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Dictionary of Medical Acronyms & Abbreviations 5th Edition

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CHASE cut holes and sink 'em [operation]

CHAT conversational hypertext access technology

ChAT choline acetyltransferase

CHATH chemically hardened air transportable hospital

CHB chronic hepatitis B; complete heart block; congenital heart block

ChB Bachelor of Surgery [Lat. Chirurgiae Baccalaureus]

CHBA congenital Heinz body hemolytic anemia

CHBHA congenital Heinz body hemolytic anemia

CHC chromosome condensation; community health center; community health computing; community health council

CH3 CCNU semustine

CHCIS community health care information system

CHCL congenital healed cleft lip

CHCP correctional health care program

CHCS composite health care system

CHCT caffeine/halothane contracture test

CHD Chediak-Higashi disease; childhood disease; child in semantic hierarchy [UMLS]; chronic hemodialysis; common hepatic duct; congenital or congestive heart disease; congenital hip dislocation; constitutional hepatic dysfunction; coronary heart disease; cyanotic heart disease

ChD Doctor of Surgery [Lat. Chirurgiae Doctor]

CHDM comprehensive hospital drug monitoring

CHDP Child Health and Disability Prevention [program]

ChE cholinesterase

che a gene involved in chemotaxis

CHEAPER Confirmation that Heparin Is an Alternative to Promote Early Reperfusion in Acute Myocardial Infarction [study]

CHEC clearinghouse for emergency aid to the community; community hypertension evaluation clinic

CHED congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy

CHEER Chest Pain Evaluation in Emergency Room [trial]

CHEF Chinese hamster embryo fibroblast; contour-clamped homologous electric field

CHEM chemical [UMLS]

chem chemistry, chemical; chemotherapy

ChemID Chemical Identification; Chemical Identification File [NLM database]

CHEMLINE Chemical Dictionary On-Line

Chemo chemotherapy

CHEMTREC Chemical Transportation Emergency Center

CHEP cricohyoidoepiglottopexy

CHEPER Chest Pain Evaluation Registry [study]

CHERSS continuous high-amplitude EEG rhythmical synchronous slowing

CHESS chemical shift selective; Comprehensive Health-Enhancement Support System

CHEST chick embryotoxicity screening test; Combined Higher Education Software Team

CHF chick embryo fibroblast; chronic heart failure; congenital hepatic fibrosis; congestive heart failure; Crimean hemorrhagic fever

CHFD controlled high flux dialysis

CHFDT congestive heart failure data tool

CHF-IES Congestive Heart Failure-Italian Epidemiological Study

CHF-STAT Congestive Heart Failure-Survival Trial of Antiarrhythmic Therapy

CHFV combined high-frequency ventilation chg change, changed

CHGA chromogranin A

CHGB chromogranin B

CHH cartilage-hair hypoplasia

CHHS congenital hypothalamic hamartoma syndrome

ChHV chelonid herpesvirus

CHI clinical health informatics; closed head injury; consumer health information; creatinine height index chi chimera

χ Greek letter chi

χ2 chi-squared [test, measure goodness of fit]; chi-squared statistic

χm magnetic susceptibility

χs electric susceptibility

Chi-A chimpanzee leukocyte antigen

CHIC Cardiovascular Health In Children [study]

CHID Combined Health Information [NIH] Database

CHIKV Chikungunya virus

CHILD congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythroderma and limb defects [syndrome]

CHILI Consumer Health Information Literature [database, UK]

CHIM Center for Healthcare Information Management

CHIME Center for Health Information Management and Evaluation; College of Healthcare Information Management Executives; coloboma, heart anomaly, ichthyosis, mental retardation, ear abnormality

CHIMR Centre for Health Information Management Research [UK]

CHIMS community-based health information system

CHIMV Chim virus

CHIN community health information network

CHINA chronic infectious neurotropic agent

CHIP child health improvement program; Children's Health Insurance Program; comprehensive health insurance plan; Coronary Health Improvement Project

CHIPA community health planning agency

CHIPASAT Children's Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task

CHIPS catastrophic health insurance plans

CHiQ Centre for Health Information Quality [UK]

Chir Doct Doctor of Surgery [Lat. Chirurgiae Doctor] chirug surgical [Lat. chirurgicalis]

CHIS community health information system; Consumer Health Information Systems

CHIV Chilibre virus

CHL Chinese hamster lung; chlorambucil; chloramphenicol

Chl chloroform; chlorophyll

CHLA cyclohexyl linoleic acid

Chlb chlorobutanol

CHLD chronic hypoxic lung disease chlor chloride

CHLS combined heart and lung surgery

ChlVPP chlorambucil, vinblastine, procarbazine, prednisone

ChM Master of Surgery [Lat. Chirurgiae Magister]

CHMD clinical hyaline membrane disease

CHMIS community health management information system

CHMR Centre for Health Information Management Research [UK]

ChmVd chlorotic mottle viroid

CHN carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen; child health nurse; child neurology; Chinese [hamster]; community health nurse

CHNS China Health and Nutrition Survey

CHO carbohydrate; Chinese hamster ovary; chorea; comprehensive health organization

Cho choline

CH2O water clearance

choc chocolate

CHOICE Caring for Hypertension on Initiation: Cost and Effectiveness [study]; Congestive Heart Failure Mortality: Investigation on Carvedilol's Efficacy

CHOICES Cancer, Heart Disease, Osteoporosis Interventions, and Community Evaluation Studies

CHOIR Center for Health Outcomes Improvement Research

CHOL, chol cholesterol

c hold withhold

CHOP cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunomycin, Oncovin, and prednisone

ChoP cell-surface phosphocholine

CHORUS Collaborative Hypertext in Radiology

CHOV Chaco virus

CHP calcineurin homologue protein; capillary hydrostatic pressure; charcoal hemoperfusion; Chemical Hygiene Plan; child psychiatry; Children's Health Project; community health plan; comprehensive health planning; coordinating hospital physician; cricohyoidopexy; cutaneous hepatic porphyria

ChP chest physician

CHPA community health planning agency; community health purchasing alliance

CHPV Chandipura virus; chicken parvovirus

ChPV chipmunk parvovirus

chpx chickenpox

CHQ chloroquinol

CHQCP Cleveland Health Quality Choice Project

CHR cerebrohepatorenal [syndrome]; chemical hazards regulations

Chr Chromobacterium

chr chromosome; chronic

c hr candle hour

c-hr curie-hour

ChRBC chicken red blood cell

CHREF Connecticut Healthcare Research and Education Foundation

CHRIS Cancer Hazards Ranking and Information System; Chemical Hazard Response Information System

CHRISTMAS Carvedilol Hibernation Reversible Ischemia Trial: Marker of Success

CHROMINFO chromosome information [database]

chron chronic

CHRONIC chronic disease, rheumatoid arthritis, neoplasms, infections, cryoglobulinemia [conditions in which rheumatoid factor is produced]

CHRPE congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium

CHRS cerebrohepatorenal syndrome; Christian syndrome

CHRV Chub reovirus

CHS Canada Health Survey; cardiovascular health study; Center for Health Statistics; central hypoventilation syndrome; Charleston Heart Study; Chediak-Higashi syndrome; Chinese Health Study; cholinesterase; chondroitin sulfate; citizen health system [Greece]; community health study; compression hip screw; Congenital Heart Surgeons Society [study]; congenital hypoventilation syndrome; contact hypersensitivity; Copenhagen City Heart Study; coronary heart study

CHSD Children's Health Services Division

CHSO total hemolytic serum C activity

CHSP Child Health Surveillance Programme [Scotland]; Clinton Health Security Plan

CHSS cooperative health statistics system

CHT chemotherapy; combined hormone therapy; contralateral head turning

ChTg chymotrypsinogen

ChTK chicken thymidine kinase

ChTX charybdotoxin

CHU centigrade heat unit; closed head unit

CHUSPAN [treatment of] Churg-Strauss Syndrome and Polyarteritis Nodosa [study]

CHV canine herpes virus; Cryphonectria hypovirus

CHVF chemically viewed functionally [UMLS]

CHVS chemically viewed structurally [UMLS]

CHVV Charleville virus

ChYNMV Chinese yam necrotic mosaic virus

CI calcium ionophore; cardiac index; cardiac insufficiency; cation-independent; cell immunity; cell inhibition; cephalic index; cerebral infarction; cervical incompetence; chemical ionization; chemically induced; chemoimmunotherapy; chemotactic index; chemotherapeutic index; chromatid interchange; chronic infection; chronic inflammation; clinical investigator; clomipramine; clonus index; cochlear implant; coefficient of intelligence;

colloidal iron; color index; Colour Index; competitive index [microbial]; complete iridectomy; confidence index; confidence interval [statistics]; conformity index [imaging]; contamination index; contextual inquiry; continued insomnia; continuous imaging; continuous improvement; continuous infusion; contraindication or contraindicated; convergence insufficiency; coronary insufficiency; corrected count increment; covering index; crystalline insulin; cumulative incidence; cytotoxic index

Ci curie

CI intercept on concentration

CIA chemiluminescent immunoassay; chymotrypsin inhibitor activity; colony-inhibiting activity; congenital intestinal aganglionosis

CIAC central independent adjudication committee

CIAIT Chinese Infarction Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor Trial

CIBD chronic inflammatory bowel disease

CiBER Centre for Information Behaviour and Analysis Research [UK]

CIBHA congenital inclusion-body hemolytic anemia

CIBIS Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study

CIBP chronic intractable benign pain

CIBPS chronic intractable benign pain syndrome

CIC cardioinhibitor center; care improvement council; certification in infection control; circulating immune complex; clean intermittent catheterization; completely in the canal [hearing aid]; computers in cardiology; computing, information, and communication; constant initial concentration; crisis intervention center

Cic cicletanine

CICA cervical internal carotid artery

CICR calcium-induced-calcium release process [calcium channel]

CICU cardiac intensive care unit; cardiovascular inpatient care unit; coronary intensive care unit

CID cellular immunodeficiency; Center for Infectious Diseases; charge injection device; chick infective dose; combined immunodeficiency disease; Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary; cytomegalic inclusion disease

CID50 median chimpanzee infective dose

CId inter-compartmental diffusion

CIDEMS Center for Information and Documentation

CIDEP chemically induced dynamic electron polarization

CIDI composite international diagnostic interview

CIDI-SAM Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Substance Abuse Module

CIDM computerized infectious disease monitor

CIDNP chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization

CIDP chronic idiopathic polyradiculopathy; chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy; Clinical Initiatives Development Program

CIDS Canadian Implantable Defibrillator Study; Canadian Internal Defibrillator Study; cellular immunity deficiency syndrome; circular intensity differential scattering; continuous insulin delivery system

CIE Canberra Interview for the Elderly; cellulose ion exchange; congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma; counter-current immunoelectrophoresis; counterimmunoelectrophoresis; crossed immunoelectrophoresis

CIEBOV Cote d'Ivoire Ebola virus

CIEP counterimmunoelectrophoresis; crossed immunoelectrophoresis

CIF cartilage induction factor; cloning inhibitory factor; congenital infantile fibrosarcoma

CIFC Council for the Investigation of Fertility Control

CIG cardiointegram; cold-insoluble globulin; computer-interpretable guidelines

CIg intracytoplasmic immunoglobulin cIgM cytoplasmic immunoglobulin M

CIGTS Comparison of Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study

CIH carbohydrate-induced hyperglyceridemia; Certificate in Industrial Health; children in hospital

CIHI Canadian Institute for Health Information

CIHR Canadian Institutes of Health Research ci-hr curie-hour

CIHS central infantile hypotonic syndrome

CiHV ciconiid herpesvirus

CII cancer informatics infrastructure; Carnegie Interest Inventory; continuous intravenous infusion

CIIA common internal iliac artery

CIIP chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudoobstruction

CIIPX [X-linked] chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction

CIIR Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval

CiIV Casinaria infesta ichnovirus

CILIP Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals [UK]

CIM cimetidine; cortically induced movement; Cumulated Index Medicus; cytoimmunological monitoring

Ci/ml curies per milliliter

CI-MPR cation-independent mannose-6-phosphate receptor

CIMS chemical ionization mass spectrometry

CIN central inhibition; cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; chronic interstitial nephritis; community information network

CIN 1, CIN I cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, grade 1 (mild dysplasia)

CIN 2, CIN II cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, grade 2 (moderate-severe)

CIN 3, CIN III cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, grade 3 (severe dysplasia and carcinoma in situ)

Cin increased concentration [of blood]; insulin clearance

CINAHL Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature

Cinahl Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health [UK]

CINCA chronic infantile neurological cutaneous and auricular [syndrome]

CINDI Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention [study]

CINE chemotherapy-induced nausea and emesis

C1 INH complement 1 inhibitor

C1-INH C1-esterase inhibitor

CINI Computers in Nursing Interactive

CIO chief information officer; corticoid-induced osteoporosis

CIOMS Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences

CIP care information provision; chronic idiopathic polyradiculoneuropathy; chronic intestinal pseudoobstruction; Collection de l'Institut Pasteur

CIPA client interface for professional access; Computer-Aided Identification of Phlebotomine Sandflies of the Americas [leishmaniasis]

CIPC Center for Injury Prevention and Control

CIPD continuous intermittent peritoneal dialysis

CIPF classic interstitial pneumonitis-fibrosis; clinical illness promoting factor

CIPHER Common Information for Public Health Reporting

CIPM International Committee on Weights and Measures [Comite International de Poids et Mesures]

CIPN chronic inflammatory polyneuropathy

CIPRA Comprehensive International Program of Research on AIDS

CIPSO chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction

CIR constant interval reciprocal

CIRC Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release

circ circuit; circular; circumcision; circumference circ & sens circulation and sensation

CIREN Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network

CIRF clinically insignificant renal fragments; contrast-induced renal failure

CIRSE Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe

CIRSET Committee on Immunization Registry Standards and Electronic Transactions

CIS capacity information system; carcinoma in situ; catheter-induced spasm; central inhibitory state; Chemical Information Service; clinical information system; computer-integrated surgery; computerized information system; continuous interleaved sampler; Coronary Intervention Study; cumulative impairment score

CI-S calculus index, simplified

CiS cingulate sulcus

CISC complex-instructional-set computing

CISCAIIBIV Cytoxan, Adriamycin, platinum, vinblastine, bleomycin cis-DPP cisplatin

CISE Computer and Information Science and Engineering [National Science Foundation Directorate]

CISET Committee on International Science, Engineering, and Technology

CISH competitive in situ hybridization

CISMeF Catalog and Index of French-Speaking Resources

CISP chronic intractable shoulder pain

CIS PT cisplatin

13-cis-RA 13-cis-retinoic acid

CISS chromosome in situ suppression; Common Internet Scheme Syntax; constructive interference in steady state

CISST computer integrated surgical system and technology

CIT citrate; combined intermittent therapy; conjugated-immunoglobulin technique; critical incident technique; crossed intrinsic transfer

cit citrate

CITS Carey Infant Temperament Scale

CITT Chemical Industry Institute for Toxicology

CITTS Central Illinois Thrombolytic Therapy Study

CIV Carey Island virus; ceratitis I virus; continuous intravenous infusion

CIVI continuous intravenous infusion

CIVII continuous intravenous insulin infusion

CIXA constant infusion excretory urogram

CJ conjunctivitis

CJA Creutzfeldt-Jakob agent

CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

CJS Creutzfeldt-Jakob syndrome

CJSV Carajas virus

CjvO2 jugular venous oxygen content

CK calf kidney; casein kinase; chemokine; chicken kidney; cholecystokinin; choline kinase; contralateral knee; creatine kinase; cyanogen chloride; cytokinin

CKII casein kinase II

ck check, checked

Cκ kappa light chain constant region [immunoglobulins]

CKB creatine kinase, brain type

CKC cold-knife conization

CKD cone-kernal distribution

CKG cardiokymography

C/kg coulomb per kilogram

CKI cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor

CKM creatine kinase, muscle type

CKMB creatine kinase, myocardial bound

CKMM creatine kinase, muscle type

CK-PZ cholecystokinin-pancreozymin

CKR chemokine receptor

CKRM clinical knowledge repository manager

CKS classic form of Kaposi sarcoma

CL capillary lumen; cardiolipin; case library; cell line; central [venous] line; centralis lateralis; cervical line; chemiluminescence; chest and left arm [lead in electrocardiography]; childhood leukemia; cholelithiasis; cholesterol-lecithin; chronic leukemia; cirrhosis of liver; clavicle; clear liquid; clearance; cleft lip; clinical laboratory; clomipramine; complete linkage; complex loading; composite lymphoma; computational linguistics; confidence limit or level; contact lens; corpus luteum; corrected [echo long axis] length; cricoid lamina; criterion level; critical list; cutaneous leishmaniasis; cutis laxa; cycle length; cytotoxic lymphocyte; lung capacity; lung compliance

C-L consultation-liaison [setting]

CL constant region of light chain of immunoglobulin molecule; lung compliance

Cl chloride; chlorine; clavicle; clear; clearance; Cl esterase; clinic; Clostridium; closure; colistin

cl centiliter; clarified; clean; clear; cleft; clinic; clinical; clonus; clotting; cloudy

Cλ lambda light chain constant region [immunoglobulins]

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