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NO ARTICLE

USE THE

EXCEPTIONS

CATEGORY

(Article ‘a’)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thingsconsideredtobeuni

* a full moon,

the sky, the

nature, space

a bright red

sun,

 

que

 

sun (like any

the moon,

 

 

 

 

noun with

the ground,

Men’s ventures

 

a descriptive

the earth,

into space.

 

attribute)

the world,

I love nature.

 

 

the universe,

 

 

 

the horizon,

 

 

 

the cosmos

 

 

 

 

 

 

Venus [vi:nэs],

 

Butthe planet

 

Mercury['mə:kjur

 

we live in or the

Planets

i], 'Jupiter ,

 

land we

 

'Saturn, Uranus

 

liveon:the Earth,

 

[ju'reinэs], Pluto,

 

the planet Earth

 

'Neptune

 

or the earth

 

 

 

 

 

Asia, Africa,

 

 

 

Australia,

 

 

Continents

Europe,

 

 

 

South/North

 

 

 

America,

 

 

 

Antarctica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the north,

set expressions:

 

 

 

 

461

The four cardinal points

 

the south,

from east to

 

 

 

and directions

 

the east, the

west,

 

 

 

 

 

west,

from north to

 

 

the north-

south

 

 

west,

 

 

 

the north-

 

 

 

east

 

 

 

the North /

 

 

 

South Pole,

 

 

 

the Equator,

 

 

 

in the South

 

 

 

of England

 

 

 

 

 

Geographicalregions

 

the Arctic,

 

 

the

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antarctic

 

 

 

the Far

 

 

 

North,

 

 

 

the Far East,

 

 

 

the Middle

 

 

 

East,

 

 

 

the

 

 

 

Midlands,

 

 

 

the

 

 

 

Caucasus,

 

 

 

the Crimea,

 

 

 

the Ruhr (in

 

 

 

Germany),

 

 

 

theDordony

 

 

 

e (France),

 

 

 

the Punjab

 

 

 

 

 

462

 

 

(India)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historicalreferences

Ancient Greece,

 

 

Note:

Medieval

 

 

The Dark Ages,

 

 

 

 

Europe,

 

 

the Renaissance,

 

Renaissance,

But:

the Stone Age,

 

Europe,

the Europe

the Victorian

 

Feudal France,

of today

Age

 

Roman Britain,

(with a

 

 

pre-war/post war

limiting

 

 

Germany,

attribute)

 

 

present day Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Countries

Great Britain,

but: the

 

Sweden,

France of his

the Vatican,

 

 

Switzerland,

youth

the Congo,

 

Denmark,

 

plural

(the) Ivory

 

Ukraine, Israel,

 

names

Coast, (the)

 

China,

the

 

Sudan,

 

Argentina*

Netherlands,

(the) Lebanon,

 

 

the

 

(the) Yemen,

 

 

Philippines;

the Transvaal,

 

 

 

the

Cameroun or the

 

 

 

names

Cameroons

 

 

which

the Argentine*

 

 

include

 

 

 

words like

 

 

 

‘republic,

 

 

 

union,

 

 

 

kingdom,

 

 

 

states’:

 

 

 

the People’s

 

 

 

 

 

 

463

 

 

Republic of

 

 

 

China, the

 

 

 

Czech

 

 

 

Republic,

 

 

 

the ARE or

 

 

 

the Arab

 

 

 

Republic of

 

 

 

Egypt, the

 

 

 

United Arab

 

 

 

Emirates or

 

 

 

the UAE,

 

 

 

the USA,

 

 

 

the UK

 

 

 

 

 

most states,

Washington

the state of

 

counties,

state, New

Washington,

 

provinces,

Mexico, Florida,

the state of

 

political and

Texas,

Texas,

 

administrative regions of

California, New

 

 

a country

England,

 

 

 

Wiltshire,

 

 

 

Westphalia,

the whole of

 

 

Bavaria, Kent,

Venice –

 

 

Venice

усяВенеція

 

 

(Holland is a

 

 

 

region in the

 

 

 

central-western

 

 

 

part of the

 

 

 

Netherlands.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

464

names of

Northern Ireland,

 

 

 

 

 

countries or regions or

Highland Britain,

 

 

 

 

 

areas which have a

Central Asia,

 

 

 

 

 

geographical attribute

Upper Austria,

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lower Egypt,

 

 

 

Southern France,

 

 

 

Western and

 

 

 

Eastern Europe,

 

 

 

Latin America

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chicago, Oxford,

 

 

Towns, cities

Vienna,

the Chicago

the Hague

 

Cairo ['kaiэrou],

ofthe 1920s,

(in the

 

Kyiv,

the city of

Netherlands, the

 

New York City

New York

seat of its

 

but:

 

government)

 

It was a different

 

 

 

Paris,unknown to

 

 

 

her.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Streets, avenues

Downing Street,

 

the London

 

Oxford Str.,

 

Road, the Mall,

 

Fifth Avenue,

 

the Champs of

 

Charing Cross

 

Elysees

 

Road

 

(Єлисейськіпол

 

 

 

я),

 

 

 

theEdgwareRoa

 

 

 

d,

 

 

 

the High Street

 

 

 

but in the

 

 

 

address:

 

 

 

 

465

 

 

 

 

24 High Street,

 

 

 

 

104

 

 

 

 

EdgwareRoad

 

 

 

 

Bodies of water:

 

the (River)

 

rivers

 

Thames,

 

 

 

 

the River

 

 

 

 

Seine,

 

 

 

 

the

 

 

 

 

Mississippi,

 

 

 

 

the Nile,

 

lakes

 

the Danube,

 

 

 

Sg.

the Rhine,

the Great Salt

 

 

Victoria Lake,

theDnipro

Lake

 

 

Lake Huron,

 

 

 

 

Lakes Michigan

the lake of

 

 

 

and Ontario,

Geneva,

 

 

 

Loch Ness,

the Baikal,

 

 

 

Mono Lake,

the Huron

 

 

 

Lake Ladoga

(without the

 

gulfs, bays

 

word

 

(usually smaller than

Hudson Bay, San

‘lake’!)

 

gulfs), straits

Francisco Bay,

Pl.the Great

 

 

 

Gibraltar

Lakes

 

cannels,

 

the Persian

 

 

channels

 

Gulf,

 

 

 

 

the Gulf of

 

 

 

 

Finland

 

 

 

 

the Bay of

 

 

 

 

Biscayne

 

 

 

 

the Bay of

 

 

 

 

 

 

466

 

 

 

Bengal

 

 

 

 

the Strait(s)

 

seas

 

of Gibraltar,

 

 

 

 

the Strait of

 

 

 

 

Magellan,

 

 

 

 

the Panama

 

 

 

 

Canal,

 

oceans

 

the Suez

 

 

 

 

Canal,

 

 

 

 

the

 

waterfalls

 

(English)

 

 

 

 

Channel

 

 

 

 

 

Niagara (Falls)

 

 

 

the Black

 

 

 

 

Sea,

 

 

 

 

the Dead

 

 

 

 

Sea,

 

 

 

 

the

 

 

 

 

Mediterrane

 

 

 

 

an

 

 

 

 

the Caspian

 

 

 

 

sea

 

 

 

 

the Atlantic

 

 

 

 

ocean,

 

 

 

 

the Pacific

 

 

 

 

the Iguaçu

 

 

 

 

Falls,

 

 

 

 

the Victoria

 

 

 

 

 

 

467

 

 

Falls

 

 

 

 

 

islands

individual

groups of

 

 

island

islands:

 

 

Long Island,

the British

 

 

Hong Kong,

Isles,

 

 

Tahiti, Crete,

the

 

 

Corsica, Cyprus

Hawaiian

 

 

[sai..]

Islands,

 

 

 

the West

 

 

 

Indies,

 

 

 

the

 

 

 

Bahamas,

 

 

 

theBermuda

 

 

 

s,

 

 

 

the Canaries

 

 

 

= the

 

 

 

 

 

468

Canary

Islands

Note:

the Isle of

Man

Mountains, peaks, hills

individual

mountain

 

mountain

ranges

 

Ben Nevis,

the Andes,

 

Elbrus, Everest,

the Alps,

 

Mont Blanc,

the

 

Snowdon,

Himalayas,

 

Kilimanjaro,

theCarpatian

 

Mount Fuji,

s,

 

Mounts Whitney

the

 

and Rainier

Appalachian

 

 

mountains;

 

 

the Rocky

 

 

mountains or

 

 

the Rockies,

 

 

the Black

 

 

Hills

 

 

 

Valleys

 

the

 

Sacramento

 

 

469

 

 

valley,

 

 

 

the Hudson

 

 

 

valley

 

 

 

 

 

Jungles, forests,

 

the Amazon

 

rainforest

 

rainforest,

 

 

 

the Black

 

 

 

Forest

 

 

 

 

 

Deserts

 

the Sahara,

 

 

the Gobi,

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Kara

 

 

 

Kum Desert

 

 

 

 

 

The Article with place names (names of buildings, ships, etc.)

Category

No article

The

Exceptions

 

 

 

 

airports, railway

Kennedy Airport,

 

 

stations and

Heathrow,

 

 

other two-word

Gatwick Airport,

 

 

names the first

Victoria Station,

 

 

word of which is

King’s Cross Station,

 

 

the name of a

Windsor Castle,

 

 

person or place

Buckingham Palace

 

 

 

 

 

 

most hotels

But:Claridge’s

the Hilton (hotel)

 

 

Brown’s Hotel

the Ritz, the Plaza

 

 

 

hotel, the Carlton

 

 

 

 

 

banks

Lloyds Bank

the bank of

 

 

Barclays Bank

England

 

 

 

 

 

shops

Harrods, Selfridges,

 

 

 

 

 

 

470

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