhombotin

RBTNL rhombotin-like

RBUV Rochambeau virus

RBV ribavirin; Rio Bravo virus; right brachial vein

RBW relative body weight

RBZ rubidazone

RC an electronic circuit containing a resistor and capacitor in series; radiocarpal; reaction center; recrystallization; red cell; red cell casts; red corpuscle; Red Cross; referred care; regenerated cellulose; rehabilitation counseling; Renshaw cell; residential care; resistance and compliance; resistive capacity; respiration ceases; respiratory care; respiratory center; respiratory compensation; rest cure; retention catheter; retrograde cystogram; rib cage; root canal; routine cholecystography

R&C resistance and capacitance

Rc conditioned response; receptor

RCA red cell agglutination; regulator of complement activity; relative chemotactic activity; renal cell carcinoma; replication-competent adenovirus; replication-competent alphavirus; retained cortical activity; right coronary angiography; right coronary artery; rotational coronary atherectomy

RCAMC Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps

rCBF regional cerebral blood flow

rCBV regional cerebral blood volume

RCC radiological control center; rape crisis center; ratio of cost to charges; receptor-chemoeffector complex; red cell cast; red cell concentrate; red cell count; regulator of chromosome condensation; renal cell carcinoma; reverse cumulative curve; right common carotid [artery]; right coronary cusp

RCCM Regional Committee for Community Medicine

RCCP renal cell carcinoma, papillary

RCCS remote clinical communications system

RCCT randomized controlled clinical trial

RCD relative cardiac dullness; robust change detection [algorithm in insulin therapy]

RCDA recurrent chronic dissecting aneurysm

RCDP rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata

RCDR relative corrected death rate

RCE reasonable compensation equivalent; Red Coding Engine [software]

RCF red cell ferritin; red cell folate; refractory ceramic fiber; relative centrifugal field/force; ristocetin cofactor

RCG radioelectrocardiography

RCGP Royal College of General Practitioners

RCH rectocolic hemorrhage

RCHF right congestive heart failure

RCHMS Regional Committee for Hospital Medical Services

RCI radiation conformity index; respiratory control index; retrospective cohort incidence

RCIA red cell immune adherence

RCIRF radiologic contrast-induced renal failure

RCIT red cell iron turnover

RCITR red cell iron turnover rate

RCL renal clearance; right coronary leaflet

RCM radial contour model; radiographic contrast medium; red cell mass; reinforced clostridial medium; remacemide; remote center of motion; replacement culture medium; retrospective cohort mortality; right costal margin; Royal College of Midwives

rCMR regional cerebral metabolism rate

rCMRGlc, rCMRglc regional cerebral metabolic rate for glucose rCMRO2 regional cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen

RCN right caudate nucleus; Royal College of Nursing

RCO right coronary ostium

RCoF ristocetin cofactor

RCOG Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

RCoV respiratory coronavirus

RCP radiochemical purity; red cell protoporphyrin; retrocorneal pigmentation; riboflavin carrier protein; Royal College of Physicians

rCP regional cerebral perfusion rcp reciprocal translocation

RCPath Royal College of Pathologists

RCPG respiratory center pattern generator

RCPH red cell peroxide hemolysis

RCPP recurrent coronary prevention program

rCPP regional cerebral perfusion pressure

RCPSC Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

RCPSGlas Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, Glasgow

RCR relative consumption rate; replication-competent recombinant; replication-competent retrovirus; respiratory control ratio

RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

rCRF recombinant corticotropin-releasing factor

RCS rabbit aorta-contracting substance; real-time control system; red cell suspension; reference coordinate system; renal collector system; reticulum cell sarcoma; revision control system; right coronary sinus; Royal College of Science; Royal College of Surgeons

RCSE Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh

RCSSS resource coordination system for surgical service

RCT radiotherapy and chemotherapy; randomized clinical trial; randomized controlled trial; registered care technologist; retrograde conduction time; root canal therapy; Rorschach content test; rotator cuff tear

rct a marker showing the ability of virulent strains to replicate at 40°C, while vaccine strain shows no replication

rCTB recombinant cholera toxin B

RCTE randomized clinical trial evaluator

RCU respiratory care unit

RCV rabbit calicivirus; recoverin; red cell volume

RCVS Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons

RCWI right cardiac work index

RD radial deviation; radiology department; rate difference; Raynaud disease; reaction of degeneration; registered dietitian; Reiter disease; related donor; relative dose; renal disease; resistance determinant; resistant disease; respiratory disease; resuscitation device; retinal degeneration; retinal detachment; Reye disease; rheumatoid disease; right deltoid; Riley-Day [syndrome]; Rolland-Desbuquois [syndrome]; rubber dam; ruminal drinking; ruptured disk

Rd rate of disappearance

rd rutherford

R&D research and development

RDA rapid epidemiological assessment; recommended daily allowance; recommended dietary allowance; Registered Dental Assistant; representation difference analysis; right dorsoanterior [fetal position]; right ductus arteriosus

RDB random double-blind [trial]; relational database

RDBMS regional database management system; relational database management system

RDBP RD [gene] binding protein

RDBS relational database server

RDB-X random double-blind crossover

RDC research data center; research diagnostic criteria

RDCRD Rare Disease Clinical Research Database

RDD relative depth dose [radiation]

RDDA recommended daily dietary allowance

RDDB Rare Disease Database

RDDP ribonucleic acid-dependent deoxynucleic acid polymerase

RDE receptor-destroying enzyme; remote data entry

RDEB recessively inherited dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa

RDED radiation dose required

RDES remote data entry system

RDF rapid dissolution formula

RDFC recurring digital fibroma of childhood

RDG retrograde duodenogastroscopy

RDH Registered Dental Hygienist

RDHBF regional distribution of hepatic blood flow

RDHI research and development health informatics

RDI recommended daily intake; respiratory disturbance index; rupture-delivery interval

RDIC resuscitation device, individual chemical

RDLBBB rate-dependent left bundle-branch block

RDM readmission

RDMS registered diagnostic medical sonographer rDNA recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA]

RDOG radiology diagnostic oncology group

RDP right dorsoposterior [fetal position]

RDPA right descending pulmonary artery

RDQ respiratory disease questionnaire

RDR research data repository

RDRP, RdRp ribonucleic acid [RNA]-dependent ribonucleic acid polymerase

RDRS Rapid Disability Rating Scale

RDS Raskin Depression Scale; respiratory distress syndrome; reticuloendothelial depressing substance; rhodanese; slow retinal degeneration

RDT randomized discontinuation trial; retinal damage threshold; routine dialysis therapy

RDW red blood cell distribution width index

RDX radixin

RE radium emanation; random error; reading epilepsy; readmission; rectal examination; reference emitter; reflux esophagitis; regional enteritis; relative effectiveness; renal and electrolyte; resistive exercise; resting energy; restriction endonuclease; reticuloendothelial; retinol equivalent; right ear; right eye

RE respiratory exchange ratio

R&E research and education

Re rhenium

Re Reynold number

REA radiation emergency area; radioenzymatic assay; regulatory effectiveness analysis; renal anastomosis; restriction endonuclease analysis; right ear advantage

rea rearrangement

REAB refractory anemia with excess of blasts

REACH research on endothelin antagonism in chronic heart failure; resource utilization in congestive heart failure [studies]

REACT rapid early action in coronary treatment

REAC/TS Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site

readm readmission

READS restriction enzyme analysis of differentially expressed sequences

REAL Revised European-American Lymphoma [classification]

REALM rapid estimate of adult literacy in medicine

REAP restriction endonuclease analysis of plasmid

REAR renal, ear, anal, and radial [malformation syndrome]

REAS reasonably expected as safe; retained, excluded antrum syndrome

REAT radiological emergency assistance team

REB roentgen-equivalent biological

REC receptor; recombination, recombinant chromosome

rec fresh [Lat. recens]; recessive; recombinant chromosome; record; recovery; recurrence, recurrent

RECA recombination protein A

RECAP retrosynthetic combinatorial analysis procedure recCHO recombinant Chinese hamster ovary

RECF extracellular fluid resistance

RECG radioelectrocardiography recip recipient; reciprocal

RECIT Representation du Contenu Informationel de Testes Medicaux recon the smallest unit of DNA capable of recombination

recond reconditioned, reconditioning

RECPAM recursive partition and amalgamation recumb recumbent

RECREATE Rescue of Closed Arteries Treated by Stent for Threatened or Abrupt Closure [study] recryst recrystallization

rect rectal; rectification, rectified; rectum; rectus [muscle]

Rec Ther recreational therapy recur recurrence, recurrent

RED radiation experience data; rapid erythrocyte degeneration; repeat expansion detection red reduction

REDAP rural emergency department approved for pediatrics

RED-LIP Reduction of Lipid Metabolism [study] redox oxidation-reduction

REDP reduced energy diet program

REDS Retrovirus Epidemiology Donor Study

REDUCE Randomized Double-Blind Unfractionated Heparin and Placebo-Controlled Multicenter Trial; Restenosis Reduction by Cutting Balloon Evaluation [study]

REE rapid extinction effect; rare earth element; resting energy expenditure

REEDS retention of tears, ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and strange hair, skin and teeth [syndrome]

REEG radioelectroencephalography

R-EEG resting electroencephalography

ReEND reproductive endocrinology

REEP right end-expiratory pressure

reev re-evaluate

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